Bharat Ratna Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (i/ˈæbdʊl kəˈlɑːm/; born 15 October 1931) often known as Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, is an Indian scientist and administrator who served as the eleventh President of India from 2002 to 2007. Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, studied physics on the St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, and aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology (MIT), Chennai. Kalam served as the 11th President of India, succeeding K. R. Narayanan. He received the 2002 presidential election with an electoral vote of 922,884, surpassing 107,366 votes gained by Lakshmi Sahgal. He served from 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam Tamil: born 15 October 1931) usually known as A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, is an Aerospace engineer, professor, and chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. During his term as President, he was popularly often recognized as the People’s President.
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He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor in 1997.
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in a Tamil Muslim family to Jainulabdeen, a ship owner and Ashiamma, a housewife, at Rameswaram, positioned within the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. He came from a poor background and started working at an early age to complement his family’s earnings. After finishing faculty, Kalam distributed newspapers so as to financially contribute to his father’s earnings.  in his school years, he had average grades, however was described as a bright and hardworking student who had a powerful desire to learn and spend hours on his studies, especially mathematics.
 “I inherited honesty and self-discipline from my father; from my mother, I inherited faith in goodness and deep kindness as did my three brothers and sisters.” —A quote from Kalam’s autobiography 
After finishing his college training at the Rameswaram Elementary School, Kalam went on to attend Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, then affiliated with the University of Madras, from where he graduated in physics in 1954. Towards the end of the course, he was not enthusiastic in regards to the subject and would later regret the 4 years he studied it. He then moved to Madras in 1955 to check aerospace engineering. While Kalam was working on a senior class project, the Dean was dissatisfied with the lack of progress and threatened revoking his scholarship except the project was finished throughout the subsequent three days. He labored tirelessly on his project and met the deadline, impressing the Dean who later stated, “I [Dean] was putting you [Kalam] beneath stress and asking you to fulfill a troublesome deadline”. For him becoming a fighter pilot was a “dearest dream” but he failed to comprehend it as he bagged the ninth place when solely eight slots had been available in the IAF.
Before his time period as India’s president, he worked as an aeronautical engineer with DRDO and ISRO. He is popularly generally recognized as the Missile Man of India for his work on development of ballistic missile and house rocket technology. Kalam played a pivotal organizational, technical and political role in India’s Pokhran-IInuclear test in 1998, the primary because the original nuclear take a look at by Indian 1974. He is currently the chancellor of Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, a professor at Anna University (Chennai), a visiting professor at Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Indian Institute of Management Indore, and an adjunct/visiting college at many different academic and analysis establishments across India. In May 2011, Dr. Kalam launched his mission for the youth of the nation called the can I Give Movement.  Dr. Kalam better known as a scientist, also has special curiosity in the field of arts like writing Tamil poems, and also enjoying the music instrument Abdul Kalam was born in Rameswaram, presently Tamil Nadu, in India in 1931. He spent most of his childhood in financial problems and began working at an early age to supplement his family’s revenue. After completing his school schooling, Kalam graduated in physics from St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli. He then graduated with a diploma in Aeronautical engineering in the mid-1950s from the Madras Institute of Technology.  As the Project Director, he was closely concerned within the development of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-II).