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An analysis of hamlets philosophy of life and demise in William Shakespeares Hamlet

Dylan Thomas once wrote “And dying shall don’t have any dominion”. William Shakespeare’s tragedy, Hamlet, is a provocative play that portrays how a younger prince struggles with his philosophy of life and demise after the death of his father. Hamlet, the prince, has bother overcoming his father’s passing as he also has to cope with its aftermath. The first downside Hamlet has to take care of is his mother Gertrude’s marriage to the newly appointed king, Hamlet’s uncle Claudius.

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Hamlet is disgusted by this, seeing it as “incestuous”(Shakespeare 1. 2.162) and begins to contemplate suicide as an different to coping with his problems. His robust angst toward the newly weds grows even more acute when Hamlet is visited by his father’s ghost and becomes aware that Claudius murdered his father. With this, he continues to struggle, asking himself which is easier, “to be or not to be”(3. 1. 64). After this, Hamlet’s outlook on life and demise is continually changing due to a collection of events until he involves the conclusion that individuals should “let be”(5.

2. 238) because “there’s a divinity that shapes our ends”(5. 2.11).

Thus, through Hamlet, Shakespeare presents the idea that there is a greater energy shaping everyone’s lives and it doesn’t matter what life throws at folks, they have to persevere and let occasions play out as destiny is in control. Hamlet has a really bleak outlook on life at the beginning of the play. He may be very emotional about his father’s demise and feels as if his mom and uncle’s marriage is “less than kind”(1.

2. 67). Hamlet finds the dying of his father very private and is greatly bothered by the reality that everyone appears to be faking their unhappiness instead of mourning correctly.

Furthermore, not solely are others not mourning, Gertrude and Claudius have the audacity to tell Hamlet to stop mourning as “all that lives should die”(1. 2. 74). This is the first issue that leads Hamlet to debate if suicide would “resolve”(1. 2. 134) the issues he’s coping with. He sees death as a method to relieve himself from his earthly issues, however realizes he shall be damned to hell if he commits suicide, as it’s a mortal sin. Thus, Hamlet is discouraged by all of the premature events that seem to come back one other the other and they seem to overwhelm hello.

Hamlet’s pessimistic view on life is again seen the night that he and his pal Horatio go to search out the ghost of Hamlet’s father. As they are ready, Hamlet tells Horatio how he believes everyone seems to be born with a “vicious mole of nature”(1. four. 27) that with “o’ergrowth”(1. 4. 30) causes people to be victims of destiny. Even if a person is genuinely “pure”(1. 4. 36), if their tragic flaw is unchecked, even the smallest amount of blemish the will trigger them to lose their “reason”(1. four. 31) and corrupt all their different virtues.

This brief, but wealthy passage once more display’s his pessimistic view on life, as he believes that a person’s destiny is unavoidable. Hamlet’s ideas on life and death seem to turn out to be much less pessimistic after he encounters his father’s ghost. At first, Hamlet is troubled as to whether the ghost is Satan or actually his father’s “spirit”(1. 4. 44), but follows he the ghost anyhow. He does this because he desires to consider it’s his “father’(1. four. 50) and does not think following will danger his life or trigger any hurt to his “soul”(1. four. 74).

Hamlet not wanting to risk his life shows how even though he desires to disappear, he nonetheless values his life. After Hamlet decides to “follow”(1. 4. 97) the ghost, the spirit reveals that he is the lifeless kind and he’s in purgatory because Claudius murdered him. This implies that Hamlet has to avenge his father’s death and so he makes an oath of vengeance, that he will kill Claudius to proper his father’s murder. This new goal provides Hamlet a cause to live, but because he believes he was “born to set it right”(1. 5. 211), he implies that after he does the deed, his life will be complete and he’ll die.

Hamlet’s new philosophy is guided by the oath of vengeance, because it gives him a objective in life, but a self-destructive one. Although Hamlet finds a model new purpose in his life, Shakespeare continues to show how Hamlet’s outlook on life is way from constructive. While talking to 2 old associates, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Hamlet acknowledges that he looks like he’s in “prison”(2. 2. 267). In the literal sense, Hamlet feels trapped in his house with Claudius, being the murderer of his father, and his mom abandoning him for that “adulterate beast”(1.5. 53).

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On a deeper degree, Hamlet is trapped inside his own thoughts, as he is continually fighting suicidal ideas and is also burdened with determining tips on how to avenge his father. He continues to see the world as a “foul”(2. 2. 326) place and finds others “a piece of work”(2. 2. 327). This exhibits how Hamlet’s pessimistic view of the world continues to be overwhelming, regardless of his newfound purpose to stay. Hamlet’s fatalistic view on life develops even further as he seriously contemplates suicide as soon as once more. The “question”(3. 1.

64) he ponders is whether it is extra noble to “suffer”(3. 1. 65) by way of life or to finish life’s hardships by killing oneself. He comes to the conclusion that he desires “to die”(3. 1. 72), but realizes that identical to “sleep”(3. 1. 72), demise just isn’t the top of all hardships. Hamlet is aware that suicide leads to damnation. It is this and the uncertainty of what comes “after death”(3. 1. 86) that scares Hamlet and makes him less enthusiastic about demise. Furthermore, he observes that the more he thinks about demise, the more cowardly he turns into and the much less he desires to kill himself.

Therefore, Hamlet’s need to kill himself is not nice sufficient for him to observe through with it, because the thoughts to what comes after death scares him too much. Even though Hamlet chooses life over demise, he still does not find life nice and desires he might simply disappear. Hamlet started off with a really bleak look on life and a skeptical view on dying, however when Hamlet is talking to Horatio, readers can see him begin to change his outlook to be much less pessimistic. He has critically contemplated the worth of residing twice and even though he has found new which means to his life, he nonetheless wants to cease to exist.

It is all of this that leads Hamlet to anticipate his demise throughout a dialog he has with Horatio. It is here that Hamlet thanks Horatio from the underside of his “heart”(3. 2. 78) for being so loyal to him. This second between the 2 characters, reveals that Hamlet is anticipating his personal demise and desires to make sure he Horatio knows that he was appreciated by Hamlet. The incontrovertible truth that Hamlet is expecting to die, reveals readers that the implication Hamlet makes when taking the oath of vengeance is right. He is convinced that his life will come to an finish after he avenges his father’s murder.

This exhibits how Hamlet is starting to suppose about how individuals cannot control our lives, however that everybody has a sure fate. This theme is further developed by way of Hamlet’s actions later on within the play. Even although Hamlet’s view on life and demise remains to be quite pessimistic, Shakespeare exposes Hamlet to the idea that people may not be in management of their destiny. Shakespeare does so by way of “The Murder of Gonzago”(2. 2. 564) the play Hamlet puts on, as Hamlet is aware that “the function of playing”(3. 2. 21) is to reflect actuality. With this in thoughts, Hamlet provides “some dozen or sixteen lines”(2. 2.567-568) to create a mirror image of his father’s murder throughout the play.

Hamlet does this to see if his uncle really killed his father, and determines that he does do to his reaction. The play discusses how individuals live their lives “determine[s] oft we break”(3. 2. 210). This concept connects back to Hamlet’s discussion with Horatio about people’s “vicious mole of nature”(1. four. 27) inflicting them to be a sufferer of destiny and builds upon that idea. The play also considers how, what someone desires to occur and what really occurs, are completely totally different; folks haven’t any control over their lives.

Thus, the play builds upon the concept that no matter what people do, their efforts will be overthrown, as they can’t management fate. This exposes Hamlet once again to this concept putting it in his sub-conscience to be seen further on within the play. Hamlet has now been exposed to the thought of destiny controlling people’s lives, however has not come to understand this for himself but. This is seen when Hamlet accidentally murders Polonius and nonetheless accepts responsibility for it despite the fact that Polonius was killed as a result of his tragic flaw, being nosy and boastful.

Polonius is killed after giving away his location whereas “intruding”(3. 4. 38) on Hamlet and Gertrude speaking. Since that is how he’s killed, it could presumably be expected that Hamlet would try to rationalize Polonius’s murder as it was his fate to die in that method. Instead of doing this, Hamlet’s sense of accountability for the dying of Polonius is at odds together with his cynical view that individuals are a victim of their destiny. This reveals that Hamlet is just beginning to understand the idea offered in the play.

Rather than rationalizing Polonius’s demise as one thing uncontrollable, he believes that he’s an agent of divine retribution and it was his obligation to kill Polonius. Thus, Hamlet twisted the words of the play and came to a unique conclusion than what the play presented. Either way, Hamlet’s philosophy on life and dying comes nearer to his last conclusion as he’s starting to comprehend that folks haven’t any control over their lives. Hamlet’s philosophy on demise is refined even additional when he’s confronted with the concept demise is in all probability not as big a deal as he makes it appear.

He is confronted with this concept when he comes across troops led by “Fortinbras”(4. 4. 15) going to “Poland”(4. four. 16) to struggle to “gain a little patch of ground”(4. 4. 19) that is useless to the troops. This puzzles Hamlet as a outcome of he sees it as illogical, as the men are preventing and not using a “cause”(4. 4. 29). He does not comprehend how so many people are willing to die for nothing, when for him dying is a really exhausting thing to return to phrases with. Shakespeare uses this scene to show Hamlet that dying is not as vital as he makes it seem, but somewhat insignificant within the big scheme of things.

Although he doesn’t grasp this idea instantly, it’s important in shaping his total view on life and demise on the end of the play. Thus, Hamlet is as quickly as once more uncovered to an outlook on life and demise that contrasts his personal and leads him to a new understanding about life and dying. The outlook Hamlet has on life and demise turns into extra optimistic as he has finally come to phrases with demise. Horatio has simply fetched Hamlet from a pirate ship bringing him again from his journey to England and they are in a graveyard near the castle.

They encounter a gravedigger and his associates and when the gravedigger digs up a “skull”(5. 1. 77) Hamlet reveals he’s now amused by dying, rather than afraid of it. He jests about what the skull may be and divulges he now grasps that life is a “fine revolution”(5. 1. 92). This shows how Hamlet has come to phrases with the reality that everyone dies and are all lowered to just “bones”(5. 1. 93). Instead of being bothered by this and continually combating dying, Hamlet has turn into allies with it, a sort of fatalism.

Despite this, Hamlet is not absolutely unaffected by dying, as he’s nonetheless emotionally touched by it when it is personal. This is seen when the cranium of “Yorick”(5. 1. 191), the old jester, is dug up. After seeing this, Hamlet beings once more to conceptualize how everyone is equal in dying as even “Alexander”(5. 1. 216) and “Imperious Caesar”(5. 1. 220) “returneth to dust”(5. 1. 217). Although Hamlet tries to rationalize Yorick’s dying, when he finds out that the grave being dug is for Ophelia, he can’t control his emotions any longer.

Once again dying impacts Hamlet and he’s overcome by “sorrow”(5. 1. 268) and “grief”(5. 1. 267). Thus, Hamlet has a model new fatalism about him, but demise still strikes him when it is private, which is continually seen through to the end of the play. Hamlet’s once pessimistic view on life and death takes a ultimate turn when he takes everything that has occurred and involves imagine that “providence”(5. 2. 234) controls life and demise. After the graveyard, Hamlet tells Horatio how he escaped the ship taking him to “England”(5. 2. 44) to be killed, by authority of Claudius.

The ship was beneath attack by pirates and earlier than leaping ship he wrote letters to have Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, who have been taking him to England, killed as an alternative of him. This huge escape, together with all of the events prior enable Hamlet to realize how insignificant everyone is in life. Hamlet now believes that regardless of what a person does, it won’t matter because “there [is] a divinity that shapes our ends”(5. 2. 11). This is seen when Hamlet admits that the deaths of “Guildenstern and Rosencrantz”(5. 2. 63) are “not close to [his] conscience”(5. 2. 65).

He rationalizes their deaths as a end result of they died within the strategy of ingratiating themselves to the “King”(5. 2. 43), their tragic flaw, and since providence is all the time in management, their deaths are out of Hamlet’s palms. This contrasts Polonius’s demise when despite the very fact that he died as a end result of his “vicious mole of nature”(1. four. 27), Hamlet nonetheless felt responsible since he did not yet consider fate controls every little thing. Furthermore, Hamlet solutions his personal query “to be or not to be”(3. 1. 64) with “let be”(5. 2. 238).

He recognizes that folks cannot live their lives afraid of dying as a result of “providence”(5. 2.234) has a hand within the smallest of issues. This philosophical look on life and dying reveals that Hamlet has accepted his destiny and is now able to die. Hamlet’s philosophical look on life continues till his dying moments. Since he has accepted his destiny, he stops excited about his actions and lives with the “readiness”(5. 2. 237) to die. He goes right into a fencing match with Laertes who is there to avenge Polonius’s death, understanding he may “lose”(5. 2. 223) but does so anyhow. Little does he know, Claudius and Laertes have made a plan to poison him with the sword or with a poisoned “chalice”(4.7. 183).

Hamlet is struck by the poisoned sword and is advised that he solely has “half an hour’s life”(5. 2. 346). It is with this that readers see Hamlet’s philosophical outlook prevail once more. After killing Claudius, the chief of this plan, he acknowledges that he only has a few moments to live and takes control. He just isn’t scared however quite calm and tells Horatio to “let it be”(5. 2. 370) and to reside his life and “tell [his] story”(5. 2. 384). Lastly, Hamlet passes on the dominion to “Fortinbras”(5. 2. 393) and recognizes that “the rest is silence”(5.2. 395);

Hamlet’s life is over. Thus, Hamlet’s philosophical look on life and demise goes hand in hand along with his dying, as he doesn’t battle it and he is well conscious that he’s dying and stays calm. This is a major contrast to how the play begins off when Hamlet is terrified to die, as he is afraid of damnation. Now, Hamlet is ready to die and is okay with dying “now”(5. 2. 236). Thus, Hamlet’s philosophy on life and demise has come full circle, as he started off very pessimistic and ended up with a reflective view on life and dying.

Shakespeare presents the idea that life and dying are out of people’s control and are formed by “providence”(5. 2. 324) via the character of Hamlet. Hamlet believes that life can’t be managed by individuals but rather, it’s controlled by God and destiny. He realizes that he mustn’t live his life in fear of death and many events lead him to be satisfied that it doesn’t matter what people do, the best way they die will still be controlled by a “divinity”(5. 2. 11). Although God plays some part in everyone’s lives, individuals can not rely solely on him to form their lives.

How a person lives does “determine”(3. 2. 210) how they die, but solely that person can form their own future. Every new generation is advised that the longer term is in their hands and this is very true. Everyone can make their life what they want it to be and no-one has to succumb to fate, but anybody can choose that path. People must be conscious that despite the actual fact that destiny and future could also be thought of real, everybody has the ability to shape their very own life.

Bibliography: Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. Eds. B. A. Mowat, P. Werstine. New York: Folger Shakespeare Library, 1992.

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