To Free the Slaves When the nation was based, the southern acknowledged favored slavery and the northern states didn’t. Had the presidents that came earlier than Abraham Lincoln stood up and made the much wanted change, then it will not have fallen on Lincoln’s shoulders to face up and free the slaves. Because this obligation was laid upon him, Lincoln took many steps to abolish slavery. Among the numerous issues that he did was to face up during the Civil War, enact the emancipation proclamation, and pass the thirteenth modification.
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Had he not taken these steps to abolish slavery, history would have been completely different, and the highway to civil rights would have been delayed longer than the hundred years that it took to start reaching equality. On November 6, 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected the President of the United States; this event caused outrage among the southern states. Because Lincoln had run on anti-slavery, the southerners believed that they no longer had a place in the Union.
By February 1st, 1861 seven states had seceded from the Union.
The seceded states collaborated to create the Confederate States of America and elected Jefferson Davis as their president. Lincoln decided to battle as a result of he felt that it was his duty because the president to preserve the union. During his first inaugural address he appealed to the rebellious states to rejoin the union. (Civil War) The Civil War began on April 12th, 1861 in South Carolina at Fort Sumter. The Civil War was not completely attributable to the election of Lincoln.
However, it was the first reason the struggle broke out when it did.
It additionally in my view set the stage for abolishing slavery. At this time Lincoln upheld that blacks couldn’t be part of the military, nevertheless they had been allowed to struggle for the navy. Many blacks rushed in to fight as a outcome of; although Lincoln stated that the struggle was not about slavery, however as a substitute in regards to the union. The African Americans knew this struggle was about slavery (Handlin). Slaves were escaping in masses, and since there was no constant law concerning fugitives, commanders could make their own decisions on what to do with them.
Some were put to work for union forces, some returned to their homeowners. Then on August sixth, 1861, the fugitive slaves had been thought of to be “contraband of war,” and it was determined that in the occasion that they fought, and so they have been discovered to be contraband of warfare then they had been declared free. As they continued to maneuver south many slaves flooded the north. As a result each white and black northern citizens pulled together, providing aid, and organizing reduction. And throughout the war in addition they organized faculties to teach the African Americans to learn and write (McPherson).
Then in 1862 Lincoln started considering emancipation as a stepping stone toward successful the warfare. In the south they started to drive blacks to build forts, work as blacksmiths, nurses, boatmen, laundresses, and work in hospitals, armories and factories. However, within the north the African Americans who needed to defeat the slaveholders probably the most were being turned away from the navy, as a result of to start with of the struggle Lincoln did not need the south to imagine that the warfare was about slavery not the not the Union.
At this time, if Lincoln declared that the struggle was about slavery, European public opinion would again the north. On September twenty second, 1862, Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. The proclamation warned that if the Confederate states didn’t give up by January 1st, 1863, their slaves could be freed. Many believed that this was the start of the tip of slavery. But, in addition they feared that Lincoln would give into strain and fail to keep his promise. Then on January 1st, 1863, he issued the final Emancipation Proclamation, freeing all slaves in states that weren’t part of the union.
At this level, the aim of the struggle modified; they were not solely fighting to protect the union, but also preventing to finish slavery. After the final draft was issued, the federal military began to officially accept black troopers into ranks (Goodwin). A new chapter of history started, when the Thirteenth Amendment handed in January 1865. This Amendment abolished slavery within the United States, and supplied that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, besides as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist inside the United States, or anyplace topic to their jurisdiction. (McPherson) The Amendment was passed on the end of the warfare, earlier than Confederate States had rejoined the Union, making it easy to move. Finally, on April 18, 1865, the Civil War ended with the surrender of the Confederate army. The southern panorama was destroyed, and 4 million slaves have been freed. Former slaveholders faced emancipation with rage, concern, and despair. The slaves have been freed and began to aim to rebuild their lives. The nation then started reconstruction, which held many guarantees and tragic disappointments for the folks of the United States.
As part of the reconstruction there have been two new amendments added to the structure. The Fourteenth Amendment, which granted to all folks born or naturalized in the United States. And, the Fifteenth Amendment, which said that no American can be denied the best to vote on the idea of race (McPherson). The Civil War paved the way for President Lincoln to abolish slavery within the United States. First he took a stand; he enacted the Emancipation Proclamation, and finally he was able to pass the Thirteenth Amendment.
Had Lincoln not taken these steps to abolish slavery, History would have been fully different, and the street to civil rights and equality would have been delayed much longer. We will never know who would have finally stood up if he hadn’t, nor how long it might have taken. However, we do know it might have been completely different. Would we have had Martin Luther King? Or would we have President Obama? Bibliography 1. Tried by War – McPherson M. James. 2008 2. Team of Rivals – Goodwin Doris Kearns. 2005 three. Abraham Lincoln and the Union – Handlin Oscar and Lillian – 1980 4. www. CivilWar. org