Abortion- the termination of the lifetime of a foetus. In this section I will be wanting at the general teachings of Bible references that refer to abortion and the Sanctity of life. I will be taking a glance at eight references from all over the Bible and seeing how they are often interpreted, either saying that abortion is incorrect, or that it should be allowed.
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In Britain, since 1967 abortion of some sort has been allowed. In 1967 a law was handed enabling abortion, under certain circumstances.
Two medical doctors needed to agree about it and it must be carried out in registered premises. And these would solely be relevant if the mother’s life, health or mental well being could be in danger, her existing household would endure or if the child will be handicapped. This allowed abortions up to 28 weeks. In 1990 the time deadline was changed to 24 weeks, because with trendy technology a 28 week born child may find a way to survive out of the womb.
Abortion on demand, (no questions asked) isn’t available in Britain, but it is in Holland.
Genesis ch.1 v 27
“So God created human beings, making them to be like himself. He created them female and male.”
This reference is saying that life is God-given and holy. So if you destroy it then you may be destroying God’s work. God created two sexes so that child could be produced, so God wants children to be had. The query to be requested although is when does life begin? If a Christian believes it begins at conception then they are very likely to be towards abortion at any stage.
If they believe that life begins after 9 weeks, which it then medically a foetus, so up to 9 weeks they may assume it’s alright as a lot as 9 weeks. Some consider it begins at varied different instances, proper up to delivery. If you believe that life doesn’t start till delivery you then would in all probability believe that abortion ought to be allowed at any stage.
Exodus 20 v 13
“Do not commit murder.”
Some individuals see abortion as murder, as a result of they believe that life begins within the womb, however others don’t see the foetus as a life to be murdered within the first place.
Psalm 139 v 13-16
You created every part of me; you set me together in my mother’s womb. I praise you because you are to be feared; all you do is strange and fantastic. I realize it with all my coronary heart. When my bones were being shaped, fastidiously put collectively in my mother’s womb, once I was rising in there secret, you knew that I was there- you saw me before I was born. The days allotted to me had all been recorded in your guide, before any of them ever began.
This is saying that God has a plan for each life before it’s even conceived, so abortion is interfering with God’s will and work and is therefore incorrect. But some could argue that abortion might be in God’s plan. Further this reference strongly means that life begins at conception as God knew the foetus well earlier than it was born.
1 Corinthians 3 v16-17
Surely you know that you are God’s Temple and that God’s spirit lives in you! So if anyone destroys God’s Temple, God will destroy him. For God’s Temple is holy, and you yourselves are his temple.
This teaches that all life is holy and sacred, so you must not destroy it. If you believe that a foetus is a life, then you’ll consider that abortion is incorrect. This is saying that killing a foetus is killing god. But if in your opinion a foetus just isn’t a life until it is born, then this article will not imply something.
Jeremiah 1 v4-5
The Lord mentioned to me “I selected you before I gave you life and before you have been born I chosen you to be a prophet to the nations.”
This says that God has a plan for each life before he provides it life and earlier than it’s born. And if Jeremiah had been aborted he wouldn’t have turn into considered one of God’s prophets. Similarly each foetus could be seen to have the potential to realize something. Therefore abortion is interfering with God’s plan. But some argue that abortion might be in God’s plan.
Luke 12 v 6-7
“Aren’t five sparrows offered for two pennies? Yet not one sparrow is forgotten by God. Even the hairs on your head have all been counted. So don’t be afraid; you are price extra many sparrows!”
The bible is saying that human life is valuable, so abortion can be seen as a treasured waste and should not be performed. But should you don’t think that the foetus is a human life on the time then you may not see it as valuable and/or a waste. Also, all life is treasured to God, so if the mother’s life is in danger, it might be argued that, as she is efficacious to God, she must be allowed an abortion.
Psalms 127 v 3
“Children are a present from the Lord; they are a real blessing.”
Therefore aborting a toddler is rejecting a present from God, and his blessing. This is disrespectful to God. But when you don’t imagine that it’s a baby till it’s born, or at some other time during pregnancy, then this statement might not have an result on you.
Mark 12 v30-31
“Love the Lord your God with all your coronary heart, with all of your soul, with all of your mind, and with all your power. The second most important commandment is that this: ‘love your neighbour as you’re eager on yourself’. There isn’t any other commandment more essential than these two.”
Every human being is equal in the eyes of God. So no one has the right to kill one other. The foetus has as much right to stay because the mother. But it could be argued that nothing has rights until it is born. Also ‘neighbour’ could check with the mother in addition to the foetus. Then the question arises as to whose life is more valuable to God.
There are arguments on either side. It will very much depend on how you interpret the teachings. This I shall now study in section B, by investigating the views of two main Christian denominations.
Within the Christian church there are differing views on abortion. In this section I shall be taking a glance at how these teachings are interpreted by the Roman Catholics and the Church of England, two major Christian denominations, and the way they have an result on their views on abortion.
Roman Catholic denomination
Genesis ch1 v 27
Roman Catholics would agree that life is God given and holy, and therefore it should not be destroyed. They imagine that God created the 2 sexes to breed, and so they believe that each one sexual intercourse should happen within a marriage for procreation, so there shouldn’t be any unwanted youngsters. As they believe that life begins at conception, abortion at any stage is destroying Gods work and therefore wrong.
Exodus 20 v 13
Roman Catholics believe that abortion is murder, and therefore incorrect as it breaks the commandment ‘thou shall not kill,’ and clearly goes towards this reference ‘do not commit murder’. In the Pope’s eleventh encyclical, he says that the “death penalty is never justified,” this could hyperlink to this reference because he doesn’t suppose that the baby deserves to have the demise penalty.
Psalm 139 v 13-16
Roman Catholic perception that life begins at conception is supported by this reference. There isn’t any dialogue on when life begins and due to this fact abortion is all the time incorrect. B.Harinng says in his e-book ‘Medical Ethics’ that “at the second of conception distinctive genetic code is fastened.” And therefore a human life is formed.
1 Corinthians 3 v16-17
Roman Catholics consider that human beings are made within the picture of God, and due to this fact you might be killing God, and his temple, if you kill a foetus. And God will destroy anyone who alters his plans. In the Pope’s new encyclical he says “the penalty for abortion, or assisting one, is computerized excommunication”, (from the Roman Catholic Church). This is destroying the connection with God.
Jeremiah 1 v4-5
This helps the Catholic perception the each delivery is planned by God, and subsequently life is sacred. The Catholic Truth Society state “no pregnancy is unplanned, because no baby can be conceived unless God intends that conception” due to this fact it is mistaken to intervene with God’s plans.
Luke 12 v6-7
This is interpreted by the Roman Catholics to mean that each one life is important, which leads them to imagine that “The life of the unborn child is just as sacred as the life of the mother”, as outlined in the Papal Encyclical Casti Conubii 1930.
Psalms 127 v3
The Catholic teachings state that sexual intercourse should solely happen inside a wedding and for the purpose of creating youngsters. Therefore according to the Papal Encyclical 1968 abortion is forbidden, as it is a means of regulating birth, and changing Gods plans. This view remains to be supported by Pope Jean-Paul II.
Mark 12 v30-31
Catholic teachings from 1930 state that ‘human beings are made in the image of God’ due to this fact abortion is breaking the commandment ‘Love the Lord your God’. The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that “Human life must be respected and protected absolutely from the moment of conception. From the first moment of his existence, a human being have to be recognised as having the rights of a person- amongst which is the inviolable proper of every harmless being to life.” In the Pope’s new encyclical he says, “the killing of innocent human creatures, even when carried out to assist others, constitutes an absolutely unacceptable act.” The Pope is emphasising that no that no commandment, apart from ‘love your god’, is more necessary than this.
What is the Roman Catholic Church doing to convince people who abortion is wrong?
The Roman Catholic Church tries to teach all Catholics that sex ought to only occur inside marriage and for procreation, to create a stable household life. But also stresses that abortion is the homicide of an harmless baby, and breaks the rules of the Church and is punished by excommunication. Because of this they’ve received schemes which assist to financially help mothers, supplying them with clothes an gear for the infant. The first of those schemes was set up in March 1997 in Scotland, and was modelled on comparable schemes run by SPUC. These monetary incentives are supplied to mothers to try and persuade them to maintain their unborn baby.
Church of England Denomination
Genesis ch1 v 27
C of E Christians would agree that life is God given and holy, however they understand the complexities concerned in abortion, and permit it beneath certain circumstances.
Exodus 20 v 13
The General Synod of the C of E 1988 affirmed ” each human life, created within the divine picture, is unique… we therefore believe that abortion is an evil.” But it’s seen because the lesser of two evils in some cases, if the killing of the foetus saves the life of the mother.
Psalm 139 v 13-16
The Church of England accepts that God creates life in the womb, however in its statement ‘abortion- an moral decision’ it permits abortion after rape, as abortion may be needed for the restoration of the sufferer.
1 Corinthians 3 v16-17
This reference states how important every human being is. But the Church of England can interpret this to mean that the mother’s life is an actual human life, and the foetus’ life is only a possible life, and subsequently the mom should be given choice to, if there is a conflict of interests. This is confirmed in the C of E’s assertion on abortion, which states, “abortion is permitted when there’s a grave risk to the life of the mother”.
Jeremiah 1 v4-5
This is seen by the C of E as a good purpose why abortion on demand should not be made authorized. The ‘General Synod of the Church of England 1988’ state “we therefore consider that abortion is an evil, and that abortion on demand can be a really nice evil.”
Luke 12 v6-7 & Psalms 127 v3
The C of E agrees that although children are a blessing, they believe that they should not be born into immense suffering because of being severely handicapped. Therefore abortion can be acceptable in this circumstance, as it is seen as the lesser of the 2 evils.
Mark 12 v30-31
This reference tells Christians that they should love their neighbour. The C of E interprets this to imply that they should present compassion, even to people who have had an abortion. The Church states “abortion should by no means be used as a method of contraception, however those women who have abortions ought to be supplied care and compassion.
The Church of England supports the thought of fostering and adoption, when a child can’t be born into a stable, loving family unit. So they support organisations that deal with adoption and fostering, also they help organisations such as SPUC and LIFE, supported by the Roman Catholic Church, however only up to some extent, because they disagree with abortions for purely social and economical reasons.
These instructing have been interpreted by these two denominations similarly, but with some variations. They each agree that abortion is an evil in accordance with the bible, however whereas Roman Catholics can never see it as the most suitable choice in any circumstance, the C of E recognises that it could be the lesser of two evils in some circumstances. However the largest distinction within the two interpretations is that whereas the C of E encourages compassion and support to a mother who has had an abortion, the Roman Catholics have one simple answer- excommunication!
In this essay I might be looking at whether a Christian might ever justify abortion. I will contemplate the completely different denominational viewpoints of the Roman Catholics, the Church of England and different denominations, especially Methodists, who are extra pro-choice than the opposite two that I’m looking at.
If a Christian involved is a Roman Catholic then for my part they may never justify an abortion. This is due to the method in which that they interpret the teachings in the bible that I have checked out in sections ‘A’ and ‘B’. They see it as the murder of an innocent baby and it’s unacceptable for all cases in all circumstances. They even want the regulation to be changed so it reduces the variety of abortions, and abortion to be recognised as murder. They also campaign for all sexual intercourse to happen inside marriage, and that sex must be for the procreation of kids.
However underneath the ‘doctrine of double effect’ a Roman Catholic may permit one thing that might kill the foetus, if the intention of it was to do something else. This is the concept of doing an action for one impact, understanding that it’ll produce another effect, but not being liable for the second effect. An instance of this is eradicating cancerous tumour from the womb of a pregnant lady, figuring out that this will kill the foetus, but it will not be an abortion, because the intention was to take away the tumour. This might be one of many only times that a Catholic might justify an abortion, though they could not see it as an abortion.
In my opinion if the Christian involved was a Church of England Christian then there will surely be occasions when they might justify an abortion. Although they might by no means see it pretty a lot as good, it could possibly be justified in some occasions. It is seen as a sad and tragic fact of life, which ought to be minimised as a lot as possible. In the C of E’s view abortion might be justified after rape, to enable the sufferer to get well, when the foetus is severely broken, as a outcome of its prospects are immense suffering and usually an early dying, or if the mother’s life is at risk. Here abortion is justified underneath ‘the lesser of two evils’. Meaning that it’s not a great factor to kill the foetus, which can not even be alive, but it’s higher than killing the mother, who is definitely alive.
However, they’d positively think that abortion was unacceptable late on in the pregnancy, or when the child might be born and adopted. There are also many different circumstances that are allowed by British law right now, especially abortions for social causes. They want to see a change to society and the regulation to stop late abortions and ‘social’ abortions. They would also like to see higher sex training that emphasises accountability and consists of information about contraception. Therefore the overall variety of abortions can be decreased, and less (potential) lives could be wasted.
Other Christian denominations are more liberal of their justification of abortions, for example Methodists. They nonetheless don’t see abortion as an excellent factor, however in my view they may justify extra cases of abortion. They see abortion as undesirable, but essential in many circumstances as it could stop unnecessary struggling. This struggling could be prevented in many cases when there could be hardship or stress to the mother or household. This takes under consideration if the child will be in a position to be supported and offered for or not, and if the mom already has plenty of children, whether or not she would be able to physically and mentally deal with one other youngster, or if the other youngsters would be capable of deal with another baby. Abortions might be justified taking into account “offensive social circumstances of bad housing and household poverty”. Also they’d justify abortions for all the explanations that the C of E would justify abortions, e.g. after rape or when the mother’s life is in danger and so forth. They imagine firmly that the mom is more essential than the foetus. In their opinion the foetus is a possible human, however the mom is the true human, so her rights have to be given precedence if there is a battle between the mom and foetus. It is seen right here also as the lesser of two evils.
However, a Methodist, or someone of an identical denomination, wouldn’t justify an abortion if it was ‘just a matter of the mother’s convenience’.
Never the much less, Methodists strongly emphasise the necessity to help girls of their decisions about copy and pregnancy. They emphasise God’s forgiveness. Some Methodists have abortions themselves. They want to see good contraceptive recommendation, extra possibilities for girls to determine what to do about unplanned pregnancies and extra help for girls who select to have an abortion. As far as the current British legislation is concerned, they are pretty proud of it in the intervening time. They really feel that if abortion was made illegal once more, there could be one law for the wealthy and another one for the poor. While the rich would be succesful of afford to go overseas to have an abortion, there would be the return of back-street abortions, with increased threat of sick health and death, which might be the biggest waste of life, one or doubtlessly two human lives would be wasted.
From all of this, I even have determined that there are definitely circumstances where Christians may justify abortions. Roman Catholics, only when the operation has one other intention, but the other denominations have sure circumstances beneath which they might justify an abortion, as it’s usually seen because the lesser of the 2 evils.