During the age of absolutism Louis XIV, generally identified as the “sun king”, was a king who absolute energy over France. He was named king at age 5 and ruled until his death in 1715. The kings targets were all focused round one main thing, make France highly effective. He needed to make France the most poewrful country in Europe. He also wanted the rest of the world to look up to France. To achieve these goals he took complete power over every little thing in France.
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The economy throughout his reign suffered badly. Many monopolies occured in the course of the time such because the French East India Company(Hooker 1). Another problem that occured was poor tax collecting. The king created many taxes but most of them taxed the poor extra then the rich. Mercantilism began through the time which used financial means to advertise politics. National insurance policies had been created that primarily promoted exports over imports.
The authorities beneath his rule was very strict. He needed to keep everything under his order in order to present his energy.
During his time he made warfare a half of state the place before it was a personal matter(Regina 1). Regions of France would elevate cash to build up armies and when the king wanted navy help he would call upon these armies. Louis noticed this as an issue and made the army a half of the federal government. This made the military rather more powerful now as the whole nation was behind it. The king took on the name of the “sun king” as a result of he noticed himself as the god of France and the solar in his thoughts represented god(Hooker 1).
King Louis had a strict international policy. He needed to regulate the borders of France greatly and become rivals with the countries around him. His attitude led to the War of the League of Augsburg, War of the Spanish Succession, and the War of Devolution.
Louis destroyed regional independence by dividing France into thirtysix generalites. Each generalite was dominated by an intendant, who was usually appointed from the upper middle classes somewhat than the nobility. No intendant was ever appointed to a area that he lived in. This was done to keep away from as much corruption as attainable. These intendants had been appointed by the king and only took orders from the king. For essentially the most half, the intendents were there to collect taxes.
Religion throughout his rule was unified. He did this as a end result of he beleived it was essential to strengthen his power. Protestents throughout this time suffered tremendously as his unifying of religion was not of their favor. He destroyed their churches, burned their schools and forced Protestants toconvert to Catholicism(Regina 2). He overturned the Edict of Nantes and declared Protestantism to be a crime towards the state. Many of the Protestents decided to leave France somewhat then convert to Cathlolicism.
King Louis XIV had many results on France. He gave France far more power by making it one of the nations major targets. He improved the military by making it a matter of the government quite then a private matter. He made King and State the same thing(Regina 2). He unified the French government to make or not it’s as highly effective as possible. He made France an official rival of Britain. Some unhealthy issues he did for France though have been he taxed the poor as an alternative of the wealthy, he put France into lots of debt, and the court of Versailles was faraway from the lives of the individuals. Overall King Louis XIV had each postive and unfavorable results on France, but his reign could be summed up in one word, power.
Maria Regina. “Age of Absolutism Review”. http://www.historyteacher.net/europrojects/examreview/age%20of%20absolutism%20review.htm. 5 March 2002
Richard Hooker. “Pre-Enlightenment Europe”. http://www.wsu.edu/%7Edee/ENLIGHT/PRE.HTM. 6 March 2002
“Louis 14th- “Sun King””. http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/classes/diplo/absolutism.html. 6 March 2002