How does Euripides use Juxtaposition to challenge Gender Norms
Euripides play, Medea, tells the tale of patriarchal values. Medea is portrayed as a strong, unbiased character, capable of making her own selections. However, there are times when she is proven as a hysterical female, whose actions are irrational. While pursuing her ambition, Medea disregards many valued characteristics of women. She also contrasts Jason’s beliefs and values. In Medea, Euripides develops two contrasting characters that juxtapose each other and problem society’s perception of acceptable feminine behaviour.
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Euripides doesn’t immediately introduce Medea at the beginning of the play.
Instead, the Chorus and Nurse tell of her first. By doing so, he allows the audience to misconceive of how much energy a girl can hold. Initially, Medea is proven as submissive and emotional, which is demonstrated by her fast and heartfelt response to the occasions happening, as proven all through her actions. She proceeds to take the lives of her kids and others in response to Jason leaving her.
As a outcome, Euripides creates a way of pity for Medea, causing sympathy for her, as a substitute of fear of her. While writing Medea, Euripides pushes aside the social norms set by abandoning the everyday gender roles of Ancient Greek society.
The protagonist of the play, Medea, is a dynamic character and undergoes many changes that assist contribute to her general character improvement. In contrast to this, the antagonist of the play, Jason, is a static character who undergoes little to no change throughout the course of the play. Both Medea and Jason are character foils of every other. However, Medea’s robust willed and highly opinionated character creates battle. The most notable traits that Medea withholds are pride and greatness. Euripides usually plays with the thought of greatness within his works, and in Medea particularly, he shows that Medea does have a few of the great makings of a hero. However, he reveals a distorted and imperfect thought of these traits. Without a doubt, Medea does possess qualities corresponding to intelligence and self indulgence, but these qualities are often decreased. This is what turns her into a monster. Pride is also a attribute that Medea holds, and it’s carefully connected to greatness. Pride could be considered a psychological weak point. to suffer the mockery of my enemies is one thing I will not tolerate as said by Medea shows that satisfaction is her biggest asset and will in the end trigger her downfall. Likewise, to greatness, delight can additionally be shown as distorted and blemished. There is satisfaction gained from watching Medea exact her revenge, but this satisfaction is taken is perverse type.
Medea’s delight pushes her to perform acts which are unnecessary, brutal and a large sense of waste. Medea does exact her revenge, but she additionally takes it one step further by murdering her own children. Here, using the distorted attribute of satisfaction, Euripides reveals that a lady is simply condescended for her sex, and is otherwise much less superior to these round her. Alongside possessing greatness and delight, Medea is also a lady of maximum emotion and behavior. It is obvious that she has a passionate love for Jason, so passionate that she is willing to sacrifice her children, and perform unacceptable acts on his behalf, such as stealing the Golden Fleece. Her violent and short-tempered heart is devoted to solely Jason, and now she has her heart set upon his destruction. Furthermore, Medea also possesses qualities that make her seem nearly animalistic and savage. There are many parallels drawn between her and wild animals to painting her as wild. You hellhound, you tigress, and Bullglares, lions claws are both comments which might be purposeful in highlighting the animalistic aspect within Medea.
By evaluating her to wild animals, Euripides is additional growing her compelling persona and presence in the play. In distinction to the character of Medea, Jason is shown as meeker and extra fragile and values the tactics of reasoning over actions. For instance, Jason tries to reason with Medea to win her belief again. Although Jason uses the techniques of manipulation time to time, he’s also proven as sympathetic in course of Medea. Even although Medea is irrational and offended in the path of him, he still presents her supplies similar to food and shelter. Medea scorns this offer as anticipated of her. Ultimately, Jason can be proven as submissive. And simply so that you know- I’ve been your advocate with him as a end result of I needed you to remain. But might you cease your rant in opposition to the king? You’ve brought exile together with your foolish mouth. This comment exhibits that Jason is shifting the blame in path of Medea herself, stating that she is the cause as to why she is being banished. He refuses to just accept the results of his actions. Furthermore, Jason is portrayed as a weak, static character. He undergoes little to no change all through the play, and he can be thought-about a two-dimensional determine.
This conflicts with Medea’s character as a outcome of Jason lacks any manly characteristics, whereas Medea withholds qualities that might not be correlated with girl on the time. After all, murder just isn’t an act related to women.Medea repeatedly doubts and challenges theIn conclusion, Euripides uses juxtaposition between the characters Jason and Medea to challenge the gender norms that had been related to women and men in Ancient Greek society. By purposely selecting particular traits such as pride and greatness to associate Medea with, and submissive and weak to associate Jason with, Euripides is displaying that gender norms do not essentially have to suit with the suitable gender. There can be outliers, and these outliers may help create a way of revolt within the context of the play.