Asch”s 1951 Experiment
This academic writing will criticize Asch’s 1951 experiment on group conformity. The criticism embody lack of ecological underpinnings culture, sex and age of the participant of the experiment as nicely as the sample bias. According to Hill (2001) the Asch conformity experiment had no ecological underpinnings. This simply means that the experiment and the findings couldn’t apply in most real life situations. This is as a result of the environment beneath which the experiment was carried out was managed and there was no room for affect from different components similar to feelings, morals and private notion.
Further on, the experiment was disregarded by the findings of concurrent experiments which showed that the extent of conformity was minimal if the individuals wrote down their answers. The findings revealed that the satisfaction of being anonymous reduced the worry of being judged thereby making peer strain invalid. Moreover the participants were undergraduates and therefore extra intelligent than the goal population. This could have had an impact on the outcomes.
According to current studies, women have been seen to be extra conformist than their male counterparts. In addition to this, the experiment was conducted on American subjects. Other components included the age of the participants which mirrored their stage of experience in life associated issues. As relating to to the experiment, the participants had been all male topics.
In addition to this, they were all considerably younger.Critics under this argument state that older individuals would have offered higher findings since they’re more mature and have experienced different life conditions.
These accompanied by the reality that older individuals have more psychological energy meant that they might have held to their convictions as concerning to what they believed was the true solutions to the questions supplied (Weiten, 2009).However, there’s documented (Eysenck, 2004) proof that people from collectivistic cultures (Africans) usually tend to conform than their counterparts from individualistic cultures (Americans). These factors present that the outcomes of the experiment were not conclusive as they missed other variables as mentioned above.