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American growth in the 19th century

In the years between 1830 and 1860, the United States grew economically, socially, and most noticeably, geographically. In this time period, Texas, Oregon, California, New Mexico, and Arizona were gained, finishing the continental United States. Many Americans in the nineteenth century believed this acquisition of territory was a manifest future, or event accepted as inevitable. They thought it was the future of the U.S. to control all land from the east coast to the west coast. However, I imagine that this land was taken as an act of aggressive imperialism on the part of the United States.

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Imperialism is the follow of extending the ability and dominion of a nation by direct territorial acquisitions of different areas, and clearly America took a lot of this land by pressure somewhat than negotiation with other nations. The motives of the United States was not that of enlargement, but in hopes of gaining new assets, land for agriculture, and natural sources. Also, the gain of this territory was far from inevitable.

During the nineteenth century, the United States engaged in conflicts with each Great Britain and Mexico with victories yielding land. Although the boundary between Maine and Canada was decided by the Webster-Ashburn Treaty, the “battle of the maps” between Americans and British spurred negotiations. The southern border of Texas was set on the Rio Grande River following a three 12 months struggle with Mexico, also resulting in the acquisition of the Mexican cession (California and New Mexico). The phrases of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo known as for the United States to pay Mexico $15 million for this land, but this fee was extra of a compensation for the struggle somewhat than purchase of land.

The United States used pressure to realize much of the western territory, just as imperialist nations did overseas. I see no difference between the United States taking land from Mexico and France taking control of Northern Africa; each cases are imperialism at work.

The east coast of the United States was nicely settled and developed by the mid 1800s, however was certainly not overcrowded. Earlier within the history of America, the federal government compelled Native Americans off their lands to show its energy and authority over lesser folks. The concept of manifest destiny seems to be simply one other present of energy. The American individuals were not desperate for this land, it was more of a novelty. By gaining this land, new natural resources could be gained, as proven by the gold rush in California in 1848. The people inhabiting these areas had been often not American, but British or Mexican in the case or the Oregon Territory or California, respectively. The completion of the continental United States was not motivated by the necessity to broaden, however for a desire of energy.

The time period manifest destiny refers to an inevitable occasion, however the expansion of America was really avoidable. At one time, politicians corresponding to President James K. Polk had been set on a division between the Oregon Territory and Canada on the line 54’40”. In fact, the term “54’40” or fight” was a popular campaign slogan for the election of 1844. When all was said and done, the boundary between the United States and Canada was drawn and the 49th parallel, a lot shorter than initially desired. Cuba was considered for buy from Spain in the 1850s, however eventually this was defeated by antislavery members of congress, as the good and cozy local weather and plantations already in existence there would benefit the south alone. Mexican land was also threatened following the war, as Americans captured Mexico City, and many Democrats hoped to realize all land underneath Mexico’s jurisdiction. In each of those instances, the chance existed to additional expand the United States, but extra aggressive measures weren’t taken. America did not should have any of this additional land.

I feel that the concept of manifest future is simply a method to rationalize the United States apply of imperialism in North America. None of the land gained in the 19th century was given to the U.S., it was taken utilizing drive and sometimes violence. Financial compensation is irrelevant considering wars took place to complete the southwest. The authorities was motivated by the facility that could probably be attained by increasing the size of the nation, motivating most of the decisions relating to territory on this time interval. Also, if the idea in manifest future had been held true, the United States would at present encompass much of Canada, Cuba, and Latin America., which is clearly not the case. The actions of our nation in the 19th century weren’t that of manifest future, but in fact aggressive imperialism.

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