Adler Case Study
1. What is Mark’s attitude, based on Jungian theory? Provide evidence for your answer.
Mark is “outgoing and joyful. He loves life and lives it to its fullest. He isn’t an introspective particular person.” According to the Jungian principle, Mark is an extrovert. He is outlined as such by his excited behavior while being energetic, socializing, and the focal point. In addition, Mark’s job is consumed by fixed exercise and danger.
2. What is Mark’s superior function, according to Jungian theory? Provide evidence in your reply.
Mark states that at work he “does not feel worry, however quite caution.” As such, Mark’s superior function is the irrational practical of sensing. He makes use of his instinct to carry out his job as a firefighter and, ultimately, to expertise the world.
3. According to Jung’s principle, what archetype has mark been influenced by? How do you know this? How does it influence his behavior? Is Mark conscious of its influence? Explain.
Mark’s career path of selection presents insight into that he was influenced by archetypes of strong brave heroes.
This would lead one to imagine he has been influenced by the hero archetype. Mark feels a need to save others, and by performing on this need he believes he’s making a distinction. Expanding on that thought, as he’s conscious that serving to others comforts him and offers him a function in his life, it might be inferred that Mark is aware of this influence and that he’s conscious that the praise makes him feel good about himself.
4. At what stage is Mark presently, based on the Jung theory? Specify sub stage if applicable, if applicable. What types of events should be occurring at this stage?
Presently, though Mark is twenty-eight years old, his actions present the likelihood that he’s still in the childhood stage of improvement: Mark is in the youth stage, in accordance with Jung’s terminology. It is possible that Mark falls into the monarchic stage of childhood development: he seeks thrill, but reveals the event of logical and abstract pondering.
5. At what stage, in Jungian principle, was Mark when he was pretending to be a superhero? Specify sub-stage if applicable.
Under the Jungian principle, while Mark was pretending to be a superhero, he was most probably within the archaic sub-stage of the childhood stage. This would explain his constant pretending of being a superhero.
Theory Comparison Questions
1. Use one other principle, besides Jung’s, to clarify Mark’s profession choice. For the purpose of this question, I shall be using the theories of Sigmund Freud. As such, Freud would delve into and additional elaborate the affect of Mark’s childhood. Freud would view Mark’s childhood experiences of taking part in superhero games to clarify his behavior later in life. In conclusion, Freud would consider that these experiences meant Mark was doubtless already predestined to obtain a career corresponding to being a firefighter.
2. How could environmental factors, corresponding to reinforcements and punishment, explain Mark’s career choice? What are some reinforcements that encourage this behavior? How is the major target of this clarification different than that of Jung’s principle in explaining Mark’s profession choice? In the form of the multiple “thank you’s!” and the continuous praise he receives as a firefighter, Mark’s habits of acting like a superhero is bolstered. These beliefs of his awaken his unconscious perception that he needs thanks and reward so as to achieve the high-esteem of manhood.
3. How may Eysenck’s concept of extraversion clarify Mark’s profession choice? What different behaviors may this idea explain? Eysenck’s explains that extroverts are sociable and energetic, both of which are present in firefighting. Even as a young child, Mark attained very extroverted qualities. As such, he continued down an extroverted path, per say, which lead him in the path of firefighting. Mark’s other behaviors that exhibit a necessity for constant exercise, renovating the kitchen of the hearth station during his free time, explain this idea.