In the start look the typical individual would possibly suppose that the phrases jealous and envious can be utilized interchangeably, since they’re synonyms, nevertheless should you stop and consider these two words you’ll uncover that they aren’t all that interchangeable. When it involves deciding what phrases are kept in a language and what words are finally modified by more effective words, a linguist knows that a language can only stand to maintain words that talk something and which are efficient because communication course of.
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Due to the truth that a language just retains words which are want to speak something that is distinct to that word I believe that the English language would not keep envious and envious if the 2 words communicated the very same exact message. In the very first half of this paper I will analize the word envious and the way it is utilized in literary examples.
Then within the second half of this paper I will look at the word envious and how it is used in literary texts.
When I even have examined both of phrases I will then compare how the 2 words range in their usages. The that means of the word jealous is, “Feeling, expressing, or recognized by envy.” (American Heritage ® Dictionary) I don’t assume that you could actually define a word by utilizing the word within the which means so I want to embody the meaning of envy since I really feel prefer it correctly specifies envious, the adjectival type of envy, additionally.
The dictionary defines envy as, “A feeling of discontent and bitterness excited by and along side desire for the ownerships or qualities of another.”
(American Heritage ® Dictionary) The etymology of the word envy is that it originates from “Middle English envie, from Old French, from Latin invidia, from invidus, jealous, from invid [pic] re, to take a look at with envy.” (American Heritage ® Dictionary) I believe that the invariant significance of the word envious is to need one thing, whether it is concrete or intangible, that someone else has. In the copying I evaluate whether or not the thing of envy is a concrete merchandise, and I additionally take a look at the possibility of whether the envy is in a resentful way. I take a glance at those 2 particular things since in the beginning look I thought that envious might be marked for amongst these things.
Example one: “At times he regarded the wounded solders in an envious way. He conceived individuals with torn bodies to be partially joyful. He wished he, too, had a wound, a [little] red badge of courage.” (Crane 51) In this first instance the audio system is envious of how happy the soldiers are. He is envious of one thing that is intangible and it’s of something that he wants to have. I don’t assume that the speaker is resentful of the soldiers, however I would say that happiness is one thing that he desires.
Example two: “She went up to London last winter with her mamma, and there everybody admired her, and a younger lord fell in love with her: but his relations have been in opposition to the match; and- what do you think?—he and Miss Georgiana made it as a lot as run away: but they were found our and stopped. It was Miss Reed that discovered them out; I consider she was envious; and now she and her sister lead a cat-and-dog life collectively; they are at all times quarrelling.” (Bronte 92) In this example Miss Reed is envious of the relationship or love that Miss Georgiana has with some guy. I think that Miss Reed is somewhat resentful on this example and that she desires to have a relationship, which is one thing intangible, with a man too. Example three: “Margaret found a spot as nursery governess, and felt rich with her small wage.
As she mentioned, she was ‘fond of luxurious,’ and her chief hassle was poverty. She found it harder to bear than the others, as a outcome of she could remember a time when home was beautiful, life full of ease and pleasure, and want of any kind unknown. She tried to not be envious or discontented. But it was very natural that the younger lady ought to long for pretty things, gay associates, accomplishments, and a cheerful life.” (Alcott 34) In this instance Margaret has a want for the good issues and she is paying homage to a time when she had these things. Margaret wants one thing tangible on this example and I think there is sort of a felling of resentment at the fact that she doesn’t have these “things.”
Example 4: “Noirtier indicated by a glance a tray on which have been standing a decanter of lemonade and a glass. Noirtier himself had drunk a few of the lemonade half an hour before. ‘Have a few of the lemonade, Borrois,’ the lady mentioned. ‘I can see you’re looking at it with envious eyes.’ ‘The reality is, mademoiselle, I am dying of thirst, and I shall be solely too glad to drink your health in a glass of lemonade.” (Dumas 454) In this example Borrois desirers to have some of the lemonade which is something tangible. I don’t assume that there’s any sort of resentment however just a strong desire to have one thing that isn’t his or her’s. The definition of the jealous is, “Resentful or bitter in rivalry; envious: jealous of the success of others.” (American Heritage® Dictionary) The word jealous is the adjectival type of jealousy.
The etymology for the word is that it comes from, “Middle English jelous, from Old French gelos, jealous, zealous, from Vulgar Latin *zlsus, from Late Latin zlus, zeal.” (American Heritage® Dictionary) I assume that the invariant that means of the word jealous is to desire or need one thing that a rival has. For the word jealous I will analyze whether or not the word is used to explain a rival and I will have a look at if it is used with resentment. I believe that the word jealous might be marked for one of these items that’s the reason I selected this stuff to analyze. Example five: “All Dantes’s success has earned him some jealous enemies.
The purser of his ship, Danglars, eants to turn into the captain of the Pharaon; Fernand Mondego is in love with Dantes’s fiancée; his neighbor Caderousse is just envious that Dantes is a lot luckier in life than he has been.” (Dumas 637) In this example each jealous and envious are used. I will analyze envious first after which I will analyze jealous. In this example when the creator uses the word envious they’re describing Caderousse need to have the luck that Dantes has. Luck is an intangible factor and I don’t think that there is any resement at the reality that Dantes has so much luck. With the example of jealous Dantes’s enemies, that are a rival, are resentful of the success that Dantes has had. Example six: “Miss Bingley saw, or suspected, enough to be jealous; and her nice anxiousness for the recovery of her dear good friend Jane received some help from her need of eliminating Elizabeth.” (Austen 52)
In this example you can see that Miss Bingley is jealous of another person who is a rival. I think that there is additionally resentment on this example as a end result of when the writer uses the word “suspected” it makes it appear as if Miss Bingley might be bitter about the thing she is jealous of. I suppose that the jealousy is directed in course of another girl that Miss Bingley feel is a rival of her’s. Example seven: “He patted me on the head; however by some means, I didn’t like him or his deep voice, and I was jealous that his hand should contact my mother’s in touching me- which it did. I put it away as properly as I may.” (Dickens 21) In this example the boy is jealous of this man that is invading his mother’s and his private time.
I suppose that the person can be thought of a rival as a result of the boy and the person appear to be competing for the mother’s attention. I would additionally say that the boy has a resentful tone towards the man and the jealousy is directed in direction of particular person. Example eight: “There was nothing too cool or banish
love in these circumstances, though a lot to create despair. Much too, you will think reader, to engender jealousy: if a woman in my position could presume to be jealous of a woman in Miss Ingram’s.
But I was not jealous, or very hardly ever; the nature of the pain I suffered couldn’t be explained by the word.” (Bronte 194) In this example the speaker is jealous of Miss Ingram and the place that she holds. Miss Ingram is somebody who’s a rival of the speaker’s and I suppose that there’s resentment in the path of Miss Ingram as a outcome of the speaker needs that person’s place. Example nine: In one of many home windows over the storage the curtains had been moved apart somewhat, and Myrtle Wilson was peering down at the automotive.
So engrossed was she that she had no consciousness of being noticed, and one emotion after another crept into her face like objects right into a slowly creating picture. Her expression was curiously familiar- it was an expression I had typically seen on women’s face’s, however on Myrtle Wilson’s face it appeared purposeless and inexplicable until I realized that her eyes, wide with jealous terror weren’t mounted on Tom, however on Jordan Baker, whom she took to be his spouse.” (Fitzgerald 99) In this instance Myrtle is jealous of Jordan Baker who she believes is Tom’s spouse. Myrtle was having an affair with Tom so this is why she is jealous of Jordan who she believes is his wife.
Tom’s wife would be a rival to Myrtle and I additionally think that Myrtle is resentful on this instance. Example ten: Everything went on smoothly until the day before the fair opened; then there occurred one of many little skirmished which it is virtually unimaginable to keep away from, when some five-and-twenty girls, old and young, with all their private piques and prejudices, attempt to work collectively.
May Chester was quite jealous of Amy as a result of the latter was a higher favorite than herself; and, simply at this time, a number of trifling circumstances occurred to increase the feeling.” (Alcott 283) In this example May wants to be favored in addition to Amy is, and Amy is a rival to May on this passage. I think that May is resentful of Amy and he or she desires to have the popularity that Amy has.
After analyzing each words and looking at a quantity of examples of their makes use of in literary texts I would say that jealous is marked for (+) rival and that envious is unmarked (+/-) rival. Whenever the word envious is used it refers to the particular person wanting one thing that is generally tangible and
typically intangible, nevertheless it isn’t often used to refer to a different person. Envious is typically used to discuss with an object or an emotion that the other individual wants. With the word jealous it is all the time used close to another individual and it is always about wanting one thing that the other individual has, and the particular person who it’s referring to is always a rival of that person.
- “envious” and “jealous.” The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000. www.bartleby.com/61/. April 27, 2008.
- Alcott, Louis May. Little Women. London: Crown, 1954.
- Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Random House, 1967.
- Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. Toronto: Bantan Books, 1995. Crane, Stephen. The Red Badge of Courage and Four Stories. New York: Penguin Books, 1977.
- Dickens, Charles. David Copperfield. New York: Random House, 1945.
- Dumas, Alexandre. The Count of Monte Cristo. London: Bantan Books, 1963. Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Penguin, 1994.