An Analysis of “Othello” by William Shakespeare

In the play “Othello” by William Shakespeare Iago plays the master manipulator and manages to deceive most of the different characters especially Othello and Cassio. It could be mentioned that his motives are based solely on his insecurities as a end result of fact his objective in the play was to ruin Othello’s life. He does this through the use of psychological manipulation on Othello’s thoughts and makes him consider that Cassio and Desdemona are keen on one another. Which mainly means that he targets anyone that brings out his insecurities, which gives him a purpose to lash out and kill or hurt these individuals, to make himself really feel better.

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In the beginning of the play Iago makes it appear as if his hatred in direction of Othello is as a outcome of he has made Cassio his lieutenant. As the play goes on you later realize that Iago’s hatred extends even more. “I hate the Moor, and it’s thought abroad that ‘twixt my sheets, he has carried out my workplace: I know not if’t be true, but I, for mere suspicion in that kind, will do as if for surety.

”. There appears to be some rumors about Othello and Iago’s spouse Emilia, the rumors are that Othello and Emilia have slept together. In the quote above he states that he doesn’t care if the rumors are true and that he’s going to proceed along with his plan as if they’re true.

Throughout the play Iago constantly reminds himself of why he’s focusing on Othello.

“I do suspect the lusty Moor, Hath leap’d into my seat: the thought whereof, Doth, like a toxic mineral, gnaw my inwards; And nothing can or shall content material my soul, till I am even’d with him, spouse for spouse.” His hatred in the path of Cassio is more directed. Iago hates Cassio because he has gotten the place of lieutenant even together with his lack of experience in the subject as he’s a more tactical creating strategies particular person. “More than a spinster, unless the bookish theoric”. Iago mainly states that Cassio’s lack of manliness add to his hatred in the direction of him.

Each particular person within the play get manipulated in a means that solely suits them. For example Roderigo is “blinded by his love for Desdemona, and is prepared to do anything to win her heat” this give Iago the advantage to take his weak spot and use it in opposition to him. As harmless as Iago’s phrases appear Othello lets Iago’s manipulative words counteract with his pondering and that is where you can say he has officially planted the seed making sure he has Othello’s ear. As Othello asks for proof Iago is as quickly as once more capable of manipulate Othello by making him hide and listen to a conversation Iago has with Cassio. “Now will I question Cassio of Bianca, A housewife that by promoting her needs, Buys herself bread and garments. It is a creature, that dotes on Cassio, as ’tis the strumpet’s plague, To beguile many and be beguiled by one. He, when he hears of her, cannot refrain, From the excess of laughter.

Here he comes.” Iago says this as quickly as Othello withdraws and as quickly as Cassio corners him begins discussing Bianca but allows Othello to imagine they are discussing Desdemona. He whispers so Othello would not hear him and by doing that he agitates Othello and that causes him to be delusional. As mentioned earlier than Cassio can be manipulated by Iago. The first way in which Cassio is deceived is when he get pressured into drinking after which starting a fight which consequently ruins Cassio’s popularity.” If I can fasten but one cup upon him, with that which he hath drunk tonight already, He’ll be as full of quarrel and offense, as my young mistress’ canine. Now my sick idiot Roderigo, Whom love hath turned almost the wrong side out, To Desdemona hath tonight caroused, Potations pottle-deep, and he’s to observe.

Three lads of Cyprus, noble swelling spirits, That hold their honors in a wary distance, The very elements of this warlike isle, Have I tonight flustered with flowing cups, And they watch too. Now ’mongst this flock of drunkards, Am I to place our Cassio in some action, That might offend the isle.” This is Iago’s soliloquy the place he truly reveals his manipulative facet. At first, Iago told Cassio he should drink on behalf of Othello although he knew that he didn’t need to and was not capable of it. Iago has manipulated Cassio to do one thing unethical. Othello and Cassio both get exploited by Iago as a end result of they each find honest, good friend and have a tough time judging character. Iago acts like he truly cares about Othello by giving him warning signs about Cassio. Iago also fools Cassio into thinking he cares whether or not he has a great time or not.

Another means Iago manipulates Cassio is when he vegetation the handkerchief in Cassio’s chambers. “I know not neither, I discovered it in my chamber. I just like the work properly. Ere it’s demanded, As like enough it will, I would have it copied. Take it and do ’t, and go away me for this time.”. Cassio says this when he gives it to Bianca. Cassio has no idea as to how the handkerchief received into his room. Iago left it there to set him up and make it appear as if he’s having an affair with Desdemona. Iago exploits Cassio’s limited knowledge since Cassio did not know that the handkerchief belong to Desdemona. In both situations Iago manipulates Othello and Iago by sugar coating the truth from them.

Iago does really feel higher after manipulating the characters within the story this is proven throughout the story as Iago manipulates and controls each different character so properly that they seem like puppets that he controls. At the end of the play, Iago’s manipulation has left a trail of destruction that has killed Othello and Cassio, as properly others and has destroyed the lives of many who stay. The motivations and concepts Iago has are very misleading and cunning, and his ability to affect is very wonderful. Iago’s actions define of a man who will cease at nothing till he exacts revenge on everyone who he feels has threaten him in a technique or another. Shakespeare has offered Iago as a form and noble soldier he has also been often known as sincere Iago, this displaying that everyone is not as what they seem on the outside. Already understanding that Iago has a hatred for his superior Othello and now Cassio “Thou told’st me thou didst hold him in thy hate,” Said Roderigo. “Despise me if I don’t,” Iago replies. This through the opening scenes in the play.

Iago fools Othello by providing “ocular” proof however didn’t permit him to pay attention or understand properly. As for Cassio, he used his friendship to plant the handkerchief. Both Othello and Cassio are naïve have a tough time judging character, are too proud to imagine that somebody is fooling them and their restricted data as to what was happening round them allows Iago to Successfully ultimately manipulate the mind of Othello and sent him insane and left Cassio in a scenario that he didn’t belong in. Othello and Cassio were both victims of Iago’s manipulation due to the reality that that they had one thing Iago didn’t.


William, S. (01.22.14). Othello. Great Britain. Oxford University.

Jonathan, L. (28.01.2010). How does Iago manipulate different characters in order to obtain his aims? Othello. Retrieved (02.27.2014), from

The Theme of Deception in William Shakespeare’s Othello. Retrieved (02.27.2014), from

Joshua, A. (2013). Protestant epistemology and Othello’s consciousness. Retrieved (03.01.14), from Gale Academic One File.

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