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Arabian Nights

In The Arabian Nights, a group of Arabic folktales, Shahrazad makes use of the “˜Chinese field effect’ to connect her tales to 1 one other so as to continue telling the story to King Shahrayar. The tale of the Husband and the parrot has variety of tales which are associated to every other tales and to the original story in lots of advanced methods. The subtales of The Story of the Fisherman and the Demon focus on a selected theme, trust, with relations between the characters and the analogy of the conditions.

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A close reading of The Tale of the Husband and the Parrot reveals this particular tale told by King Yunan to the vizier is positioned in the book particularly to increase the significance of trust. By linking the tragic death of King Yunan to his distrustful action, Shrazad ultimately tries to persuade King Shahrayar to make the best choice: not to kill Sharazad herself and different girls.

The story makes an analogy with the story of the King Yunan and the sage Duban.

It parallels the king to the husband and the sage to the parrot. The parrot appears as “intelligent, educated, sensible and retentive,” (p. 41) just like the sage is described within the story. By listing these adjectives concerning the parrot, the king emphasizes the parrot is a trustworthy chook that shouldn’t be killed. On the other hand, the king thinks the spouse, who’s “splendidly beautiful that she was excellent itself” (p. 41) and does not let her husband travel and leave her behind, should not be trusted.

King Yunan means that the vizier is taking half in a trick on him just like the husband “had been tricked by his wife” (p. 42). The effect of this clear analogy between the tales is that it leads the readers to anticipate the king not to kill the sage as a end result of “the same factor will occur,” (p. 42) meaning that the king may have regrets if he kills the sage.

The objective of this explicit story is to strongly advise the virtue of trust. Against expectation, King Yunan kills the sage just like the husband killed the parrot in The Tale of the Husband and the Parrot. In both instances, the main characters regret what they’ve done. King Yunan does not take his personal recommendation: “Don’t do what you’ll remorse afterward” (p.41). Instead he kills the sage, which he regrets afterwards which destroys the expected ending of the story. Then, the readers start to marvel what significance this one-page tale has in The Story of the Fisherman and the Demon. As the tale of the King Yunan and the sage Duban proceeds, the significance of the story of the husband and the parrot turns into clear.

As a result of King Yunan mistrusting the sage and lacking the boldness in his perception, the king dies of a tragic demise. By presenting this tragedy of the king who made the wrong selection by trusting the jealous vizier, the story emphasizes the significance of making a morally correct decision and having a faith in it. If the story of the husband and the parrot had not been in the story, the king would not have had the choice that was morally right and due to this fact would not have proven his indecisive nature. The existence of the right determination that the king should have made causes the dying of the king to be extra tragic which reveals a stronger message to trust in others which have good conscience and imagine in oneself.

Another position of the Tale of the Husband and the Parrot involves its purpose to the original situation of Shahrazad and the king. The king has a big problem in trusting ladies due to his wife’s unfaithfulness, just like the husband’s mistrust of the parrot and the King’s distrust of the sage in the tales. The main objective of Sharazad is to convince the king to make the decision together with his good conscience not to kill the ladies he mistrusts. She suggests that the king ought to “not do what he will regret afterward,” as a result of “the similar factor will happen to” him (p. 41) as did to the husband and King Yunan. The tale of the King Yunan and the Sage Duban is used as Sharazad’s prophecy that applies to the king Shahrayar if he determines to not belief her. The tragedy teaches King Shahrayar a strong lesson of the faith in ethical judgment and the trust in people with good conscience.

The superb influence of the “˜chinese box effect’ in the entire e-book may be well noticed within the Tale of the Husband and the Parrot. The proven truth that this tale doesn’t influence King Yunan’s choice of the sage enhances the misfortune therefore making the theme of the whole story even stronger. The close relation of characters within the sub-tales allows the advice of the story to affect the characters in the entire tales as properly as the final word target of Sharazad’s persuasion, King Shahrayar. Sharazad influences King Shahrayar’s decision upon trusting women and his morality in the strategy of telling stories that are related to the theme, trust.

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