An Epitome of the Gothic Novel in “Dracula’ by Bram Stoker

Dracula, by Bram Stoker, is kind of the epitome of the gothic novel. Towards the start of the story, the setting takes place in an old and ominous citadel, which is extremely characteristic of gothic literature.

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Harker’s tribulation begins when “the driver was in the act of pulling up the horses in the courtyard of an enormous ruined castle,” (Stoker 18). There can additionally be a gloomy and menacing tone given to the setting of the novel, as in most pieces of gothic literature.

This gloom is obvious early on within the novel, as it reads, “Then a dog started to howl someplace in a farmhouse far down the road–a lengthy, agonized wailing, as if from concern. ”(Stoker 16). Also coinciding with the character of gothic novels is the ever reoccurring supernatural occasions, such as Count Dracula scaling the castle partitions, up-side down: “I saw the entire man slowly emerge from the window and begin to crawl down the castle wall over that dreadful abyss, face down, with his cloak spreading out round him like great wings.

” (Stoker 39). Another frequent theme of gothic novels is considered one of women in distress.

This theme is clear all through Dracula, as Lucy Westenra is in a constant battle for her life for many days. “She was ghastly, chalkily pale; the red appeared to have gone even from her lips and gums, and the bones of her face stood out prominently;” (Stoker 133). In novels the place there is a theme of good versus evil, there might be usually a “villain” with unwell intentions and a hero or heroin who tries to thwart the villain’s malevolent plans.

Dracula, by Bram Stoker, is a perfect instance of a “good versus evil” novel.

Stoker makes use of the Christian characters corresponding to Mina, Dr. Seward, Van Helsing, Harker, and others to painting the facet of good within the story. Dracula and his fellow vampires are depicted as the evil characters of the gothic novel. The novel begins with the evil Count Dracula holding Harker captive, so as to attain his final objective, to drink his blood. Harker states in his journal that he wishes to die somewhat than undergo the evil of the count’s wishes: “He may kill me, but demise now appeared the happier selection of evils,’ (Stoker 57). There is a continuing battle between the good and evil characters of this story to outlive.

As Dracula drinks the protagonists’ blood, he turns into stronger and revitalized. He is mentioned in renewed kind in Mina’s journal when it states, “’I consider it’s the Count, but he has grown younger. My God if this be so! ’” (Stoker 187). His transformation into a younger and more powerful being is determined by the carrying out of his devious plans. Lucy Westenra struggles to survive as Dracula slowly drains her life away to find a way to maintain his in good well being. Eventually the aspect of good prevails as in most “good versus evil” plots, and Dracula is defeated.

The death of the Count is finalized, because the novel states, “It was like a miracle, but before our very eyes, and virtually within the drawing of a breathe, the whole body crumbled into dust and handed from our sight. ” (Stoker 398). The entity of Dracula embodies many themes and motifs. He is a sign of pure evil, even taking the type of a devil-resembling man. Count Dracula’s features are described as devilish to begin with of the novel: “The mouth…with peculiarly sharp white teeth…his ears had been pale and on the tops extraordinarily pointed. ” (Stoker 22-23). Count Dracula additionally embodies sexual need and lust.

One can see his sexual facet and need being fulfilled as he forces Mina to drink his blood, resembling a unique swapping of physique fluids: “…his right hand gripped her by the again of the neck, forcing her face down on his bosom…a thin stream trickled down the man’s bare breast…” (Stoker 300). One may even enterprise to say that he portrays homosexuality. The Count desires to save Jonathan Harker as his own: “Back, I inform you all! This man belongs to me! ” (Stoker 44). He is a symbol of corruption, as he turns pure ladies into shameless, sexually hungry harlots.

Lucy’s transformation by Dracula into considered one of these creatures is portrayed by the phrases of Dr. Seward as he states, “The sweetness was turned to adamantine, heartless cruelty, and the purity to voluptuous wantonness. ” (Stoker 226). Lastly, Dracula embodies a logo of great and overwhelming power. Dracula proclaims his personal may as he declares, “My revenge is just begun! I spread it over centuries, and time is on my aspect. Your women that you all love are mine already; and thru them you and others shall yet be mine – my creatures, to do my bidding and to be my jackals after I need to feed. Count Dracula has a profound effect on all the characters in the work of literature. Jonathan Harker’s true determine and braveness is brought about to show that he’s greater than just a mere solicitor when he is confronted with the troubling dilemma of being trapped in a vampire’s citadel. His testomony that he’ll escape may be observed in his journal as so: “I shall not stay alone with them; I shall try to scale the castle wall farther than I have yet tried. I shall take a number of the gold with me, lest I need it later.

I might discover a method from this dreadful place. ” (Stoker 59). One can also observe the entire distraught the Count reeks on Harker. Mina’s diary reveals that he “raved of dreadful issues,” (Stoker 116). Lucy Westenra is affected at nice lengths also. Dracula causes her horrible nightmares, and transforms her goals into “a presage of horror,” (Stoker 138). Eventually the Counts consequence is so heavy upon her that she is reworked right into a vampire, “working wickedness by evening,” (Stoker 230). Dr.

Seward is perhaps revealed as very brave man via the actions of Count Dracula. His dedication to help save the life of the lady he liked and couldn’t have is commendable. His love is uncovered as he journals the entry, “No man knows till he experiences it, what it’s prefer to feel his own life-blood drawn away into the lady he loves. ” (Stoker 141). When one is dealing with a book about vampires, blood is clearly going to play a key position in the story. To Dracula, the blood is his supply of vitality, youthfulness, and nourishment.

He bites people and sucks their blood so as to fulfill his undying thirst. “The entire mattress would have been drenched to a scarlet with the blood the lady will must have lost… ” (Stoker 137). This quote refers to poor Lucy after Dracula has feasted on her blood in order to maintain himself and his needs. Humans then again don’t have to continually replenish their blood supply to stay nor is it a type of nourishment for them. However, it’s absolutely needed for them to live.

This is clear all through the novel as Lucy struggles for her life every time Dracula drains her blood. “Young miss is bad, very unhealthy. She needs blood, and blood she should have or die. ” (Stoker 135). In the novel, blood is not solely a means of life for the people but additionally a sign of love. Arthur proclaims his love for Lucy as he states, “My life is hers, and I would give the last drop of blood in my physique for her. ” (Stoker 134). The mentally disturbed Renfield sums up the significance of blood in the novel when he proclaims, “The blood is the life! ” (Stoker 155).

I believe Stoker selected to write Dracula by using letters and journal entries to provide readers an omniscient perspective while still permitting the story to be in first individual and for readers to really feel a way of empathy for the characters. One can perceive and relate to the true feelings of all of the characters and understand the authenticity of the story’s plot by way of the use of letters and diary entries. For instance, readers can understand Lucy’s true feelings for her fiance when she proclaims in a letter to Mina, “But, oh, Mina, I love him; I love him; I love him! (Stoker 63). The use of journal entries additionally allows for readers to eat multiple views of the identical scenario from separate characters. Stoker provides Dr. Seward and Van Helsing the essential professions of being men of medicine and science. This proves to be key in the battle to take care of Lucy’s life, as Seward and Van Helsing each use their medical experience and intelligence to aim to conquer her illness. Seward is wise, but not as good as Van helsing, who’s the spine of the life-saving effort.

Van Helsing uses his medical data and rapidly assesses what should be accomplished in order to save Lucy’s life by proclaiming, “There should be a transfusion of blood directly. ” (Stoker 134). Van Helsing’s knowledge of science also provides him insight into the realm of the supernatural. Although science and the supernatural are polar opposites, his expertise has taught him that both are equally prevalent in life. His knowledge of the upernatural can be observed as explains tips on how to kill Dracula: “Find this nice Un-dead and cut off his head and burn his heart or drive a stake via it, so that the world could rest for him. (Stoker 219). In Dracula, Christian mythology could be seen with an inverted twist. Count Dracula can be directly related to an inverted form of Christ himself, as Dracula is persecuted by those who wish to rid the world of his evil doings, and is finally impaled, referring to the crucifixion. The consuming of blood so as to sustain the vampires’ lives parallels inversely to that of the story of the last supper. As the vampires “must go on age after age including new victims and multiplying the evils of the world,” they only obtain bodily immortality (Stoker 230).

But the story of the last supper in the New Testament teaches us to drink the “blood” of Christ in order to attain non secular immortality and purify our souls. “He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has everlasting life, and I will raise him up in the final day” (John 6:54). This subversion of Christian “myth” is important as a end result of reveals the true tragedy of Dracula and the other vampires’ lives. They will never really be fulfilled as they go on being the undead, unlike those of the Christian religion who are spiritually fulfilled by the partaking of Jesus’ blood and life.

The major feminine characters of Dracula are Lucy Westenra and Mina Harker. These ladies are both famous for their innocence and intrinsic price as girls of there society. Mina is the purest and most submissive of the two, as she has solely needs to serve and love her husband Jonathan. Van Helsing credit her for these attributes as he says, “She is certainly one of God’s girls, fashioned by His personal hand to show us men and other women that there’s a heaven the place we will enter, and that its mild can be here on earth.

So true, so sweet, so noble, so little an egoist – and that, let me inform you, is way in this age, so skeptical and selfish. ”(Stoker 203). Lucy, however, has a more desirable bodily look and has a barely extra lustful and sensual facet to her. Early on within the novel she writes to Mina in a letter in regards to the three men who have proposed to her. Her virtually lustfully unattainable desire to have all of them is written in the letter: “Why can’t they let a girl marry three males, or as many as want her, and save all this trouble? ” (Stoker 66).

Her sexual side is amplified when she turns into a vampire, as she is seen attempting to seduce her fiance Arthur. She approaches him seductively and says, “Come to me, Arthur. Leave these others and come to me. My arms are hungry for you. Come, and we are in a position to rest collectively. Come, my husband, come! ” (Stoker 227). Minas importance as one of the major storytellers by way of her insightful diary and Lucy’s function as the damsel in distress makes them key factors in the growth of the plot in this novel. According to the novel, vampires are attracted by the blood of people.

It would appear as if the blood of the alternative gender is the most alluring, relying on the intercourse of the vampire. Dracula tends to hunt the feminine characters corresponding to Lucy, and the three vampire women have a strong attraction to the blood of Jonathan Harker. The vampires are extremely against gadgets such as a crucifix, or cloves of garlic. Lucy;s robust opposition to the crucifix may be when “Van Helsing sprang ahead and held between them his little golden crucifix. She recoiled from it, and, with a all of a sudden distorted face, stuffed with rage, dashed previous him as if to enter the tomb. (Stoker 227). In order to completely destroy a vampire, one must thrust a stake via its coronary heart. “Mr. Morris’s bowie knife plunged into the heart…the complete physique crumbled into dust and handed from our sight. ” (Stoker 398). Other precautions may also be taken to ensure the vampire’s dying: “I shall reduce off her head and fill her mouth with garlic,” (Stoker 216). Dracula nonetheless stays an icon in today’s society as many reveals and books such as Buffy the Vampire Slayer and the Twilight saga have captured the imaginations of many people.

The vampire figures in the Twilight novels are much like these in Dracula in that they’re both very engaging and alluring to the human race. Physically they’re very robust, and both need blood to maintain themselves. However, the vampires in Twilight may be both unhealthy or good. The good vampires select to not feed on the blood of humans but rather on that of animals, to find a way to maintain different humans from experiencing the cursed life that they’re damned to. Vampires in this novel are additionally restricted to their human types, and will not remodel into bats, wolves, or some other varieties.

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