The poem we now have been analysing in school, Dulce et Decorum Est, was written by a man named Wilfred Owen. Wilfred Owen was a soldier in the first world struggle and was born on the 18th of March 1893, and died on the 4th of November 1918, per week before the tip of the primary world struggle.
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In this poem, Owen’s goal is to indicate the horror and reality of struggle, and to set this horror in opposition to the way in which struggle was typically glorified.
His objection, the glorification of warfare is reflected within the title, “Dulce et Decorum Est” This is translated as “It is nice and glorious”. Wilfred Owen uses this as a form of irony, to attract in the reader’s attention. It was especially meant for an additional struggle poet, Jesse Pope.
She wrote about all the nice and positive reasons for war, and tried to encourage men to go and fight for his or her country. You can easily feel how Wilfred Owen felt concerning the first world warfare. His use of adjectives like “bitter”, “helpless” and “smothering dreams” and the use of imagery, give us a transparent image of what it was like. These words are used to convey the ugliness, fear, poignancy and the ache of the struggle. Wilfred Owen makes use of clear tones throughout the poem assist us to grasp how he felt, and why he felt this manner. In most of the poem, the tone is kind of indignant, because of the selection of phrases and how they’re used.
Owen offers us graphic descriptions, speaking in a very direct and straight ahead method. His use of the word “you” in the third stanza, emphasizes my level clearly. He uses this to draw us in, and to make us really feel how he felt.
Not only does he make us really feel how he felt, however the poet makes us use our senses. He makes us hear this one man dying, struggling for life. He makes us style the bitterness of warfare, and the truth of it. All of these methods are used in the poem, as a outcome of he needs us to be shocked on the actuality that he’s presenting. In his illustration of struggle, Owen describes an incident of exhausted soldiers trudging by way of the mud, clearly unhappy and really tired. They are all leaving the entrance line in order to rest for a while in a safer place. Before this could happen the group get attacked by a sea of gasoline. Owen explains how one soldier is late in placing on his masks. Wilfred Owen describes the signs proven by this man as the poison slowly kills him. He then tells us how this man “plunges” at him, “guttering, choking, drowning”.
Owen is helpless; he can’t do anything to save this man’s life. This man is eternally haunting his dreams. Wilfred Owen then says “My good friend you wouldn’t inform with such excessive zest” So, directly talking to us, and Jesse Pope, or anybody who thinks that struggle is nice or superb, that it’s truly a lie! The poet then repeats the title as “the old lie”: “Dulce et Decorum Est Pro patria mori”. The full translation of that is “It is nice and superb to die for one’s country”.
In Stanza 1, I have already briefly talked in regards to the distinction between the title of the poem and the actual poem itself. It’s ironic. When we think of the title we imagine men with excessive spirits, willing to struggle for their country, not “old beggars under sacks”, smelly and soiled, with the load of the warfare weighing them down. In an prompt we begin to realise that struggle isn’t candy or superb.
The word “beggars” implies that perhaps the soldiers have been of low ranks. That they’ve all, it does not matter what rank, have been lowered to a fundamental human degree, dependant on others for their survival. “Sacks” are like rags; this gives the look that the troopers haven’t even been given enough heat clothing. All this imagery creates sympathy for the troopers and uses an image that you might be able to narrate to. The rhythm in the first stanza is gradual, with a lot of commas. Owen makes use of punctuation like this as a result of he desires you to see warfare for what it is.
The use of commas, gradual what you may be reading down, and making it longer, as in case you are walking/trudging alongside these tired troopers. As the stanza goes on Owen shortens the sentences, they’re getting slower and slower, emphasizing the soldiers exhaustion. Also the phrases “trudge” and “sludge” give a heavy sound and feel to the poem, as should you can hear the soldier’s heavy footsteps. The final line of the first stanza, Wilfred Owen uses alliteration, “gas shells dropping softly behind”, the repeated “S” sound, the sibilant “S”, makes a soft and smooth sound, like a lullaby, slowly easing you to sleep. This hints at what the troopers really feel like, drained and exhausted. Owen makes use of this for a contrast within the next line.
“Gas! Gas!” this is extra highly effective and contrasting method used right here to create an environment of panic and horror. The use of exclamation marks right here also painting a scene of panicking and rushing. Owen uses direct speech right here to attract us in and to talk to us, which is totally different from the first stanza where Owen uses the past tense. The imagery here is really engaging; it provides us the sense of dashing “to fit the clumsy helmets”.
The word “clumsy” is a use of personification. It’s as if the helmets had been preventing in opposition to the troopers. Personification is helpful, because you possibly can relate to a human experience/image. Floundering is a powerful verb; It provides you a clear image of this man struggling for all times. Wilfred Owen also uses an prolonged metaphor of the sea, providing you with a clear and a visible picture of this battle. “As beneath a green sea, I noticed him drowning”. An extended metaphor retains the picture going. “plunges”, “guttering, choking, drowning” are all related to the sea, so due to this fact an prolonged metaphor.
Also the words “guttering, choking, drowning” are a form of onomatopoeia, Owen makes us use our senses, to pay attention to this man’s suffering. As if we were there. The poet makes use of the adjective “green”, this color is often related to evil, that is used to make the readers think that everything that is going on is evil and wrong. “In all my goals, before my helpless sight” it is a fairly stunning sentence to make use of. Wilfred Owen has obviously been scared by this man’s dying, not one but “all” of his dreams re haunted by this man dying in front of his sight. This creates a sense of horror and sympathy for Wilfred Owen and all the men who suffered like this.
It is clear in the third stanza, that struggle disgusts Wilfred Owen. The adjectives he uses emphasize his opinion; adjectives like “vile”, “obscene” and “bitter”. These are all very harsh phrases to make use of, but all portray his opinion clearly. The imagery Owen additionally uses on this stanza gives the look that war is disgusting. The simile “like a devil’s sick of sin” reveals Owen’s absolute disgust, you probably can feel that as well. This simile implies that struggle is the work of the satan, and even he’s sick of it! Another poetic approach used in this stanza is the alliteration of the letter “W”-“Watch the white eyes writhing in his face” You can’t exactly say it shortly so you have to say it slowly so you can think about it, and realise the horror and actuality of what is happening.
The tone all through this stanza is offended and harsh; this displays Wilfred Owen’s ideas and feelings about war. “Dulce et Decorum Est Pro patria mori” is a lie and Wilfred Owen is disgusted by it! A capital L is used to make the lie essential, and a colon is used to introduced the unforgivable lie, it is also used to make us stop and give it some thought before we say it. Wilfred Owen makes use of a fantastic depth of feeling in this poem, he makes use of emotive language and his private impression and traumatic experience of war impacts the convincing and clear message of the devastation of war! Comparison of two war poems
(Dulce et decorum est and Suicide within the trenches)
As a comparison to the poem by Wilfred Owen, we’ve been learning “Suicide within the trenches” by the warfare poet, Siegfried Sassoon. “Dulce et Decorum Est” and “Suicide in the trenches’” themes are related. They both are in regards to the actuality and harshness of war. Unlike “Dulce et Decorum Est”, from the title “Suicide in the Trenches” you probably can determine that the title is about death, to be specific a suicide.
The word Siegfried Sassoon uses in the title, suicide, may imply a quantity of various things. Maybe it could mean that going to warfare is suicidal, or principally that somebody commits suicide in the trenches. It’s different to “Dulce et Decorum Est” because it isn’t ironic and Sassoon really tells you what occurs, he puts you straight, while Owen leaves you thinking about the theme and message of the poem. The poem, like “Dulce et Decorum Est”, focuses on the dying of 1 soldier in the First World War. Sassoon describes this younger man’s life before the struggle, and how “simple” it was, and the way happy he was with it.
The poet then goes to talk about the warfare, and the horror of it. It’s as if Sassoon is making a listing of all that is mistaken and unhealthy concerning the struggle, however mainly what’s incorrect with the trenches. In the second stanza he stresses the awful well being circumstances, loneliness, patriotism, and the shortage of assets the troopers faced within the trenches. Siegfried Sassoon’s use of the word “and” in the second stanza is as if he is building as a lot as the point the place this man can’t take any extra of it, so he commits suicide. Sassoon then speaks on to us, like Wilfred Owen in “Dulce et Decorum Est”, each poets are disgusted by this struggle, however mostly by the people who cheer and help the troopers. In a way, they both makes us really feel responsible about it.
In the first stanza, Siegfried Sassoon uses the adjective “simple” to describe the soldier’s life earlier than the warfare. He led a “simple” life, however was satisfied with it. The adjective “simple” may have additionally been used to point that this was a boy, “simple” and naïve. The poet additionally says “who grinned at life in empty joy”. This means that this “boy” didn’t have many goals in life, and didn’t let anything really trouble him. This may additionally imply that he was from a working background, like a farm. The sentence “And whistled early with the lark” suggests that he needed to stand up early, like a farmer. Unlike “Dulce et Decorum Est”, the first stanza in “Suicide in the Trenches” is type of optimistic.
Sassoon makes use of words like “joy”, “grinned”, and “slept soundly”. Sassoon additionally uses open vowels, “boy” and “joy”, which are mild phrases to say. All these phrases accentuate his freedom and happiness. Siegfried Sassoon makes use of these explicit words for a distinction in the next stanza, the place all these adverse and heavy words are used. The poet does this contrast to toy with our feelings. The poet also may need accomplished this to emphasize the harshness and actuality of struggle, and how completely different it is to this boy’s easy but satisfied life.
In the second stanza, Sassoon makes use of the rhyming couplet “glum” and “rum”. These are fairly heavy phrases, and not like the open vowels used within the first stanza. Siegfried Sassoon makes use of these to emphasize the soldiers, how “glum” and weary they have been, and to focus on how tiring and difficult it was for them. The words “lack of rum” might imply two issues; that actually there was no rum, or he was less energetic, as a end result of rum dulls the senses. Maybe with out it he can’t cope. I have stated earlier than that Sassoon’s use of the word “and” and his lack of punctuation in the first two strains to tug the sentences on, and that makes it longer, and makes it sound longer too. In a method Sassoon is increase all the horrible issues to the purpose where this younger man can’t take any more of it.
This creates sympathy for the troopers who faced situations like this. Siegfried Sassoon solely makes use of two lines to painting the circumstances of warfare, while Wilfred Owen makes use of many extra strains and makes it longer and extra detailed. In the third line of the second stanza, the sentence “He put a bullet via his mind.” Finishes with a full cease. The full cease used here highlights the fact that this man’s life has ended. His life, like the sentence, has come to a stop. Sassoon makes use of punctuation here, to stop and make you consider what has actually simply occurred. The next line “No one spoke of him again.” Is a change in the rhythm.
Throughout the poem up to now, there was eight syllables in each line, but when we get to this sentence there is solely seven syllables. Sassoon changes the rhythm here to stress the very fact there isn’t any need to talk of this man again. Although, the change in rhythm could also mean that individuals are in a way ashamed to speak of this man again, as a outcome of he dedicated suicide, everybody overlooks him as a coward. The poet makes use of a full cease right here as well, to make the reader cease and acknowledge what has just occurred.
The third stanza is like the last stanza in “Dulce et Decorum Est”. The poets speak directly to us and inform us how they feel about the war, and how disgusted they’re by it. The tones utilized by both the poets within the last stanza are somewhat sympathetic but really offended, this illustrates their actual feelings of struggle. The tone used can be kind of disgraced, as if Sassoon is ashamed of crowd of individuals cheering at these younger lads. It makes us take into consideration what we think of war, and makes us query ourselves on our opinions and so on. When Sassoon uses the metaphor “hell” he is describing warfare as “hell”. This provides a clear and evident picture to relate to. Wilfred Owen also makes use of the image of hell in “Dulce et Decorum Est” too. This image makes the reader understand that struggle is a hellish and horrible place. When Siegfried Sassoon says “youth and laughter” he’s trying to get the image across that these are younger “lads”. He makes use of words like “simple”, “lads”, “boy”, “youth and laughter” to underline that these had been naïve insecure kids.
It is obvious that Siegfried Sassoon disapproves of the reality that kids of fighting in this hellish place. Wilfred Owen also does this in “Dulce et Decorum Est”. Wilfred Owen says “My pal you wouldn’t inform with such high zest to youngsters ardent for some desperate glory, the old lie” Siegfried Sassoon uses the word “kindling”, to explain the “eye(s)” of the “smug-faced crowds”. Sassoon tries to indicate with a sarcastic tone that they suppose struggle is a glorious factor, that they feel proud of these youngsters, and seem to grasp and respect what they are doing. But in actuality, they’ll by no means think about what these children are going through, and in reality, they don’t care or really feel appreciative of what the kids did. Therefore, the word kindling reveals the hypocrisy behind people who assist warfare.
The structure of this poem is different to “Dulce et Decorum Est”. Sassoon uses rhyme and rhythm to make the poem sound gentle and bouncy. He not only does this to make it extra memorable, but he does this to emphasize the distinction of what the “smug-faced crowd’s” impression and enthusiasm in direction of struggle, and what the reality and harshness of warfare really is. Siegfried Sassoon also may of used the rhyme and rhythm like this, as a result of it type of like a children’s poem. He may have carried out this to accentuate the naive younger man’s dying.
“Dulce et Decorum Est” was dragged out extra, and longer. The rhyme is completely different and wasn’t as noticeable as “Suicide in the Trenches”. Also in “suicide within the trenches”, Sassoon stresses all the good and jolly words in stanza one, to mirror the boy’s happy/joyful life. In stanza two although, Sassoon stresses all of the dangerous and unfavorable phrases to level out the awful circumstances. This makes you, as a reader, feel the sympathy for the soldiers.
After reading and analysing each the poems, I choose “Dulce et Decorum Est”. I like this poem better, because the poet used very detailed imagery. Wilfred Owen describes the scene extra, and describes the soldiers as well. I had extra pictures to narrate to, and that helped me to know the poem’s message, and poet’s feeling and what he was attempting to place throughout.
I also like the thought that Wilfred Owen didn’t give a lot away to what the poem was about, and left you pondering and wondering after studying the title. Although the rhyming in “Suicide in the Trenches” is more memorable, I like the fact that in “Dulce et Decorum Est”, you don’t really recognize the rhyme at first. But I do like the poem “Suicide in the Trenches”, however I felt it simpler that Wilfred Owen makes use of his personal traumatic experience to clarify what warfare is definitely like.
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