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A POSITION PAPER ON SOPHOCLES’ OEDIPUS REX

THE KING WEARS A SHADES AS THE SUN SHINES BRIGHT WHICH MAKES HIS DAYS DARKER AND DARKER EVERY SINGLE DAY
(with some relations to the Philippine Government and setting as a whole)

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A POSITION PAPER ON SOPHOCLES’
OEDIPUS REX

REGULANO, Jean Paula Bermudez
2011-05787
HUM 1 X

Oedipus Rex’ knowledge, which served as his intestine against the others to be the King of Thebes, is just limited to the knowledge on his individuals and his environment, excluding the details about himself due to his blindness and innocence on his own id.

In the midst of the downfall of the City of Thebes, is the doorway of a great chief who will dare to make a change, held the city up despite its fall, which will do his finest for his time period to be progressive and be filled with legacy. What is it that makes this man a King, the kind of king projected in the story of Sophocles, the King who does not know some issues behind? How might he achieve his targets for his metropolis sooner or later if he can’t return and have a look of what happened in the past?

The city of Thebes, town of secrets, town of Gods, town filled with tragic with their King are what consists the play entitles, Oedipus Rex.

What made Oedipus the King of Thebes? It all started with the legend of the Sphinx, a horrible monster within the Ancient Greece, whose body is consist of a lion, with wings of an eagle, and whose head is a head of a girl which had been sent to earth by the Gods to terrorize the land of Thebes to have a revenge on the former King, Laius, who raped a prince from one other kingdom.

All residents of the poor city shall be asked by the Sphinx by his riddles, a mind blowing riddle, and people who cannot answer, will be sent out of the earth. This had been a continuous process till in the future, a person dared to pass a gate and unseemingly, become capable of reply the riddle of the Sphinx.

This man is Oedipus. Since the Sphinx’ riddle was answered, which means the fiend will now cease from terrorizing the town of Thebes. With that, people idolized Oedipus, praised him as if he was a God like Zeus and the other great Greek Gods, after which a bit later, he was declared as the new King of Thebes, primarily due to his data and not because of having someone

who will cross the crown and position to him, which what really occurs within the Greek times that’s if we are going to put it within the current authorities, particularly in the Philippine Setting, is what occurs with a Political Dynasty.

Painting by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres depicting Oedipus after he solves the riddle of the Sphinx. The Walters Art Museum.
Therefore, his wisdom is what he used to be able to lead town in downfall, to be able to be a King, which place is all the time dreamt by all the residents due to energy hungriness and want to have an influence to do all issues for their very own and for their household which makes them egocentric just like what we have within the Philippine Congress right now, the misuse of the taxpayers’ money, the continuous planning of white elephant projects, misallocation of budget, all turning into part of the politician’s pocket. But, will it actually benefit the society if someone like Oedipus will take the lead? Let us look at more who Oedipus is and what it that may and will not is make him a great leader.

FREE WILL VERSUS DETERMINISM
The idea of free will will at all times calm down in the word free, freedom. Attaining freedom and the word free are extraordinarily big words. This merely implies that having our personal free will is having our own choices and it is on us to consider such constraints. It is not asking others

of what is greatest for us, for instance, when choosing a costume to wear or footwear to purchase. This performs a very important position in our choice making process.

Determinism can be another word that’s so hard to define because of its vagueness of use and utility. In any means, determinism is what pushes and pulls us to do sure issues which truly will lead us to the goal and/or maybe, will give us the answer whether we are up for this or not. This is also a philosophical place, a metaphysical one, which states that for every little thing that occurs, there are conditions such that, given these situations, nothing else could happen. This describes, simply, a trigger and effect relation in variables.

The free will and determinism ideas within the play in one way could be projected within the half the place in Oedipus’ leadership was fastidiously examined. What is really, a hidden agenda of a person to be a King of such a place? All politicians who run for a place, saying or hiding this, have their own agendum of doing so. It would be so scripted for the individuals or for the mass to say that their solely reason for asking a position is to have a greater avenue to serve them, provide their basic social wants, to return again to them what they do for his or her nation as a half of the nationbuilding, to offer his life as to deliver progress and unite the people of a selected land. Though there are really some whose objective is that this, but I wonder if they’re positioned in position right now.

Oedipus’ is lucky sufficient to have the power to be the King of the City of Thebes, but, how about his tragic reversal of fortune because the story begins to end? Is it attributed to his personal conduct? Or will it more reflect on his fate, which implies that what happened is merely because it was deliberate, that’s it was really meant to occur, and that it was not attributable to the conduct of Oedipus?

In an audience perspective, what occurred in path of the top is mainly due to his conduct. The death of Laius is really a big issue and as a end result of the one who overtook the position of the King who passed away, Oedipus was expected to offer him the justice he deserves. He called on all of the individuals who might give him the answer of who’s the man behind the death of the previous King and to somehow diminish the vagueness of the case, however then, after hearing those that have been said by the concerned people, Oedipus did not consider what they’ve simply said.

Instead, he continued looking for the truth, however since it all comes back to him, that he is the murdered of the previous king, he chose to disagree. If on the first place, he accepted what his individuals said and looked for extra particulars, the play might need led to a less tragic moment. If, on the opposite hand, he didn’t gave his metropolis a somewhat like an info black out of what’s occurring to Laius’ case, it might have led to a greater way.

In Oedipus’ viewpoint, because the play ends, he still chose to not consider on the words of his people which says that it was he who’s the person behind the death of the king of Thebes who handed away, used his innocence of what he’s, and made it to the purpose that every little thing was dictated by fate, first, him, being lucky sufficient to have the power to reply the riddle and be the King of the city, to have his folks hearken to him and such. Since he displays every taking place to fate—both the fortunes he obtained and the unnecessary unlucky events that comes to life, what occurred to him is governed and not related to his conduct as a pacesetter and as an individual as nicely.

Oedipus can have prevented the tragic ending if he selected to put down in his people’s words relating to the demise of Laius. But what Sophocles did, is he selected to offer his reader a considerably heart attack, that because the play progresses, Oedipus kept all the knowledge in him only, as a end result of he does not need anybody recognize him as a assassin particularly because he is in a position, and it

was an extreme shame for him and to his family as nicely to be referred to as as one, and since the one that’s under investigation is the demise of a big man in politics too, the previous King of Thebes, Laius.

Man’s habits on the planet ought to be governed by free will. This is what it must be. But as a end result of many constraints introduced by the society, it becomes extra governed by determinism as time passes by. What brings about determinism as the one which is accountable in governing people’s behavior?

The social class. The idea of discrimination. The image of faith. The colonization and existence of imperialism. These are some factors which makes man’s conduct be determined. Others should be slave and others need to be masters. Others have to be the politicians in the Philippine authorities, whereas others should be a part of the marginalized, oppressed and powerless. Inequality, it’s.

INNOCENCE VERSUS GUILT
Innocence is especially because of lack of information. This causes lots of vagueness to things which occurs to be difficult to understand. It affects people’s choice making and this is detrimental in developing with something that’s related, rational and critical. Guilt, then again, is what people really feel after doing one thing which brought one thing that’s dangerous or isn’t advantageous to the other. It is extra of a type of reflection folks normally does after a sin has been committed. This makes a folks higher, as a end result of as he feels guilty, he turns into more prone in the realization of what he has done and that he mustn’t do it again or any extra in order to not affect or damage his and the opposite people’s life in any method.

Fig. 2 Oedipus and his wife. Oedipus Killed his father and marry his mom.

One of the ethical query of Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex is that is He (Oedipus) ought to really be accountable for the demise of Laius and for marrying his personal mother? Is he harmless or if not, what makes sense?

Some scholarly articles, says answers a agency no on the query of whether Oedipus was harmless on the crimes he did. “Oedipus was unaware of the true nature of his actions and is therefore morally blameless.” (Carel, 2000) The rationale behind this is that, he can’t be held responsible because the true id of his mother whom he married and his father who is the previous king of Thebes, tragically, at the moment, is different than his knowledge. Meaning, these two personas are strangers to him within the first place.

But then, how can an intelligent man, holding accountable for knowing some data concerning his lineage, fail to grasp the which means of his actions towards the end of the play? In an audience point of view, Oedipus’ case of being innocent ought to no longer be laid under the desk. He just isn’t innocent; somewhat, he retains his report on his personal. As the story progresses, there’s his secret that may quickly be within the mouth of the public. It will all boil all the means down to him, being considered an intelligent man who was capable of reply the riddle of the Sphinx which occurred to be the turning point of the residents of Thebes that later gave rise to the declaration of Oedipus as the brand new King who will take over the term of the old man who died within the crossroad.

Therefore, if he will be regarded as harmless, then the justice for the demise of Laius is not going to be attained, it’s going to endlessly be a mystery or a case unsolved but is set aside, and it will even be attainable to have more instances as such to return, which will make the city more in trouble as an alternative of bringing the light back to them. Therefore, the daughter of Janet Napoles is then innocent for using the fund for the masses for her personal stuff because she does not know that her mother is a thief, the place in it isn’t possible for her not to ask her mom of where there billions came from or even realize what her mother does and how come she (Janet) was in a place to generate tons of and tons of of 1000’s per day.

Another unfair thing, it’s.
This state of affairs significantly explains the significance of knowledge, a full and not partial and biased knowledge, a related one. Having a full information on something is very important in a method that it could assist himself and even other folks once they encounter problems, in such method, trying and formulating solutions won’t ever be that onerous. In the story of Oedipus Rex, it’s possible for him to keep away from the prevalence of what had occurred in the end if he simply evaluated

very fastidiously all the things the people who discover themselves educated of what happened. But it occurred to be not. It is as a end result of he just contained the data that he was able to gather from the people and rejected the truth that it may be actually potential to be him who’s the man behind the demise of the former King of Thebes. In a extra clearer perspective, he already had all the sources however then, he simply disregarded every thing and tried to make his own course of in giving the justice that ought to be obtained by the killed King.

SIGHT VERSUS INSIGHT
Darkness and light-weight. The darkness in the play may be mirrored in Oedipus’ blindness, literally and figuratively. Figuratively in a method that he is blinded from his own identification that he did not even know that he was the one who killed his King earlier than his time period, that his king occurred to be his own father, that he married a ladies on the age twice as he, that he didn’t know that it happened to be his mother. There are lots of revelations occurred within the play and that made it as tragic as how Sophocles needed it to be.

This inconsistent argument brings confusion to whether Oedipus should actually be held accountable for killing his father and marrying his mom. There is some extent that is mentioned in earlier paragraphs that he lacked knowledge that’s the reason, there’s a mere chance that it’s really not his intention to render the crimes that had been raised against her towards the tip of the play.

On the opposite hand, mild signifies the latter part of the play the place in, slowly, each single thing turns to be a a lot clearer that it’s in the earlier half. It is when the vagueness of the story began to diminish, having a brighter view of prediction of what will happen subsequent. In the tip, it is really true that no secret could be saved forever. Oedipus is indeed a really intelligent king, that as he received the accountability of being the King Fig. three Blind Oedipus embraces Antigone and Ismene of Thebes whose primarily objective is to boost town out of the downfall left by the previous king who’s killed. But then, there may be actually no good creature in the actual world, though folks may say that that is solely a product of Sophocles’ wide imagination. Oedipus Rex’ information is restricted like the resources of the species on the earth. It is simply restricted to the data on his environment, not with the knowledge of his lineage, which set him blind from his identification that even his behavior don’t have any a hundred percent maintain that it was ruled by free will or determinism.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

(2010,09) Oedipus Rex: Innocence vs Guilt. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 09, 2010, from http://www.
Studymode.com/essays/Oedipus-Rex-Innocence-Vs-Guilt409245.html

Carrel, Havi Hannah. 2000. Secrets and Lies: What Oedipus Really Knew. Orani: Culture, Creation and Critique. France.

Rueda, Edward. (n.d).Oedipus Family Circus. Texts for Craig White’s Literature Courses. University of Houston Clear Lake.

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