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An Analysis of Freytag’s Five Steps in Shakespeare’s “The Tempest”

In this essay I will analyze William Shakespeare’s “The Tempest” using Gustav Freytag’s 5 phases that are: exposition, point of battle, rising action, climax, and denouement.  I will first begin with the exposition section.  The exposition part features a description of the chief protagonist and antagonist as well as a description of their battle and setting.  I may even pinpoint the inciting second, which is an incident that should happen for the story to occur. (www.reference.com)

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            The chief protagonist of the play is Prospero, the rightful duke of Milan.

  The primary antagonist is his brother, Antonio, the usurping duke of Milan.  Antonio overthrew Prospero and despatched him and his younger daughter Miranda out to sea.  They land on an island, which will be the central setting of the play, the place Prospero learns magic and frees a spirit named Ariel who’s indebted in servitude to him.  Prospero makes use of his magic to fire up a storm and moor a ship that his brother Antonio is on.

  Ariel makes certain that the occupants of the boat arrive on the island unscathed.  The inciting incident is the arrival of Antonio and the rest of his celebration on the island.  The primary conflict is between Prospero, who needs his dukedom reinstated, and Antonio, who wants the dukedom for himself.  Next, I will describe the rising motion within the play.

            The rising action consists of related secondary conflicts. (www.reference.com)The first of these secondary conflicts occurs between Antonio and Sebastian, the king of Naples brother, and Gonzalo, a counselor, and Alonso, the king of Naples.

  These gents had been touring together on the boat, however after they come to the island Antonio and Sebastian plan to homicide Alonso and Gonzalo in order that they will seize the facility of the crown for themselves.  Alonso believes his son, who had been touring with them as properly to be dead and Antonio and Sebastian see this as an opportunity to eliminate Alonso and usurp the crown.

  Alonso’s son Ferdinand actually isn’t useless and is busy falling in love with Prospero’s daughter while that is happening.  The final secondary conflict begins with Caliban, Prospero’s unwilling slave, and Stephano and Trinuculo, a jester and a drunken butler who had been touring with the celebration on the boat, assembly one another on the island and deciding to kill Prospero.  Ariel hears this and informs Prospero thus avoiding disaster.  Now, I will focus on the falling motion, climax, and denouement.

            The climax takes place in “The Tempest” when Prospero charms the party from the boat and Caliban, Stephano, and Trinuculo into immobility.  Prospero, who’s joyous at the considered his daughter’s upcoming marriage to Ferdinand, has a change of coronary heart and releases everyone from the spell.  They are all repentant and the falling motion happens at this point with a monologue from Prospero chastising the king of Naples and Antonio for the half the performed in the usurping of his dukedom.

He also chastises his slave and the butler and jester for trying to kill him.  The denouement encompasses the joyful marriage of Miranda and Ferdinand and the reinstatement of Prospero’s dukedom.  The play ends fortunately with the protagonist higher of on the finish than on the outset as a end result of it’s a comedy quite than a tragedy.  Thus, I even have analyzed “The Tempest” and have discerned Freytag’s five phases inside the play.

Bibliography

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