Accounting Basics

Assess how a specific enterprise applies an accounting idea or policy to their accounting records.

What is a Concept: Concepts are a set of fundamental principles which might be used as pointers for accountants everywhere in the globe when they’re doing their accounting records? There are many concepts and listed here are some of them: accruals, consistency, prudence and materiality. Jonathan doesn’t have to observe these guidelines as it is not the law, however, it is good to use those guidelines as a result of they will help Northern Car Repairs to check with different enterprise.

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Consistency Concepts:

Consistency ideas are essential for business as a outcome of it helps a business is lots issues and it’ll defiantly make lots issues easier for Jonathan. For example, if Jonathan is connected to one accounting methodology that he makes use of, it will be a lot simpler for Jonathan to account as he will be utilizing the identical method for lots of years and by doing that Jonathan will be succesful of examine the accounts.

However, consistency ideas doesn’t state that Jonathan must follow the same technique all the way, Jonathan can change this accounting strategies for Northern Car Repairs if the new methodology is better than the old one. If Jonathan does change the method he must point out the change in Northern Car Repair’s financial assertion stating the impact and the date he changed the method.

Consistency concepts of accounting requires Jonathan to use essentially the most appropriate depreciation method. Once Jonathan has found a way and has set the value, Jonathan and will need to stick with that method for serval years so Jonathan can evaluate to different rival businesses.

By sticking to the identical deprecition technique Jonathan will also be able to see a sample in his profits.

P11: Describe cost strategies for enterprise transactions.


A cheque is an order to a financial institution to pay the acknowledged quantity from the drawers account. Cheques are used for lots of issues and here are two examples: paying bills, paying someone else. There are many types of Cheque and listed under are some of them: Order Cheque, Open Cheque, Crossed Cheque and Postdated Cheque.

How to write down a Cheque:

First Jonathan will write the name of the individual or the origination/business he’s paying. After Jonathan has accomplished that he will need to cross any blank spaces on the cheque so individuals don’t add any additional number at the end. Then Jonathan will want to add details to the payee line (for example: the account number). After completing that, Jonathan will maintain the cheque stub that contains all the details.

Advantages of utilizing Cheques Disadvantages of using Cheques

Cheques are very protected if all the clean areas are crossed. Cheques are not suitable for small quantities.

You do not have to fret about counting notes or making any mistakes. Depositing cheques at a financial institution may be very time consuming

Your cheques can be traced if you lose them so you do not have to fret about losing them. Cheques may be valueless if the drawer has no cash of their account.

A Cheque requires your signature which implies nobody else can use it if you lose it. Checks require signature which means when you rush your signature, it goes to be returned as a result of it might not match on the file.

Debit Card:

A Debit card is a payment card that can be used instead of cash. Debit cards helps you make very straightforward and secure purchase- these purchases can be on-line or in particular person. A Debit card takes cash straight from your checking account, so the money is all yours and you’re not borrowing any money. To get a Debit card all you have to do is ask your bank and it is a very easy process because all you have to do is fill out an software with the financial institution.

Advantages of utilizing a Debit Card/Disadvantages of using a Debit Card

It could be very onerous to steal out of your debit card because the thief needs to know your pin and likewise you presumably can report to the bank about your missing card and they are going to block it so the thief won’t be ready to take any money out. If someone will get hold of your card and you forget to report it, they can draw cash from your card instantly with your pin.

You wouldn’t have to carry cash round with you if regularly use debit card, also together with your debit you can go to an ATM and take out nonetheless a lot you need. Debit card doesn’t assist your credit rating which means you cannot build it. This means you should have a high rate of interest.

You won’t go into a debt because debit playing cards restrict spending to what you could have in your checking account. Not each shop/store takes debit card.

Easy to maintain track of you’re spending because the transactions are posted on-line immediately. The financial institution charges in your debit card can add up to a large quantity.

Credit Cards:

A Credit card is a plastic card that permits you to spend your credits to make purchases and reduce debt. A Credit card type of works as a loan- your lender provides you with a credit score restrict and you’ll spend as much as you want of that credit earlier than you need to pay it back. There are about seven forms of Credit cards and listed under are some of them: money transfer playing cards, purchase cards, reward playing cards and steadiness builder cards.

Advantages of using a Credit Card/Disadvantages of utilizing a Credit Card

A Credit card is so much safer than carrying money around with you. Other fees can shortly construct up, for instance you can be charged if you miss a fee or should you accidently spend previous your credit score restrict.

You can purchase gadgets utilizing your credit even if you’re running low on money. You should pay annually, which can be up to ?25 a year and additionally this can be modified as typically it is the extra perks you need, the higher the cost you must pay.


Advantages of utilizing Cash/Disadvantages of utilizing Cash

You are restricted to how much you possibly can spend which suggests you won’t have the ability to spend all the cash. Cash is sort of to track so should you lose it, you most likely won’t be getting it again.

No transactions wanted like there are with playing cards. Carrying some large cash on you will increase your threat of getting robbed.

Everybody takes money. You and your seller needs to be collectively or it is inconceivable to pay them with money.

Standing Orders:

A standing order is a way of establishing a hard and fast cost out of your account where a person instructs their financial institution to pay another particular person a hard and fast quantity. To set up a standing order you will need the name of the individual you would possibly be paying, their 8-digit account quantity and their 6-digit kind code and the fee reference.

Advantages of using Standing Orders/Disadvantages of utilizing Standing Orders

Allows buyer to make the proper cost on the proper time. If on cost is made wrongly, the customer will continue to make wrongly funds, and this is very exhausting to identify. This mistake will impact each the client and you as you won’t be getting the money and the customer will lose a lot of money.

Easy and really fast for the payer to set up. There are not any cost notifications which suggests there is a danger of late cost. This means customers usually are not paying in time which may trigger liquidity and money move issues.

Helps originations/businesses acquire regular payments on time. Only appropriate for regular and glued payments.

It is usually free for both the payer and the payee. It has less flexibility- takes a lot time to vary the quantity or the date of the fee.

Direct Debt:

Direct Debt is when you acquire payment instantly from your customer’s checking account every time a fee is due. Direct debits are primarily used for recurring funds. Some examples if you may use direct debit is when you’re paying your gasoline and electrical energy bills.

Advantages of utilizing Direct Debt/Disadvantages of using Direct Debt

You can gather funds every time they are due which means there will be no late payments. Before paying you have to handle your account to see if you have the funds for to pay the bills.

Direct Debt is flexible which suggests you’ll be able to change the amount while not having the client to re-authorize. Your cost could additionally be set too high, which you might not be ready to afford to pay.

It improves your cash flow as there are not any late funds. If you don’t manage to pay for to pay the bills your bank would possibly refuse to pay them which may charge you from ?5 up to ?25.

P12: Explain the purpose of a bank statement and the necessity for a bank reconciliation assertion.

Bank Statement:

A financial institution assertion is a record of your bank steadiness and the amounts individuals have deposited into your bank and withdrawn from your financial institution, over a time period. Knowing this info may be very essential as a outcome of then it is feasible for you to to search out out if you are paying any month-to-month fees or some other additional expenses.

Bank statements are very important as a outcome of a financial institution assertion acts as your spending document. So it’ll provide you an inventory of all of your spendings, particularly should you choose to pay with cheques, bank cards and debit cards, which means your business will be in a position to see the place you may have spent the cash whenever you spent that money and most importantly how much money you spent.

Bank Reconciliation Statement:

Bank Reconciliation is a press release report which matches your money stability on a company’s stability sheet. A bank reconciliation ought to be checked regularly for all the bank accounts you need to see that your company’s cash data are one hundred pc right. If it isn’t getting checked frequently, it may lead your corporation to overdraft. Bank reconciliation additionally checks if there are any missing deposits, any cheques missing or any unexpected actions. This is essential because by finishing that course of you can catch fraud before it’s too late as a result of the earlier you inform your financial institution about this the more safety you ought to have.

Another reason why financial institution reconciliation retains transactions status up to date. Just as a end result of you have spent a payment do not mean that the person has obtained it, bank reconciliation tells you if there are any cheques you wrote some time in the past are paid or not. This is a really massive benefit of financial institution reconciliation as you won’t be succesful of miss any funds.