Albert Jacka was born on the 10th of January 1893 in a small dairy farm in Winchelsea, Victoria. On the 17th of the primary 1932, seven days after his 39th birthday, he died of continual nephritis. He was the fourth child of seven of Nathaniel Jacka and Mary Elizabeth Kettle. He spent most of his life in Wedderburn after his parents determined to maneuver the family there in 1898 when Bertie was the age of 5. After finishing elementary school, he found work as a labourer along with his father, and later for the Victorian State Forests Department.
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On 18/8/14, Bert enlisted into the Aussie Imperial Force, assigned 14 Battalion, 4th Brigade, 1st Division and began training at Broadmeadow camp. Jacka’s battalion then left for additional two months of training in Egypt. After that, his battalion then joined the fight in Gallipoli, arriving on Anzac Cove through the Dardanelles, 26/4/15. A month afterward the 19th, the Turkish began an assault alongside virtually the entire Anzac line, and captured a small twelve yard part of the ditch, leaving one finish being guarded by Jacka.
For longer than a number of minutes, he shot warning photographs into he trench till, lastly reinforcements had arrived.
Everybody however Jacka had been hit so he leapt again into the communication trench. He had then thought up a new plan, two bombs can be thrown on the Turks, as Bert would walk round and flank them from behind. He shot five and bayoneted two as the others retreated. “l managed to get the begars, Sir”, he was quoted to have stated to the primary officer to reach.
For doing this act of courage, he was awarded with a Victorian Cross, which appeared in a bit of the London Gazette. War Office, twenty fourth July, 1915 His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to award the Victoria Cross to the undermentioned Officers and Non-commissioned Officers:No. sixty five Lance-corporal Albert Jacka, 14th Battalion, Australian Imperial Forces. For most conspicuous bravery on the night of the 19th-20th May, 1915 at “Courtney’s Post”, Gallipoli Peninsula. Lance-corporal Jacka, whereas holding a portion of our trench with four other males, was heavily attacked. When all besides himself had been killed or wounded, the ditch was rushed and occupied by seven Turks. Lance-corporal Jacka at once most gallantly ttacked them single-handed, and killed the whole get together, 5 by rifle fire and two with the bayonet. Albert was immediately often known as a nationwide hero.
He began for use on recruiting posters John Wren, gave him E500 and a golden watch, after promising the primary Victorian Cross winner a reward of so. After the twenty eighth of 8th he started to skyrocket from rank to rank, beginning with Corporal, then on the 12/9, Sergeant, then Company Sergeant Major on 14/11, and at last Second Lieutenant on the 29/4/16 after finishing officer coaching. Early in June, the 14th Battalion have been then despatched to France. On the seventh of August, Bert’s platoon then moved into the line near Pozires, a small French village.
One night after dawn, Just as Jacka had completed his surveying of the realm, two German soldiers had overrun a part of line. They got here to the doorway of Jacka’s dugout, rolling a bomb down the doorway, killing two men. Jacka survived, dashing up the steps, tiring as ne moved. He received up and came upon German troopers rounding up about forty Aussies as prisoners. He spoke out to his platoon and charged against the enemy. Men threw away their rifles and commenced to participate n wild hand to hand fight, while the prisoners turned on their enslavers.
On that night, they took capture of fifty Germans and retook back the road. Everyone was severely wounded, Jacka obtained critical neck and shoulder injures and was despatched away to London hospital. On the 8th of the eighth, London newspapers sent out false reports claiming that Bert was killed in action. After this, Albert was promoted to captain and was authorised because the 14 Battalion’s Intelligence officer on the 15th March. Albert obtained back into the fght and led an evening scouting party on the eighth of April, to inspect the enemy’s defences.
He infiltrated the wire at two places, reported back, then he went out once more to observe the laying of the guide tapes for the infantry. As the Job was almost accomplished, two German soldiers creeped up, Jacka, realising that theyd see the tapes, he knew that they have to be captured. He pulled out his pistol, misfired, so he rushed on in direction of them and captured them by hand. His smart, fast thinking, had saved the Anzac soldiers from discovery and possibly bombardment and had earnt himself a bar to his army cross. The newly captained Jacka, on the 8th July, was wounded by a sniper’s bullet close to Ploegsteert Wood.
Two months afterward the 26th, he was back on his toes and back on the front, he led the 14th battalion towards German Pillboxes(small underground outposts) at Polygon Wood. In March 1918, Jacka unknowingly confronted his final fght, after being cruelly gassed at Villers-Bretonneux. A few months later, he boarded the Euripides, for Australia. A massive crowd, together with the Governor General, greeted him on his arrival in Melbourne. A few months after being discharged, R. O. Roxburgh, E. J. L. Edmonds and himself, created an electrical items importing and exporting business.
The following yr on the 17th January, Jacka was hitched to Frances Veronica Carey, a typist at his Electrical Goods business. A few moths later, the moved to St Kilda and adopted a daughter. Eight years later, he was elected to the St Kilda Council and a 12 months later elected as mayor. On the 18th of December 1931, he mysteriously fell unwell throughout a council meeting and on January 17th, a year later, he died of chronic nephritis. Over 60,000 folks paraded by his coffin because it lay in Anzac home. He was buried with complete navy honor in the Presbyterian part of the cemetery.