ABSTRACT This paper discusses different varieties of silk and the life cycle of silkworm. It also exhibits how silk is associated with historical Chinese culture in terms of clothes, writing on silk and Silk Road. Silk grew to become a luxurious item and an emblem of wealth and wonder. The Silk Roads have been used not solely to transport silk but additionally a variety of different gadgets the impacts of the Silk Roads had been optimistic for the cultures that relied on it. Keywords: Silk, Silkworm, Culture, Silk Road.
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INTRODUCTIONSilk is a pure fiber and was amongst the earliest fibers discovered by man. Silk is a fibroin manufactured from proteins secreted within the fluid state as single filament by a caterpillar, popularly known as ‘silkworm’. These silkworms feed on the chosen food plants and spin cocoons as a ‘protective shell’ to perpetuate the life. Silkworm has four stages in its life cycle which include egg, silkworm, pupa and moth. Man interferes this life cycle at the cocoon stage to acquire the silk, a steady filament of economic importance, utilized in weaving of the dream cloth.
THE LIFE CYCLE OF SILKWORMThe life cycle of silkworms depends on the weather the higher the temperature the decrease the life cycle of silkworms. the feminine moth lays eggs and after some days every egg turns into a silkworm larva that eats mulberry leaves and grows greater the larva spins a cocoon of silk threads round itself inside the cocoon the larva changes into a pupa and the pupa adjustments right into a moth, the moth comes out of the cocoon the adult mate with one another and the life circle begins once more.
TYPES OF SILKMulberry silk: This popular type is produced by the bombyx mori silkworms that are fed from the mulberry plant thus its name, the silk threads produced by this moth is white or yellowish in color. Mulberry silk is the most important and contributes as much as ninety % of world productionNon- Mulberry silk: this include different kinds of silks which may be solely not consumed the mulberry vegetation, probably the most known commercially non mulberry silk embrace Tasar silk produced by the worm called tasar silk in which the silk threads are brown coloured It is usually present in India, China and Srilanka, Eric silk this type of silk primarily feeds on castor crops to produce a white or brick-red silk popularly generally recognized as Eri silk, Muga silk this kind of silk produces golden-yellow silk thread which could be very engaging and robust.SILK IN ANCIENT CHINESE CULTURESilk is one of the most essential innovations of ancient China, and has contributed significantly to its wealth and prosperity.Silk Road It was named the Silk Road’ in nineteenth century by Ferdinand von Richthofen a German geographer. It was called the Silk Road as a end result of one of many main merchandise traded was silk material from china, it began from China and passed via Central Asia, West Asia, Africa and Europe.The community was used often from one hundred thirty BCE, when the Han officially opened commerce with the west, to 1453 CE, when the Ottoman Empire boycotted commerce with the west and closed the routes. The Silk Road was necessary in Chinese culture because Economically, it helped china in trading with different nations which gave china a market to promote its items and it made money off of commerce, Culturally, it introduced extra cultures and ways to rejoice and communicate to what they called their God, and in addition during a tough time for China Buddhism was launched, which helped the Chinese relieve their stress of what could have happened recently and Socially, more languages have been introduced to people close to the Silk Road..Silk Clothing China is the first nation that found silk making, it’s stated the silkworm for making silk cloth was first invented by the spouse of the yellow Emperor, Lei Zu around the yr 2696 BC. The idea of silk came from the queen named Leizu around the year 2696 BC who was having her tea underneath the mulberry tree, when a cocoon suddenly fell into her scorching tea from the mulberry tree and unraveled forming silk threads around itself that when she discovered that the cocoon was manufactured from lengthy threads that were both soft and strong Leizu then discovered tips on how to mix the silk fibers into a thread and therefore the discovery of silk. Silk was used to make clothes which was priceless in ancient Chinese tradition, the wealthy and the poor dressed fairly in a special way, the people of higher standing wore garments manufactured from silk and the folks of decrease class weren’t allowed to wear silk, spread steadily by way of Chinese tradition after which to many nations around the world.Silk as Writing MaterialSilk was considered in historical China as writing materials, from someday within the Warring States Period (475-221 B.C.) Silk was much lighter and could be minimize in desired sizes and shapes and be folded simply, the better to be saved and carried than other earlier writing materials similar to wooden slips and bamboo though it was very expensive. During the Tang Dynasty (618-907), it was the style to weave the lines into plain white silk to be used exclusively for writings which had been mainly for training functions and handing down information to the future generations. REFERENCES1. En.wikipedia.org. (n.d.). Silk. [online] Available at: China Highlights. (n.d.). Chinese Silk ” Silk History, Production, and Products. [online] Available at: Ducksters.com. (n.d.). Kids History: The Legend of Silk in Ancient China. [online] Available at: Byjus.com. (n.d.). Silkworm – The Life Cycle of Silkworm | Processing of Silk. [online] Available at: Cartwright, M. (n.d.). Silk in Antiquity. [online] Ancient History Encyclopedia. Available at: Talbot, L. (2005). Chinese Silk: A Cultural History. Shelagh Vainker. Studies in the Decorative Arts, 12(2), pp.143-147.7. Bhatia, P. (2005). The Silk Roads, Highways of Culture and Commerce. Indian Historical Review, 32(2), pp.241-244