Apple Strategy Management

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18 December 2021

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Formerly called Apple Computer system, Apple Inc. has effectively became an efficient company in a competitive consumer electronic units trade. The firm managed to outsell others by being innovative and separating its merchandise via superior service requirements and high quality products. To ensure requirements are met, Apple outsourced its manufacturing to a trusted third celebration digital units producing enterprise, Foxconn Innovation. Over the earlier few years, the smart gadget market is transferring towards commoditization. This resulted in intense competition the place continuous innovation is required to endure its enterprise marketability.

Apple’s strategic capabilities corresponding to having personalized hardware/software systems has truly made it potential for the company to position itself in regard to worth, rarity, inimitability and non-substitution. Nevertheless, to proceed acquiring its market share as the very best cell phone, the corporation could require to examine its company viability, so as to maintain its market leadership in the market. This strategic evaluation and assessment report will therefore examine Apple’s efficiency and sustainability by way of using organisation degree strategies prior to strategic recommendations are chosen.

In order for Apple to continually preserve its market position, the corporation may have to consider its firm suitability similar to its tactical direction. Through market advancement, the company can enhance its presence in new market sections. There is a requirement to examine out its R&D (Research Study & & Advancement), in order that brand-new products with distinctive capabilities can progressively developed. Table of Contents

Intro (300words) 372
Background Information
Apple Inc. is a technological enterprise that had really achieved excellent success in creating, producing and selling its massive range of merchandise classes including Mac, IPad, IPod and IPhone, which brings innovations in computer methods, media pill, Portable music gamers and sensible phones respectively.

In addition, Apple additionally offers a variety of associated software program, purposes, companies, networking options, peripherals and third-party digital material which represent a revolutionary interval for development and differentiation of Apple. (reuters).. Although touch screens in mobile gadgets aren’t new, Apple managed to be the first to attain mass market adoption for that
technology by creating and launching the primary IPhone collection in January 2007. The IPhone was a lot ahead of its time that it just about created a brand new class in the market leaving everybody else taking part in catch up (Elliot, 2012). The Apple’s goal market contains teenagers, school and college college students, business people, younger youngsters and youngsters and adults. As of September 29, 2012, it had 412 retail stores in 14 nations all over the world. (Financial Report 2012) At the same time, Apple had an intensive seventy two,800 regular employees and an extra 3,300 short-term workers or contractors worldwide (Apple three yr PnL). Financial Performance

According to the monetary report, the corporate recorded complete net revenue of $156,508 million during the fiscal yr 2012, which exhibits a rise of 63% over fiscal 12 months 2011. In which web profit accounted for $41,733 million, a 61% increase over fiscal 12 months 2011 (Apple 3 year PnL). As observed from the report, Apple’s gross revenue margin had rise from 40.5% to 43.9% in the past 2 years. This is mainly the result of efficient implementation of cost-leadership and differentiation strategy through the years. (Find source).

The firm’s pervious CEO, Steve Job (from 1997 – 2011) had created a tradition by which imaginative and prescient are understood and is reside by their staff. He believes that communicating the imaginative and prescient to the employee is almost as necessary as popping out with new merchandise (Elliot. Jay, 2012). This tradition was stored alive even when Tim Cook took over as CEO (from 2011 – current) which primarily saved all Apple’s employees on the identical page and enact the vision with true ardour (Elliot. Jay, 2012) which is essential to strategic management (Find that book)

Macro Environment Analysis (700words) 803

PESTEL Analysis
PESTEL evaluation shall be used to know Apple’s exterior surroundings and acquire an insight of Apple’s future business potential, market state of affairs and operations directions. There are six parts in the PESTEL analysis; Political, Economical, Social, Technological, Environmental and Legal (Find
source). Considering developments, tendencies, indicative incidents at the global levels, we determine that Social, Technological and Legal element of the PESTEL analysis pose a a lot vital impression on Apple’s cell phone SBU as compared to the remainder.

Apple’s social surroundings is considered one of key contributor for its success at present and can proceed to steer it into larger peak in future (wei kang, 2013). It’s ‘think different’ slogan is the unique mixture of simplicity, creativity and luxury picture into the product that displays the user’s individual identity and the need to be different (Schneiders, 2011). Apple’s pervious CEO Steve Job all the time had a way of what consumer really wanted and adjusted the company’s products line to fulfill their wants. In other phrases he tells them what they should love (VERGANTI, 2010). This is a phenomenon often known as the cult advertising during which people do not know their desires until cult entrepreneurs present it to them (RAGAS & BUENO, 2005). In easy terms, Cult advertising is definitely a tool used in strategy to strengthen customer loyalty (Schneiders, 2011). This component has important positive influence as it allows Apple to have the strongest buyer loyalty in the world and obtain the very best repurchase price within the electronic subject (MacNN, 2006). This impact can be seem worldwide whenever Apple launch their new product, Apple’s fans would camp for days in entrance of the store only to get one of its latest innovation. This reveals that Apple’s users actually love Apple not like most others (NUSSBAUM, 2005). In addition, due to the know-how improvement, Apple’s Products such as the IPhone are no longer being viewed as luxuries but real necessities items (source). To reach the long term, Apple ought to observe and abide to its tenet; ‘don’t comply with your clients; Lead them’ which suggests that consumer have to be shown a superior alternative which Apple distinguishes itself and supply these alternatives (MacVarish, 2009).

The market for cell phone and other electronic merchandise that Apple offers places them in a hyper competition environment driven by the quick tempo of technological changes. Companies like Apple which manufacture such products
should continually invest substantial amount of cash on research and improvement (R&D) to produce better performance, new function and higher design products to counter the quick life cycle and frequent introduction of recent products in the market (source). According to MacVarish, considered one of Apple’s guideline for his or her innovation strategy was ‘Be your own hardest Critic’. In which, Apple aims to supply new product strains that replaces older products making their them out of date and thus stopping competitor from doing so. With this precept to beat itself, Apple managed to beat its competitors too (MacVarish, 2009). Ultimately this enable Apple to lead the market because it did in the launching of the totally different era of IPhone particularly IPhone 5 which turn into the world’s best-selling Smartphone worldwide in the course of the 4th quarter of 2012 (Maisto, 2013). As a end result, Apple’s R&D expense will increase exponentially from $1.782 billion in 2010 to $3.381 billion in 2012 (Apple 3 12 months PnL). Due to their research intensive nature to keep innovation forward of competitors, Apple turns into less cost-effective in saturated markets and is uncovered to higher risk if it’s R&D does not come by way of (source).

The mental property war has long being used as device in know-how and administration technique by corporations similar to Apple to achieve strategic benefit against their competitors. Apple alone has filled as many as 250,000 patents for the IPhone and other Smartphone masking the design and performance of those products (Cusumano, 2008). Apple had lawsuits all around the world with its opponents corresponding to Samsung, Motorola and Nokia each suing and being sued over violation of each other’s patents (source). One such case is the lawsuit in the U.S between the Apple and considered one of its prime smart cellphone competitor; Samsung by which the jury awarded Apple $1.05 billion in injury and ordered a few of Samsung’s Smartphone products off shelf in elements of the US (source). This verdict allows the IPhone to gain distinctive advantage in the US market and on the identical time helped Apple in promoting and broadcast IPhone originality. In addition the quantity of damage awarded to Apple might be counted as revenue which eventually increases the profit margin considerably for of Apple that quarter. In conclusion, while most lawsuits Apple filed comes with little success, any court docket choices that verdict in
favor of Apple’s patents will probably enable IPhone to remain distinctive out there (Cusumano, 2008).

Industry (Competitive) Analysis 815
Michael Porter’s 5-forces model
Apple’s aggressive position and its attractiveness within the smart-phone market may be explained in analyzing the Porter’s 5-Forces framework (Porter, 1980). Using the aggressive forces, it would establish the competitiveness and its ability to position itself with diversification. It will show its sustainability and profitability of its iPhone series. Threat of Potential Entry/Barriers to entry – LOW

The smart-phone industry is saturated and poses sturdy barriers to potential entrants who are eager to enter the market. Presently, there are a quantity of well-established opponents which have a large market share and economies of scale which limits new entrants from entering. Its robust model presence and consumer loyalty is a hindrance to potential entrants (Bostic, 2013). New entrants require a considerable quantity of capital funding, so as to compete towards the market leaders. Due to large economies of scale, it’s almost inconceivable for this new entrants to enter and gain substantial market share. Sometimes, there’s a want for new entrant to innovate corresponding to creating distinctive options or software to compete. But this normally caused by lack of sources as investing in ample assets doesn’t come cheap. Legal phrases such as patents and trademarks serves as a barrier to new entrants. New entrants also face limitations corresponding to legal terms. These are normally patents or logos that the dominants gamers have. This market leaders similar to Apple Inc have patents on its designs of iPhones including software such as iTunes. This prevents any infringements from new entrants to copy similar ideas. After all, Apple is still a dominant player within the smart-phone market and competing against Apple actually requires a brand new entrant high start-up costs. Reference:

Bostic, K, (2013), “Study finds 20% of Apple iPhone customers switched away from Android in previous year”, Apple Insider Porter, M, (1980), “Competitive Strategy: Techniques for analyzing industries and competitors”, Free Press,
Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group Rivalry between opponents – HIGH

The smart-phone market may be very well-developed and there may be a high degree of focus. It is managed by a number of large opponents that are Apple’s robust rivalry. This are dominant smart-phone gamers corresponding to Samsung, LG and HTC Mobile which has high capital investments. Smart-phones have turn into a commodities item that any person would require. As such, dominant gamers have been putting an emphasis on aggressive pricing. This will enable them to realize an edge over opponents. These competitors are usually of comparable dimension with Apple in its operations. Due to stiff rivalry, Apple will differentiate itself in phrases of design features and functionalities. Its competitors have also aggressively seek a management place within the smart-phone market by continually innovating and in search of new changes. The result of know-how advancement has also brought on an increased competitors to seek change within the industry. This in turn leads to rivalry among smart-phone gamers to streamline its merchandise and continuously refreshed its gadgets to satisfy the demand, in order to remain in competitors. (Apple Inc Report, 2009). References:

Apple Inc. SEC 2009 Form 10-K Filing Page sixteen ??
Threat of substitutes – MODERATE
It could appears that Apple has a variety of substitutes out there, however the nature of Apple’s merchandise units itself other than competitors. Although it may seem that Apple has an intensive array of substitutes in the market, however its proprietary nature of merchandise sets itself other than competitors. Presently, its risk of substitutes of its smart-phones (e.g: iPhone5) are nonetheless moderate. But competitors are already riding on its successes by constantly innovating and substitutes it with a similar product in the market. In common, Apple sources its elements from numerous suppliers, thus preserving itself distinctive in the smart-phone market. As such, Apple still need to constantly keep revolutionary and price acutely aware in order to effectively positioned itself against other opponents with a robust branding and following. As such, its differentiation technique can successfully diversified itself from others.

Bargaining Power (buyers) – LOW
There are many smart-phone brands in the market that could be a substitute to Apple’s iPhones, but the bargaining energy by consumers stay low. The major truth is that Apple’s focuses on differentiating its merchandise from its competitors. Its unique designs, features and cult marketing are testament to its loyalty by buyers. Its area of interest market in the smart-phone trade also makes consumers much less sensitive on product pricing. Customers or loyal followers of Apple are nonetheless prepared to pay whatever the price. Although main retailers or companies have some relative energy to bargaining as a end result of its bulk quantity, particular person consumers nonetheless haven’t any control particularly on their product pricing. Apple’s lack of third party choices additionally signifies that patrons have less choices for different product. Bargaining Power (Suppliers) – LOW

Apple relies on quite so much of suppliers in its manufacture for smartphones. Usually, it isn’t restricted to only one single provider for varied components within the assembly of its smartphones. As such, this leaves Apple’s suppliers with less bargaining power over prices. This permits Apple to efficiently create a aggressive advantage over its opponents in the market (Apple Annual Report, 2012). Due to its bulk quantities of components, Apple Inc can have a leverage over suppliers by way of negotiating better phrases and pricing. This permits Apple to have a lower value structure and ensures a better revenue margin as in comparison with its opponents.

Apple’s Strategic Capabilities 684

Apple’s built-in system of hardware and software has enabled the agency to efficiently market and develop to be their most precious strategic resources (Dhaliwal, 2009). It was their former CEO, Steve Jobs that pulled Apple’s again to the expansion stage. Apple’s gifted group of software engineers, programmers and designers are the firm’s key resources in innovating. This allows Apple to make the most of their knowledge to successfully create a tailor-made hardware and software program system which serve as its key capabilities. Its integration in its key capabilities has allowed Apple to
create a competitive benefit and sustainability in the market (“Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition,” 2009).

Resource/Capability| Value| Rare| Imitate| Non-substitution| Relationships with OEMs| √| | √| |
Retail locations| √| √| √| |
Tailored Hardware/Software Systems| √| √| √| √| Figure 1: VRIN Table
Applying VRIN,
The VRIN mannequin, a four key standards resource-based view, examines if Apple Inc. makes use of its strategic sources to create a aggressive benefit. Relationships with OEMs
Apple holds good relations with its OEM business companions in China. It includes firms such as Foxconn and Hon Hai Precision Industry. This close relationships that the firm maintains with its companions assures that the outputs produced are superior and of top of the range. This permits Apple to be forward of different smart-phone producers who prefers not to outsource production.

Value: Its strong relationships maintained with its business companions allow Apple to benefit from alternatives by Foxconn, corresponding to low-cost manufacturing prices. This ensures that the firm can present a sustained worth in its merchandise and thus reducing any threats (Barney, 1991). Inimitability: Competitors can nonetheless imitate by following Apple’s strategy of finding an OEM associate. But what units Apple other than the remainder, is its ability to take care of its development of software program, which others has problems imitating regardless of having an OEM companion. The intention of Apple Inc. is to combine a number of features into developing an Apple product. This will guarantee Apple’s customers get probably the most value once they buy the final product. Apple Inc. capacity of combining all 5 features of key strategic resources/capabilities into one, allows the firm to be forward of competitors as a result of its sustained worth and its success in taking opportunities and decreasing threats. (Barney, 1991). Retail Locations

The introduction of Apple’s retail shops present the company with a bodily presence and comfort to its customers. It permits Apple to
create a store image by providing a gorgeous store entrance and superior customer support. This key useful resource serves as an essential value to Apple which is a relative rarity within the business. Value: Its strategic places of its retail shops worldwide present customers with the flexibility to succeed in its products simply. This gives Apple a aggressive advantage towards opponents. Rarity: Apple’s strategy in positioning its retailer and differentiating its merchandise ensures that the firm is in a leadership place. Its distinctive factors of its strategic retail location are a rarity to the group. Talented software growth teams

Apple has a capable staff of software developers. This are often fastidiously chosen by the company and serves as Apple’s most talented programmers. They help Apple with introducing necessary products. But usually developers of this caliber usually are not uncommon in the IT trade, neither are they tough to mimic. Hence other smart-phone producers such as Samsung Mobile also can practice or rent robust caliber of developers too. Industrial Design Capability

Industrial design capability is considered one of Apple Inc. strategic resource that serves as a perform of its innovation capacity. Its functionality of its revolutionary design teams are useful to the corporation. Its innovative design teams also have sturdy teamwork which types one of Apple Inc. strategic useful resource too. This permits Apple to certainly be very valuable, uncommon among its competitors and in addition its problem in imitation.

Tailored Hardware/Software Systems
Apple Inc. aggressive benefits amongst opponents are having a tailored hardware and software program techniques. It is one of Apple’s most essential abilities as it’s only particularly designed and built in its integrated products. Its ‘closed system’ kinds also type its specialty as most competitors relied on third party software. One instance would be Samsung Mobile adopting the Google’s Android market. Its functionality of combining its own design, software improvement, hardware programmers ensures its competitive benefit. Value: The advantages of getting its personal hardware and software program ensure that the agency offers worth to its consumers. Rarity: The rarity of
having a dynamic group of gifted employees permits the firm to develop specialised hardware and software program which are distinctive to the company. This are necessary elements which identifies Apple’s power in the trade. Inimitability: Apple’s inimitability in most of its strategic capabilities permits the firm to be of a aggressive benefit than its competitors. In particular, its tailored software program, iOs app retailer was developed ahead of its competitor, Samsung cell who adopted the Google Play store. Though Apple has a proficient staff of software builders, this is still inimitable as opponents can practice and develop staff. In general, Apple’s sturdy strategic capabilities still forestall competitors from intimidating. Non-substitution: In common, Apple’s products are substitutable with different merchandise. The reason that units aside from its rivals is its model identification and its tailor-made hardware and software. This development serves as a novel issue which no third-party can substitute. Sustainability as Competitive Advantage

To efficiently maintain Apple’s continued performance and competitive benefit, its management could think about looking for unique partnerships or arrangements with its OEM partners to bring costs down and possibly reaching out to more nations with growth of Apple’s shops. These strategies will enable Apple to repeatedly lead the market with its dominance and market share.

The intention of Apple Inc. is to integrate a number of features into creating an Apple product. This will guarantee Apple’s users get the most worth once they purchase the ultimate product. Apple Inc. capacity of combining all 5 elements of key strategic resources/capabilities into one, allows the firm to be forward of opponents as a outcome of its sustained value and its success in taking alternatives and decreasing threats. (Barney, 1991). Rare

In the smart-phone trade, there are many brands that compete directly with Apple iPhones. But what stands out in opposition to opponents is Apple’s capability to position and differentiate its merchandise. Its innovativeness in industrial design, specialized hardware/software and its strategic retail location
allows Apple to realize its uniqueness in the market. This assures Apple Inc. as a profitable organisation due to its brand identification and superior quality.Inimitate Apple’s inimitability in most of its strategic capabilities permits the firm to be of a aggressive benefit than its competitors. In particular, its tailor-made software, iOs app store was developed ahead of its competitor, Samsung cell who adopted the Google Play store. Though Apple has a proficient team of software developers, this is still inimitable as rivals can practice and develop staff. In general, Apple’s sturdy strategic capabilities nonetheless stop competitors from inimitating. Non-substitution

Generally, Apple’s products are substitutable with different merchandise. The solely cause that units other than its rivals are its model identity and talent to keep hold of Apple’s followers. Its talented teams of software builders and tailored hardware/software are an uniqueness to Apple and no third-party can be substituted.

Business Strategy 781
Strategy Statement
An analysis shows that there’s a technique shift in Apple for its sensible Phone enterprise as the corporate had a change in management since 2012. Apple’s current objective is to provide its shopper one of the best product expertise by offering superior high and low-middle end merchandise which would possibly be user friendly, revolutionary in design and have, integrate seamlessly and excellence sales and post-sale help experience for customers (forbes). Generic Competitive Strategy

Apple’s is pursuing a hybrid mixture of product differentiation and cost leadership strategy. With the mixture of the 2 technique, Apple managed to achieve excessive profit margin where it produces its smart telephone cheaply and promoting them at a premium value.

Competitive scope (broad target)
Under Tim cook’s (CEO of Apple from 2012- current) lead, Apple began to discover new territory by building on the success of its current smart phone
enterprise unit and increasing it into emerging markets. This strategy is seen to be put into action with the announcement of the IPhone 5s and IPhone 5c (a watered-down version of the IPhone series) launch (Apple main website). With the twin launch of the IPhone 5s and IPhone 5c, Apple managed to place its product in each the premium and non-premium class respectively that offers 2 price points. The IPhone 5s will proceed to address their current market whereas the IPhone 5c will catered to more price delicate customer base particularly from the emerging market.

Competitive Advantage (Lower value and Differentiation)
Given that Apple shall be having a twin IPhone launch with almost the identical design, features and operating on the identical operating system (ISO 7), it’ll obtain economies of scope the place cost components such as advertising and research and improvement shall be shared. In addition, the two IPhone caters to totally different market segment, permitting Apple to have a bigger addressable market where economies of scales can be achieved by driving supplier’s cost down with the promise of increase order quantity. These factors will assist Apple ship value leadership in the smart cellphone industry. However despite the growing effort in analysis and improvement to result in innovation and to distinguish their good telephone, Apple failed to supply enough uniqueness and dimension that’s valued by their consumer. In fact, Apple is replicating its previous IPhone mannequin with minimal introduction of ‘game-changing’ features. The company’s reduce pace of innovation may be inferred from its latest launched flagship IPhone, the IPhone 5s which retains the scale and design of its pervious flagship; Phone 5 with little addition to its feature and efficiency (yahoo news).

Value Chain has been in a place to excellent the chain of activities in innovation. Apple starts from its new ideas of product design through R&D with its strategy functionality and in depth funding. Then producers it and at last markets it wholeheartedly. The course of of transforming inputs into outputs compromises a quantity of major and support activities” (Hill and Jones, 2001, p.133). Each worth is taken into account to be a source of competitive
advantage. Value chain evaluation is a powerful tool for managers to identify the necessary thing activities within the firm which form the value chain for that organisation, and have the potential of a sustainable aggressive benefit for accompany. Therein, competitive benefit of an organisation lies in its ability to carry out crucial actions alongside the worth chain better than its rivals Technology Development

Buying and R&D
Inbound Logistics
Most parts are usually obtainable from multiple sources; a selection of parts are at present obtained from single or limited sources. Hardware products are manufactured by outsourcing associate main in Asia e.g. Foxconn.

Delegate raw supplies acquisition
– Apple works with its OEM companions to delegate the uncooked materials acquisition course of however provides some supervision for quality management function.

Automated receiving systems
– Apple has applied subtle automated receiving techniques to hurry up the receiving process and cut back facility footprint and space for storing requirement

That is a concern for suppliers. Apple’s smartphone margins are the highest within the trade. But as those margins come beneath strain, Apple will push suppliers to cut costs. Flat-panel televisions followed an identical pattern, with margins for screens ultimately falling to near break-even levels, says Alberto Moel, an analyst at Bernstein Research.(

Outbound Logistics
Apple used variety of direct and oblique distribution channel, corresponding to retail stores,on-line stores and direct gross sales pressure, three Rd
get together cellular community carriers, wholesalers, retailers and worth added resellers.

Apple proceed to expand and enhance its distribution capacities by increasing the number of its personal retail shops worldwide to be able to ensure a prime quality buying experience for its product.

Economical packing – Apple employed teams of design and engineering consultants who develop product packaging that’s slim and light-weight yet protective. Efficient packaging design not solely reduces supplies and waste, it additionally helps scale back the emissions produced during transportation.

Marketing & Sales

References used:
Dhaliwal, A. (2009). “Apple’s Q4 outcomes beat analysts? Estimates; quarterly profit rises to $1.sixty seven billion.” Top News, retrieved on September 14, 2010 from: “Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition.” (2009). Electronic Industry Code of Conduct. retrieved on September 14, 2010 from: Barney J, (1991), “Firm sources and sustained competitive advantage”, Journal of Management, vol. 17, no1, p99-125 Identifying the strategy

Generic Competitive Strategy
Apple is pursuing a broad differentiation strategy. Apple differentiates by providing high-quality, exceptional design, and personalized service. The scope of their technique is broad targeting clients ranging from
unsophisticated newbie users to specials needs power-users.

1) Cost-leadership
2) Differentiation

Business Suitability
Apple Inc. is concerned with which strategic instructions and methods instructed addressed the issues the corporation confronted (Johnson & Scholes, 2008). It assists in determining the business suitability of strategic selections which relates to the strategic position. To check on Apple’s suitability on its proposed business strategies, the Porter’s worth chain model is chosen to assume about the internal factors of the group. Strategic Directions

Market Penetration
Presently, Apple’s infrastructure may be very well established and developed. But the company ought to nonetheless continue in its infrastructure developments, in order to attain back its high market share within the smartphone trade. Its market penetration business technique relies closely on its primary actions such as inbound logistics, outbound logistics; and gross sales and advertising. To proceed transferring towards the market penetration direction, its support actions do play aside. The technology growth will then be ready to help the support to the proposed strategy.

Product Development
Apple may have to contemplate a strategic drift to gain a aggressive benefit in its enterprise strategy. The product development technique will get its assistance from help activities corresponding to developing new products to meet buyer calls for. To enhance its agency efficiency and market share, Apple is introducing new options such as finger sensor on its new iPhone5s and likewise colored version of its iPhone5c ( This new options or product growth somehow serves a determining factor whether or not Apple will obtain its business technique or affects its company performance.

Market Development
At current, the firm is adopting the market development strategy. It assists
Apple in venturing into new market segments. Thus, there may be the significance to focus particularly on the primary activities of inbound and outbound logistics, sales and advertising. Apple remains to be in a position to depend on its OEM partners for sources especially in manufacturing, which serves as Apple’s key competency. To move ahead, Apple might have to enter or develop new market, similar to in creating markets which it has zero presence. With its robust alliance partner, corresponding to Foxconn, Apple is prepared to make the most of its logistics half and its strong gross sales and advertising to open up new market. Hence, these three suggested enterprise methods are suitable to evaluate the worth chain, and Apple can carry any of those strategies forward. Apple might want to think about which technique will achieve its total enterprise aims to maintain itself in the market.


Reference List
1) (reuters) 2) (Apple 3 year PnL) 3) Porter. ME, (2008), ‘The Five Competitive Forces that Sharpe Strategy’, Harvard Business Review, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 78-93, Business Source Complete, (online) Available at: EBSCOhost database [Accessed:15 sept 2013] (Porter, 2008) 4) MacVarish, B. (2009, August 13). Guiding Principles of Apple Retrieved January 29, 2010, from (MacVarish, 2009) 5) Cusumano, M 2008, ‘Technology Strategy and Management: The Puzzle of Apple’, Communications Of The ACM, 51, 9, pp. 22-24, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, considered 16 July 2013. (Cusumano, 2008) 6) (forbes) 7) ( (yahoo news) 8)

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