Application of Background Methodology

In addition, childhood obesity can adversely affect social and economic improvement and lead to adult obesity inflicting extra opposed well being circumstances. The prices of treating obesity within the United States are steadily increasing. Estimates present the direct and indirect costs related to treating obesity was near $139 billion in 2003 (Li, & Hooker, 2010).

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The focus of this paper is to look at a peer-reviewed analysis article performed by Ji Li, PhD. and Neal Hooker PhD revealed in the Journal of School Health, to show how the application of background and methodology of the analysis process may be applied to problems in well being care.

By analyzing the purpose of the examine, the speculation, the variables employed, and the framework used to information the research, a better understanding of the analysis course of might be gained.

Study Purpose

Schools have been the subject of many research research relating to childhood obesity. Surveys have examined issues similar to race, ethnicity, and gender-specific differences relating to points such as how television viewing impacts weight acquire and how bodily activity effects educational achievement.

The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) School Breakfast Program (SBP) and have been the subject of many studies (Li, & Hooker, 2010). The studies examined meals decisions; comparing the dietary content material of program meals to other aggressive food choices available in the cafeteria. A totally different examine observed the effect of NSLP eligibility and meals insecurities on child welfare. The outcomes of the research indicated no proof of benefit associated with participation in the NSLP and youngster well-being (Li, & Hooker, 2010).

Past analysis, associating childhood weight problems and school-related applications and actions have been limited. The research did not differentiate between either public or private school sorts or were solely composed of public college findings. Moreover, past research research have employed solely limited perspectives on the issue. The objective of this article’s research is to delve further into the effects family, faculty, and neighborhood play on childhood weight problems in hopes of understanding better the correlation (Li, & Hooker, 2010).

By doing so administrators of health care might be higher outfitted to advise parents, educators, and policies makers of the significance of wellness and diet amongst school-aged kids.

Research Questions

Many questions are posed in this research. The major question asked is, what’s the correlation, if any, between college kind, bodily exercise, participation in the NSLP, and other independent variables on physique mass index (BMI) of youngsters dwelling within the United States? In addition, does the kind of faculty, public or private, make a distinction within the BMI of children?

Last, does the physical exercise level of the mother and father affect a child’s BMI (Li, & Hooker, 2010)? Hypotheses This hypothesis of the examine just isn’t clearly stated within the article although the reading suggests there are several. The study means that youngsters residing in decrease socioeconomic households and qualifying for the NSLP have greater likelihood of becoming overweight. Children who attend public schools are more susceptible to changing into obese than those who attend non-public schools. In addition, youngsters whose dad and mom are physically lively have less probability of becoming chubby.

Last, parental education ranges, smoking habits, and employment standing can have an result on a child’s weight (Li, & Hooker, 2010).

Study Variables

To analyze how varied components effect childhood weight problems, information was gathered concerning the children’s faculties, households, communities, and daily activities from the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH). These sociodemographic impartial variables embrace such information as the child’s age, gender, race, main spoken language, physical exercise level, television use, time spend playing computer video games, extracurricular ctivities, and participation in the free or reduced lunch program (Li, & Hooker, 2010). Information about parental activities corresponding to smoking practices, employment status, and education, economic, and exercise ranges had been additionally included. The dependent variable body BMI was used as the measure of obesity. BMI may be defined as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared. This method of measurement is broadly used by well being suppliers to determine physical development (Li, & Hooker, 2010).

Conceptual Model or Theoretical Framework

The conceptual model used to know the results of the examine and to discover out its empirical and scientific effectiveness, research the relationships between childhood weight problems and factors that contribute to the problem. By contemplating the multidimensional perspectives surrounding the lives of children within the United States, the consequences on BMI as a measure of weight problems can prove possible correlations. This study first applied a nonlinear regression mannequin to survey information to look at important relationships.

Next, the research constructed three mannequin specifications to analyze the consequences of the NSLP (Li, & Hooker, 2010). Last, discoveries have been analyzed concerning the factors influencing the child’s probability for changing into obese (Li, & Hooker, 2010). The conceptual mannequin of the examine provides correlations between socioeconomic standing (SES) and different components and childhood weight problems by providing supporting information.

Review of Related Literature

A review of the literature cited helps the need for this study. Research by Ogden, Carroll, and Flegal (2008) proves the BMI of children and adolescents within the United States are rising steadily. A related study by Bouchard (1997) reveals the connection between childhood and grownup weight problems. In addition, the reference to Dietz (2004) shows that obesity could cause critical illness in kids similar to type 2 diabetes and heart disease. The excessive cost associated with treating obesity in the United States proves the need for further study into the problems related to childhood weight problems (Finkelstein, Ruhm, & Kosa, 2005).

Study Design

The research design employed was quantitative, consisting of data gathered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) 2003 and 2004 NSCH. The State and Local Area Integrated Telephone Survey Program was used to survey and examine the physical and psychological well being status of youngsters age delivery to 17 (Li, & Hooker, 2010). The households had been randomly selected with the screening question of the presence of children under age 18 within the family was used.

Observations of 62,880 kids from completely different households residing in the United States have been studied through the worth of BMI (Li, & Hooker, 2010).


The article from the Journal of School Health incorporates research collected from the NSCH conducted by the CDC to research the associations between youngsters attending public and private schools, scholar eligibility for the free or reduced-cost meal programs, and family SES on children’s BMI (Li, & Hooker, 2010).

Issues such as father or mother schooling and activity level along with youngster tv and video game use are noted as attainable associative factors which will result in childhood weight problems. The research additional illustrates the implications for college well being policy and its need for wellness curricula to advertise wholesome consuming and physical train (Li, & Hooker, 2010). By inspecting the background and methodology used within the creation of this research, one can see how the information was used to help formulate and prove the hypotheses giving a larger understanding of the analysis course of.

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