An evaluation of the Feminism Theory

Belief in the social, political and financial equality of the sexes, the motion organized round this belief. Feminist concept is an outgrowth of the overall movement to empower ladies worldwide. Feminism can be defined as a recognition and critique of male supremacy combined with effort to change it. Simply saying: Feminist fights for the equality of ladies and argue that girls should share equally in society’s alternatives and scare sources.

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Goals of Feminism:

  • To reveal the significance of girls.
  • To reveal that historically ladies have been subordinate to males.

  • To result in gender equity.

Historical Perspective:

“Three Waves” of Feminism

  • First Wave (19th through early 20th centuries).
  • Second Wave (1960s-1980s).
  • Third Wave (1990’s-Present)

First Wave Feminism:

First-wave feminism refers to a interval of feminist exercise in the course of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. It targeted primarily on gaining the best of women’s suffrage. The term, “first-wave,” was coined retrospectively after the term second-wave feminism started for use to describe a more moderen feminist motion that centered as a lot on fighting social and cultural inequalities as further political inequalities.

Second Wave Feminism:

The “second-wave” of the Women’s Movement started in the course of the early Sixties and lasted throughout the late Seventies. Whereas first-wave feminism focused mainly on overturning legal (de jure) obstacles to equality (i.e. voting rights, property rights), second-wave feminism addressed a wide range of points, including unofficial (de facto) inequalities, official authorized inequalities, sexuality, household, the office, and, perhaps most controversially, reproductive rights.

Third Wave Feminism:

Third-wave feminism started within the early Nineties, arising as a response to perceived failures of the second wave.

and likewise as a response to the backlash in opposition to initiatives and movements created by the second wave. Feminist leaders rooted in the second wave like Gloria Anzaldua, bell hooks, Chela Sandoval, Cherrie Moraga, Audre Lorde, Maxine Hong Kingston, and heaps of different feminists of colour, sought to barter an area inside feminist thought for consideration of race-related subjectivities.

Types of Feminism:

Liberal Feminism:

  • All individuals are created equal and should not be denied equality of alternative due to gender.
  • Liberal Feminists focus their efforts on social change via the development of laws and regulation of employment practices.
  • Inequality stems from the denial of equal rights.
  • The main obstacle to equality is sexism.

Marxist Feminism:

  • Division of labor is said to gender position expectations.
  • Females give birth. Males left to help family
  • Bourgeoisie=Men
  • Proletariat=Women

Radical Feminism:

  • Male power and privilege is the basis of social relations.
  • Sexism is the ultimate word software used by males to keep ladies oppressed.
  • Women are the primary oppressed group.
  • Women’s oppression is the most widespread.
  • Women’s oppression is the deepest.

Socialist Feminism:

Views women’s oppression as stemming from their work within the family and the economy.

Women’s inferior position is the result of class-based capitalism.

Socialist believes that historical past may be made within the private sphere (home) not simply the public sphere (work).

Feminism and the Media:

The mass media have played an necessary function in the dilution of feminist targets and ideals. They typically ignore, trivialize, or belittle the ideas of feminism. The media employs several strategies or methods that contribute to the adverse representations of women and feminism, which are additionally damaging to the central targets of feminism. Women are often represented as sexual spectacles, as being “on display” for men. Patriarchal society dictates that girls be constructed as an object for the “gaze” of the male spectator. Women are positioned because the passive object of the male “gaze,” somewhat than the subject in mainstream media and are available to internalize this view (Dow, 1999; 1997; Wahers, 1992).

Wahers (1992) describes the “male gaze” as the thought of men determining the particular vantage level of media depictions of girls, as occupying a privileged area within the process-of contacting “ways of seeing.” Ways of seeing stays an necessary text for feminist cultural theorists who contend that women are forced to identify themselves inside in a visible society constructed for male pleasure (Walters, 1999; 1992).

Wolf (1992) means that women’s makes an attempt at attaining equality are negatively affected by images of women portrayed as sex objects. She discusses the concept of the “beauty myth,” which refers to how women’s societal price is predicated on bodily appearance and youthful beauty. Walters argues that “objectification of girls isn’t an ‘added-on’ attraction, but quite endemic to the very structure of image-making” (Walters, 1999, p. 235). This is exemplified in media advertisements where girls are frequently represented in what Wahers (1999) phrases a “fragmented” method. Women are often signified by their specific body components; their lips, legs, hair, eyes, etc., as a substitute of being represented as a critical “whole” or subject. In commercials women are urged to think about their bodies as “things” or “parts” that need to be molded and shaped into a male conception of female perfection. The fragmentation of the feminine body into physique parts that women ought to then “improve” usually results in girls having self-hating relationships with their our bodies.

Media Feminism in Pakistan:

“Muslim women type a highly diverse and sophisticated group and assumptions about them are often ill-conceived, miss-informed and grossly miss-represented. This is often mirrored in pictures of them, notably in the West, as oppressed, powerless and victimized. The voices of Muslim girls, striving to keep their spiritual identity in Western contexts, are seriously under-represented within academic research.”

In current years there was an rising interest in Islamic culture as a fundamentalist and sensationalist phenomenon. Media coverage and Western scholarship often views Muslim ladies as an oppressed mute victim and ‘asserts or implies that Islam itself oppresses women’. Islamic Feminism and Its

Role in Cinema is a study derived to counter react the portrayal of Muslim girls by the media.

Feminists and Muslim ladies activists have sought to determine the reason for discrimination against women by analyzing the effects on Muslim girls of patriarchy, kinship and norms inside Muslim and non-Muslim societies.

6 Overall trends within the revealed material concentrate on colonialism, Orientals and the media as the reason for discrimination against the Muslim woman’s id. An intensive examine of the research literature has didn’t determine how Muslim ladies filmmakers characterize Muslim ladies and whether they support feminist agenda.

Critical Analysis: Movie Name: “Dragon Seed” (1944)

Dragon Seed is co-directed by Harold S. Bucquet and Jack Conway. It obtained two Academy Award Nominations for Best Supporting Actress, Aline MacMahon, and for Best (Black-and-White) Cinematography, Sidney Wagner. The freewheeling plot has a heroic young Chinese feminist lady, Jade (Katharine Hepburn), who goes dressed as a man to steer her fellow peaceable farmer villagers in an rebellion against the Japanese invaders.

It opens in the spring of 1937 with patriarch Ling Tan (Walter Huston) and his family planting rice in the valley of Ling, China. The farmers are concerned concerning the latest Japanese invasion of the north, and take out their anger on Wu Lien–as an angry scholar mob insists that he stop selling Japanese merchandise or else. When he refuses their demands, they destroy his retailer.

Soon after the farmers observe Japanese airplanes bombing the nearby city. The pacifist Ling is shocked by the assault, however together with Lao San and eldest son Lao Ta (Robert Bice) decide to stay on their farm regardless of the anticipated risks of a Japanese invasion. While Lao Er and Jade join a resistance group of refugees within the hills. Upon their departure the Japanese Army takes over the valley, and Lao Ta’s wife Orchid is raped and killed by the invading soldiers, who also kill Wu Lien’s aged mom. Ling and his spouse stay secure as they go into hiding. This cruelty drives the remaining sons of Ling to join the resistance.

In the conclusion, Ling must settle for that he should destroy his land in order that he can sacrifice his current gains to make sure the method ahead for his grandson. When Jade and hubby rejoin the resistance fighters within the hills to ensure a Free China, they go away their son the, “seed of the dragon,” within the care of his loving grandparents.

The story of this film showed that how the brave ladies struggles and battle for his or her nation, she appears as a caring mother, a loving and trustworthy spouse and a real patriot. The film reveals that how the heroic young Chinese lady leads her fellow villagers in an rebellion towards Japanese Invaders. This film truly mirror the feminism concept.

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