Analysis “Heart of Darkness” by Joseph Conrad

Heart of Darkness is a novella written by British-Polish novelist Joseph Conrad in 1899. Marlow, the narrator of the novel tells his story to the friends on a ship on the River Thames. Marlow tells a narrative about his early life as a boat captain. While narrating his story, Marlow can be seen describing the existence of imperialism in the Congo region in Africa by way of various means. He could witness the natives struggling in the hand of European corresponding to Kurtz. All the while describing his journey to Congo, we’re capable of finding many features which function the helping hand to the imperialistic beliefs similar to, European hypocrisy nature, they came to Congo within the name of civilization however ended up exploiting them, the mentions of the ancient roman conqueror and the primary intention of them being extracting the ivory and finally the shabby treatment meted out to the black crew by the white males.

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First of all, in the novel the European states that their major intention to return to Congo is to immerse the natives with the light of civilization.

However, their activity neglects to reflect their expressed intention of civilization since they take ivory from them by drive and treat them inhumanly, which make it evident the presence of imperialistic ideals. Trivedi (2016, p.1) claims that ‘Conrad portrays how European are hypocrites for they claim to be going on a colonial journey to convey enlightenment to the ignorant, but their sole function is greed’. In Heart of Darkness, European dominion is to its most extreme diploma within the concept of hypocrisy of Belgium imperialism.

Kivett, (2017, p.3) asserts that it is clearly seen that in the name of civilizing the people, misuse and mistreatment had been going on. Over the span of civilization, European imperialist were leaving their ethnic moral and changing into savage themselves. Joseph Conrad attempts to disclose the hypocrisy of imperialism, since its pioneer underline the significance of serving to natives, while actively misusing them. (2017, p.3). Thus, the imperialism beliefs in the Heart of Darkness was clearly visible due to hypocrisy nature shown by Europeans.

Moreover, subject of imperialism is launched to us in the absolute starting point of novel when Marlow mentions about the Roman historic conquerors. Ancient Roman conqueror were beast and triggered quite a few cruelties to English. Their conquest was ‘Robbery with violence’. They caught, ruined and shed heaps of blood all over. Rawhi (2014, p.5) states that ‘Marlow wishes to say that conquest could be excused provided that the conquest carried out some constructive work’. In the novel, ivory was the primary reason behind white males coming to Congo Region. The white males were brute and forceful, their primary intension was to use the ivory from the natives (Sen, 2007, p.8). All the people have been obsessed with the thought of the ivory within the novel. Mandsell (1991, p.205) asserts that the ivory within the novel symbolize the white men’s greed and their attitude in the path of the native. It turns into a source of acquire for them. According to Raskin, ‘ivory is the driving pressure behind the denaturalization of the jungle’. Therefore, Marlow mentioning of roman historical conqueror and the European coming to Congo to exploit the natives for ivory make it evident the presence of imperialism within the region. (1967, p.113).

Besides, the shabby remedy, the black native received from European fulfill one of the features of imperialist ideals. White males were discovered quite indifferent to the black and tortured them mercilessly. Had they been there to civilize and educate the natives then torturing them would have been out of the query. According to Ruman, (2013, p.25) the petty black criminals were generally bare and have been shifting like ants. Besides, about half a dozen of men have been tied to each other. They were the image of disease and starvation within the Congo.

One such cruel and evil perspective is proven by Kurtz, who represents the Europeans. He was not solely possessed by evils however he became an embodiment of evil. Conrad (1902, p.62) asserts that ‘it was sheer robbery with violence, aggravated murder on a fantastic scale and men going at it blindly’ Arnesor (1984) states that ‘Heart of Darkness, portrays how the European people assume themselves to be ‘civilized’ and regard the black individuals of darkish continent to be ‘uncivilized’ ‘. Thus, this perspective of Europeans shows them to be ‘savage’ rather than ‘civilized’. Their greed to take benefit of the Congo natives in the name of civilization and the ill remedy in the course of the native reveals the imperialism beliefs.

To conclude, the novel Heart of Darkness explores the theme of imperialism. It exhibits how the European tortured the natives of Congo in the name of civilization, while their hidden agenda was to extract ivory for their very own profit and exploit the natives. Marlow, one of the character in the novel refers in regards to the historic roman conqueror and describes how brutal and violent they had been whereas colonizing. European not only confirmed their hypocrite quality but their sick therapy in the course of they individuals of Congo area confirmed all of the imperialistic beliefs in the novel.

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