Assessment Tool Analysis
The objective of this paper is to look at the tools that evaluate on-physical measures whereas making use of Watson’s Theory of Human caring that integrates the mind-body-spirit dimensions to the three assessment instruments chosen. In this paper, I will describe each software and the population for which it may be useful, assessment tool knowledge similar to value, length and every in using the tool. I may even talk about the inhabitants at which it is best designed, and the validity of data gained.
In addition, how this device could enhance the evaluation phase of the nursing process and how it impact high quality of well being care delivered by the nurse will be discussed. These assessment tools might be utilized to adolescent and teenage pregnancy chosen in Week Two within the Vulnerable Population and Self- Awareness task.
Definition of Assessment Tools
Assessment is the deliberate and systematic collection of knowledge to find out the client’s current and past health standing and useful status and to determine the client’s present and previous coping patterns.
Nursing evaluation embrace two steps. The first step entails collection and verification of information from a main source (the client) and secondary sources (e.g., family, well being professionals, and medical record) (Potter & Perry, 2005). Assessment tools are the supplies needed to establish information collection. Data collected could additionally be subjective (client’s perception) or objective (data measured by collector). Example of objective data consists of client’s body language, facial features, very important signs e.t.c. The three assessment tools chosen for this paper are: Beck Depression Inventory, Perceived Stress Scale and Well-Being Picture Scale.
Beck Depression Inventory
There are many evaluation and diagnostic instruments that either measure intelligence, aptitudes, achievements, and behaviors so it was no shock when Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was created in 1961 by Aaron T. Beck, a pioneer in cognitive therapy, with the sole function of figuring out the severity and intensity stage of the symptoms of melancholy. Depression Inventory is defined as a validated measure that has been instrumental in leading to quite a few diagnoses as a result of its most up-to-date revisions that extra carefully resemble the diagnostic standards for depression (Farinde, 2013). The Beck Depression Inventory is a widely utilized 21-item self-report scale in each scientific and research studies. The most up-to-date model; The Beck Depression Inventory-11 which is a totally self-administered format, is a depression ranking that can be utilized in individuals that are ages 13 years and older, and rates symptoms of depression by means of severity on a scale from zero to 3 based on the 21 specific items.
Patients that endorse multiple gadgets on the questionnaire (i.e. sadness, pessimism, past failures, loss of pleasure, responsible emotions, punishment fears, self-dislike, and so forth) sometimes have greater scores with a maximum rating of 63 in comparison with others. For the general population, score of 21 or higher is related to despair however for people who have been clinically recognized, scores from 0-9 characterize minimal depressive signs, scores of 17 to 29 indicate reasonable despair, and scores of 30 to 63 point out severe depression (Farinde, 2013).
Perceived Stress Scale
Stress has long been a significant analysis idea in well being science since it is linked to varied well being outcomes and illnesses, including cancer, diabetes, heart problems, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis (Lee, 2012). The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is among the more popular instruments for measuring psychological stress. It is a self-reported questionnaire that was designed to measure “the diploma to which people appraise situations in their lives are tense.” The Perceived Stress Scale gadgets consider the degree to which individuals imagine their life has been unpredictable, uncontrollable, and overloaded during the earlier month. The assessment gadgets are basic in nature somewhat than focusing on particular events or experiences (Lee, 2012).
According to Lee (2012), the unique instrument is a 14-item scale (PSS-14) that was developed in English, with 7 optimistic gadgets and 7 unfavorable items rated on a 5-point Likert scale. Five years after the introduction of PSS-14, it was shortened to 10 gadgets (PSS-10). A four-item PSS (PSS-4) was additionally launched as a short version for conditions requiring a very quick scale of phone interviews and the PSS is at present translated into 25 languages aside from English. The criterion validity of the PSS was evaluated solely in a few studies; the criteria used have been all questionnaires that showed a weak to moderate association, demonstrating unsatisfactory criterion validity (Lee, 2012).
Well-Being Picture Scale
The theoretical framework that has guided the investigation of well-being from a Rogerian perspective relies upon the observation and measurement of health-related variables that are unique to the Science of Unitary Human Beings. Rogerian-science derived principles and the ideas of well-being. The time period well-being, as a measure of health, is appropriate with the ideas and variables which are distinctive to the development of knowledge (Reis and Alligood, 2008). The Well-Being Picture Scale is a 10-item non-language primarily based pictorial scale that measures basic well-being inside the unique human surroundings area course of. Each merchandise on the size has a numeric worth of I to 7, with 70 being the maximum score potential and 10 being the lowest rating attainable. Higher scores indicate higher well-being. Conceptually, the instrument appraises the power field in regard to frequency and depth of motion, awareness of oneself as power, action emanating from the power field, and energy as knowing participation in change within the mutual human and environmental energy subject process.
The WPS was reported by all members to be easily understood (Reis and Alligood, 2008). This scale can be utilized by all people regardless of their ethnic teams. How these instruments enhance the evaluation part and quality of health care Using the Beck Depression Inventory within the evaluation section of the nursing process will facilitate and help the remedy of melancholy in all ages. This evaluation software will aid the early analysis of melancholy and scale back further complications of melancholy. Depression is widespread in Adolescents who’re undergoing stress on account of being pregnant, low vanity and ailments. The nurse can affect the quality of health care delivered to sufferers by reassuring them and referring them to applicable well being care providers.
Using Perceived Stress Scale in the assessment section of the nursing course of, the nurse is healthier able to establish sufferers at higher danger for stress, assist these patients to establish and implement coping skills throughout difficult times. This course of improves the standard of affected person care and consequence. Pregnant adolescent undergoes a major amount of stress and challenges as a weak population. Using the Well Being Picture Scale in the assessment phase of the nursing process, the nurse is healthier in a place to detect a patient’s well-being and well being. The nurse is in a position to detect if the affected person is healthy or not. This is extra of a major prevention for sufferers of all ages. This assessment software is usually really helpful for pregnant women. Health care providers are able to comply with up with sufferers to observe their wellness or impression of prognosis on their common well being. Application of tools to Adolescent pregnancy
Adolescent women face pressures which may be distinctive to their inhabitants and make them especially weak. Girls carry disproportionate domestic world burden and are denied management opportunities and energetic neighborhood affairs (Bailey, 2012). These elements made the lifetime of adolescent girls stressful and complicated which may trigger despair. Beck Depression Inventory, Perceived Stress Scale and Well-Being Scale are tools that can be used during the evaluation phase of the nursing process in adolescents. Adolescent women who turn out to be pregnant could develop melancholy while making an attempt to balance college, baby, work and relationships, thereby, making all three tools useful to the nurse during initialInventory, Perceived Stress Scale and Well-Being Scale as evaluation tools help facilitate better nurse-patient relationship and better care for our patients
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