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AP Government Chapter 2 Summary

Within the primary pages of this chapter, we are launched with the subject of the constitution and actions of Gregory Lee Johnson. The case of Gregory Lee Johnson is about that of him burning an American flag and protesting that when the government grew to become concerned, it was towards his freedom of speech. This is where the constitution of the United States comes into play and supersedes the odd law.

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The query although, what exactly is a constitution? A structure is a nation’s basic laws.

Essentially it creates political establishments, offers rights for citizens and holds energy throughout the authorities. The structure also holds the unwritten traditions and precedents that have been established. Most people do not at all times agree with how the constitution is written and don’t always agree with how the federal government is ran, but this structure is the premise of how all issues are ran.

Next is the Declaration of Independence. Between 1775 and 1776 there was an amazing quantity of discontent with the English and the Continental Congress was in session for that steady yr.

When all the boys were arising with concepts and a basis for the Declaration of Independence, most concepts and propositions were adopted from John Locke who argued that people have all natural rights and usually are not dependent upon the government. Later this Declaration was written primarily by Thomas Jefferson and adopted on July 4th, 1776. Essentially this was written to announce and justify the revolution that was occurring. Lastly, all of the colonists needed international assistance to conquest essentially the most powerful nation on the planet.

Going back to completely perceive Locke and his ideas, we take a glance at the concept Locke was some of the influential philosophers of this time. John Locke constructed most of his philosophy on the thought of pure rights. Natural rights are rights inherent of people and who usually are not dependent on the federal government. Also, John argued that the government must be built upon the consent of the governed, meaning that folks agree on who their rulers
are. He also argued that our nation should have a limited authorities in order that there are restrictions on what a ruler can do. As Locke was developing along with his philosophy, he got here up with an excellent concept that governments ought to have standing legal guidelines by which individuals know if an act is acceptable or not earlier than doing it.

Now we come to the point of the federal government the failed. Congress was needed to make a plan for the permanent union of the states and the first plan to the structure was the Articles of Confederation. The Articles solely initially established a legislature with one home which was a giant problem on the time and can be a giant problem at present. There was no president on the time, no national courtroom and the powers had been extraordinarily restricted for the national legislature. After the states ratified this Article, issues were nonetheless proceeding. This included that Congress was solely capable of keep a military and navy, no more. All in all, Congress had no power. The only benefit to the Articles of confederation was that when the new Constitution was written, the writers knew the things to avoid.

Next was the difficulty of economic turmoil and the Shays revolt. After the warfare, many farmers have been left with a debt that could not be paid and had been threatened that their farms would be misplaced. So so as to try and pay this, many printed paper cash which was worthless and tried to pay the excellent debt back. Now the farmers felt a sigh of reduction when the Shays rebellion happened. This was a series of assaults on courthouses to forestall the judges from having farmers and their families foreclose on the farms.

Now we officially decided to make a structure on the Philadelphia convention. Fifty 5 delegates had been chosen to put in writing what turned the us Constitution. Most these folks had been rich planters or successful retailers and lawyers. Most issue differed in the facet of debates on big-issues to the self-interest of very small points. Most males actually did not share the same political aspect and a few issues arose from this. In fact, all these males had a really cynical view point of human nature and believed that men love power. As the phrases of this doc had been written, factions arose up. Factions are parties or interest groups. Most of the delegates believed that if a government is ran by factions, the government could be susceptible to instability, tyranny and that of violence.

So, within the Declaration of Independence, there are three issues that come up. First was the problem of equality. This problem was principally that of states arising with completely different plans and hoping it might work. The New Jersey Plan, the Virginia Plan and the Connecticut Compromise were all completely different in elements of what ought to be accomplished. Another problem was that of the economy. The writers of the Constitution dedicated to a powerful nationwide government and agreed that the economy was in full catastrophe and disarray.

The problem was that paper cash was worthless in some states and Congress was having points raising money due to the reality the economy was in a recession. And lastly have been the rights of a person. The Founders agreed that it was important to safeguard individualism and maintain threats away from private freedom. The Constitution presents protections, together with that of upholding the proper to a trial by jury and that of not taking a glance at a person’s religion to withhold them from a governmental place.

Now we take a glance at the ratification of the Constitution. In order for this Constitution to be processed, it wanted to be ratified by 9 of the 13 states. But there were issues that occurred for this to be ratified as a result of there were federalists and anti-federalist. Federalists supported the Constitution and anti-federalists did not. This is where the massive concern arose. Some of the variations these teams confronted were one being that anti-federalists most popular a robust government while the federalists preferred a weak one. Another drawback was that the anti-federalists wanted a direct election of governmental officials and the federalists didn’t.

Lastly was the inclusion of the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights was the first ten amendments to the Constitution in response to the concerns of the anti-federalists. The amendments actually give us the basic liberties, that of freedom of speech or faith. Yet the road to the Constitution and the ratification of it was not easy, the work of those males made it possible and fought to make it work. Without the work of these men, We wouldn’t be the place we’re at present and life as we all know it would be completely different.

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