Argumentative Essay In Favor of Euthanasia

“Euthanasia is the administration of a deadly agent by one other individual to a patient for the purpose of relieving the patient’s intolerable and incurable suffering”. When we talk about euthanasia it is meant as a method to help someone to attain a good death. The majority of those that seek euthanasia are terminally sick and wouldn’t have any other options. Either they stay alive and undergo from the severe pain, the signs, and the side effects like bedsores, or they resolve to end their agony and select the only different different.

Unlike what some individuals assume, euthanasia is used as a final resort and is only meant for individuals who face an imminent death. It is not meant “to kill”, however to help the dying die with dignity. Given that everyone has the proper to die with dignity, as quickly as the suffering comes to a choice to shorten his or her final days or weeks so as to end the unbearable pain, the society ought to accept it and do every thing of their energy to make it possible.

Euthanasia is taken into account accepted among its supporters provided that the next ethical pointers are met. The particular person must be an grownup in a rational frame of mind, whose terminal suffering occurs to be unbearable despite the most effective medical efforts. Secondly, the person must have clearly made a thought of determination. As Timothy M. Quill illustrates in his essay “Death and Dignity” Diane, a girl identified with terminal leukemia, her husband, and her son talked about her disease and the choices together with therapy extensively; nevertheless, “She remained very clear about her wish not to bear chemotherapy and to live whatever time she had left outdoors the hospital”.

An particular person can categorical his or her preferences about healthcare on the finish of life, for instance by writing a dwelling will, and even, in today’s extra open and tolerant society, freely focus on the choice of euthanasia with a health-care professional or a member of the family.

Timothy M. Quill notes in the same essay Diane’s wish to die, once she “lost control of herself and her dignity”. She discussed this wish with her household and her doctor and requested them for his or her assist and help. They weren’t happy about this, however they agreed to respect her selection, and that is what they did. Her physician had common meetings together with her and talked to her about “the philosophy of comfort care”, but additionally about the “Hemlock Society”. As her situation worsened, she known as up her closest associates together with her physician and mentioned goodbye to them. Two days later she asked her husband and her son to depart her alone for an hour after saying goodbye to them. After an hour, they discovered her useless “covered by her favorite shawl”. Euthanasia should not be carried out on the first data of a life-threatening illness, and the person should seek cheap medical assist to treatment or no less than slow down the progress of the terminal disease.

Life is precious and can be worth a struggle. Euthanasia is only an choice when the battle is hopeless and the agony unbearable. However, once the decision is made, the treating doctor should be informed and his or her response must be considered. It is all the time potential, that the diagnosis has been misheard or misunderstood; furthermore, the individual’s choice might have been triggered by main melancholy or another curable mental sickness. I suppose everyone would agree that every doctor confronted with a patient seeking help to commit suicide ought to involve psychiatric session so as to rule out main depression earlier than euthanasia ought to even be considered. After excluding any form of a treatable sickness, it ought to be the physician’s choice whether or not or to not help the affected person to commit suicide.

Under regular circumstances we wouldn’t have the proper to kill or to let someone die, however there are some exceptions to this rule. A doctor is permitted to withhold treatment and let the patient die, if it’s so desired by the patient or a legal representative. However, if the identical individual beneath the same circumstances wishes to be helped immediately to be able to end his or her struggling, the physician is not allowed to help this particular person put an finish to his or her life. According to the American Medical Association “The physician who performs euthanasia assumes unique duty for the act of ending the patient’s life”. On the opposite hand the AMA additionally states “Physicians have an obligation to relieve ache and struggling and to advertise the dignity and autonomy of dying patients of their care.

This contains providing effective palliative therapy despite the fact that it may foreseeably hasten dying.”The above statement shows us that AMA prohibits energetic euthanasia, “the administration of a deadly agent by one other particular person to a affected person for the purpose of relieving the patient’s intolerable and incurable struggling.”, but allows passive euthanasia, “at least in some instances, to withhold therapy and permit a affected person to die”. James Rachels argues for why physicians ought to place passive euthanasia in the same category as lively euthanasia. First, strategies of passive euthanasia lengthen the suffering of the patient, as a end result of it takes longer to passively allow the patient to die than it will if energetic measures have been taken.

Second, Rachels argues that passive euthanasia encourages the doctor to make selections on irrelevant grounds. For example, children born with Down’s syndrome usually have correctable congenital defects, however sometimes the dad and mom refuse the surgery, as a outcome of they are not trying for a toddler with Down’s syndrome; subsequently, they let the infant die. Rachels’ example may be slightly excessive, but when we actually want to be honest with ourselves, we ought to always recognize that lively euthanasia seems to be more humane in some cases than passive euthanasia.

Advances in medical know-how caused a number of miracles to keep us wholesome and to assist us live longer; however, trendy medication has not completely solved the issue of terminal sickness and pain. It has even contributed to the complication of the decisions we might be confronted with in the course of the end of our life, or the life of a beloved one. We are going to face life-and-death decisions, we should always all the time choose life over dying when life is truly possible, however tragic circumstances can make the afterlife a greater life for some folks. Euthanasia is an option not a destination. After all “No one needs to live to be one hundred, until you ask the person who is ninety-nine.”

Reference

pagehttp://www.starcourse.org/euthanasia.htmhttp://www.togopeacefully.com/http://www.missouri.edu/~philwb/Quill.HTMTimothy E. Quill, M.D.

Death and DignityA Case of Individualized Decision MakingPrinted in The New England Journal of Medicine,March 7, 1991, Vol. 324, No. 10, pp 691-694.

http://www.banned-books.com/truth-seeker/1994archive/121_5/ts215n.htmlDeath and Dignity: Making Choices and Taking Charge by Timothy E. Quill. W.W. Norton & Company, New York. ©1993The American Medical Associationhttp://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/category/8458.htmlhttp://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/category/8457.htmlhttp://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/category/8459.htmlJames Rachels : Active and Passive

Argumentative Speech

Argumentative Speech

Freedom of Speech

We all know what the general meaning of freedom of speech is. But let me let you know a deeper that means of freedom of speech. Freedom of speech is the best, guaranteed by the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, to specific beliefs and concepts with out unwarranted authorities restriction. Speech is built in to our lives as a method to communicate with others. That’s why I believe everybody has the liberty and right to talk.

Some nations still restrict the people’s proper to speak. One of them is North Korea. North Korea is certainly one of the 5 remaining countries that undertake the communist ideology. According to Wikipedia, anybody in North Korea who tries to talk to the public about the government shall be despatched to labor camps and be compelled to work there. Worst case scenario, they get executed. North Korea just isn’t the one country who does this. Myanmar, Nepal, and the relaxation of the communist countries do that as properly.

I believe this has to stop for all humans have the same rights and none of us are superior to anybody. It’s additionally a matter of honoring human rights.

There needs to be steps taken to guarantee that freedom of speech is out there to everyone. The first main movement in freedom of rights is the creation of the First Amendment. According to Wikipedia, the First Amendment prohibits the making of any legislation respecting an establishment of faith, impeding the free train of faith, abridging the liberty of speech, infringing on the liberty of the press, interfering with the proper to peaceably assemble or prohibiting the petitioning for a governmental redress of grievances.

It was adopted on December 15 1791 as one of many Ten Amendments. I imagine that from that point on, freedom of speech has been more widespread and movements like that make the world a greater place. Democratic international locations are the right examples of a rustic that honors the freedom of speech. In a democratic country, the persons are the rulers, and the freedom of speech is used by the people to make the nation better.

The freedom of speech has a significant impact in our social life. For example, without the freedom of speech, we wouldn’t have the ability to object to
one thing that the individuals assume doesn’t seem right. A few months in the past, the employees in Jakarta asked for a minimum wage improve due to rising prices on items. The workers are using their freedom of speech to express their thoughts to the federal government. The authorities finally elevated the minimal wages. Another instance is without freedom of speech, the federal government would control the folks. The authorities would make rules that doesn’t honor human rights, like North Korea. I’m sure no one needs that to happen.

Some might argue that there must be large limits on freedom of speech. That freedom of speech ought to be limited to our society only and that freedom of speech doesn’t cowl the right to communicate about the federal government. But give it some thought, if freedom of speech is limited, we won’t be succesful of change rules which are made by the federal government. We won’t be succesful of change what’s wrong with the rules. A good instance is the US right now. Recently the US has been found to spy on US citizens and other countries through the internet. This was revealed by someone who works inside that authorities. If freedom of speech didn’t exist, the US residents would have by no means identified that their government was spying on them. But as a result of freedom of speech exists, we are in a place to know. Countries shouldn’t be in a position to limit our freedom to speech.

We know now how essential freedom of speech is. How crucial it’s for every certainly one of us. We all have the best to know, we all have the best to tell. We all have the best to protest if something is wrong in the authorities. We would possibly feel offended by one thing someone says. We might also offend somebody by something we are saying. But the world has determined that freedom of speech is essential, and it has been proven by the creation of the First Amendment. No one ought to have the ability to limit our minds and restrict our rights to speech. There must be steps taken to make sure our freedom to speech. So far it has been good, however we want extra progress. We need to speak out our ideas. So far the US has been the country that pushes freedom of speech probably the most. We all need to observe their instance and push the rights to speech. I wouldn’t even be talking right here if freedom of speech didn’t exist.

Argumentative Synthesis: The Curse of Being Famous

“ In the twenty-first century, the world truly has turn out to be a stage, with the fixed presence of cameras recording virtually each features of our lives” (Gales, 2010,1). Nowadays, our lives revolve around fame and the movie star tradition. In reality, being well-known is a target hunted by an enormously large portion of the inhabitants. If you consider it, who wouldn’t want to be insanely rich? Who wouldn’t want to be the middle of attention? We have this concept that being well-known is having an idyllic life during which you get whatever you need, you go wherever you want and see whoever you feel like seeing.

Put in different words, for us “originals” or ought to I say “non-famous” people, being famous is just like the seventh heaven, a joyful and fulfilled life, a blessing. Moreover, with the mass development of media know-how, the celebrity tradition is now being easily widespread. One easy click on on a button of a distant control or a computer is all it takes to notice that superstar information and gossip is in all places.

For the basic public, the lives of the “Rich and Famous” is a form of leisure and ongoing amusement.

Nevertheless, we fail to see that “celebrity tradition drowns out public discourse and encourages materialism and self-absorption”(Hedges, 2011, 1) or that “a culture built on celebrity can lead to widespread personality issues corresponding to an obsession with the self” (Gale, 2010, 1). In my opinion, as much as “being famous” can seem like a blessing, something that promotes happiness, well-being and prosperity, it’s truly a curse that pushes us away from what really matters in life and makes us obsessive about consideration and appearances.

First of all, it’s protected to say that fame is a world by which individuals seek to be within the spotlight.

In reality, famous individuals are continuously heard, talked about or even adopted. Their actions and latest news are posted everywhere in the media. A superstar can even be on the cover of the most well-known magazine for doing something so banal and mundane like cleaning the dishes or going buying. As a whole, fame is all about attraction and appearances. The unhappy this is that, us “non-famous” individuals look as a lot as them and see ourselves in them. We unconsciously need to turn into like them. “We yearn to face earlier than the digital camera, to be seen and admired” (Hedges, 2011, 2). Celebrity culture has made us obsessed with the self.

Unfortunately, not everybody is famous, so as a substitute of capturing one’s consideration by appearing in tv channels or magazines, we have created our personal world of fame; Internet and social networks. A click on on anyone’s Facebook profile or Twitter account is all it takes to note that we are actually “devoted to presenting our image to the world” (Hedges, 2011, 2). Being well-known has thus modified our major aims in life, making us believe that appearances and getting people’s consideration is a key to success and happiness. Now what do you think occurs to those who fail to get attention?

Secondly, we can additionally add that fame and the celebrity tradition makes us concentrate on the trivial and the absurd. Celebrities are bombarding the media whether by the exposure of their true abilities or their newest mundane news. Nowadays, some folks like Paris Hilton or Kim Kardashian are famous simply for being well-known. They are well-known and worshiped due to their inherited health or well-known connections. Instead of following the news or reading the newspaper, folks are actually watching these stars’ actuality reveals and gossiping about it. This obsession with the “Rich and Famous” has changed our perception of actuality.

What really issues in our lives […] doesn’t fit into the cheerful joyful discuss that we mainline into our brains” (Hedges, 2011, 1). We hear people round us continually speaking about Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie’s youngsters as an alternative of discussing actual matters similar to that of kids in poor nations who are dying of starvation, thirst and who are victims of violent wars. Fame not solely adjustments our life aims by making us concentrate on what others take into consideration us and how others see us, nevertheless it also makes us change the greatest way others see the world, by giving them unimportant stuff to focus on as an alternative of concentrating on what actually matters in life.

Being famous focuses on the self and the mundane, making “nothing else in life count” (Hedges, 2011, 2) Furthermore, fame and the celebrity culture feeds us with numerous lies and “false promises” (Hedges, 2011, 3). We all want to be just like the celebrities we see on our television screens, “we are ready for our cue to walk onstage and be admired and envied, to become known and celebrated” (Hedges, 2011, 2). The movie star existence we see on TV or in magazines make us imagine that fame can fill the emptiness in our lives, that “doing what the celebrities do” will convey us energy, will make us envied and profitable.

We then enter a world of make-believe, which makes us neglect reality. Fame is not a blessing in spite of everything. It is extra of a faux world created by individuals who reside to impress others, individuals who make actuality shows seem more essential than the truth itself. It is a state of being that makes us mentally disturbed by focusing on the self and sociably accepted appearances. Nevertheless, “as the cultural significance of the media grew, […] it soon turned clear that a person’s presence in the media was enough to create cultural significance. (Gale, 2010,1).

In different phrases, anyone is able to being well-known these days, particularly with the help of the media that isn’t hard to entry with its mass improvement. We have seen above that these days, people are simply becoming famous (like Paris Hilton or Kim Kardashian) which implies that fame can be seen as an equal alternative for all. Being well-known can additionally be a supply of democracy and equality. However, what happens to the large portion of the population that isn’t a part of the television’s graded community?

Those who have failed to turn out to be well-known will then have to endure psychological penalties such as self-doubt, inferiority and worthlessness, which brings us again to the point that being famous plays with our minds to an extent that it makes us unwell. Furthermore, “the celebrities’ lives provide enriching human narratives” (Gabler, 2011, 1). Their tales and information are in all places, which makes us continually conscious of all the basic particulars which might be occurring in their lives. Through celebrity tradition, individuals are incessantly entertained.

Moreover, the experiences and superstar incidents they see in front of them make them study new stuff like love, household and social drawbacks. Celebrity information creates suspense, present pleasure and maintain us entertained. It makes the neighborhood share a typical expertise, which portrays a sort of unity. It is necessary to say that not all of the celebrities are famous just for the sake of being famous; some of them have real talents like singers, dancers, writers or even athletes. Therefore, fame lets them share their talent with the world and make use of it.

It is true that fame has turn into like a “new art type of the 21st century” (Gabler, 2011, 2), an art that provides narratives and continuous entertainment for the basic public. Fame has its ways of uniting folks and making them evolve in life. Nevertheless, the social penalties and especially those associated to the self outweigh the useful side of fame. Celebrity culture in the end modifications reality and people’s considerations in life. In conclusion, I really feel that although being famous is amongst the major targets of most of the population, it is a curse that performs with our vanity, our beliefs and our society.

Argumentative text about education at home

Education means school, lecture rooms and annoying teachers- for me. But it doesn’t imply this any more. There is an increasing number of parents now who teaches their kids at residence.

Education at house has advantages and downsides. One benefit is that children can study versatile. Their dad and mom may give them a special timetable every single day to make studying more interesting. Secondly the kids won’t be affected by legal classmates and wouldn’t learn dangerous issues.

But there are disadvantages too.

First of all, kids might lastly feel lonely if they research at house every day. At faculty, they might study collectively and have fun within the break with other students. That’s a straightforward method for children to seek out friends. However, learning at house with their parents, children might onerous find a pal.

see extra:paragraph writing on my school

Secondly, kids might find it troublesome to work with others, as a end result of they’re used to study or work alone.

But sometimes you need to work with colleagues as a group in your job. But in case you have issues with group members, you could lose your job.

Finally, kids could presumably be worse of their examine, evaluating with children who have classes at school. Their dad and mom can not give a guarantee, the standard of schooling of their children.

Sure, there are numerous individuals who graduated from university however that doesn’t imply that they’re good teachers. In addition, parents also need to concentrate on their work, which suggests they can’t spend all day with the training of their children.

In conclusion, youngsters can be taught extra and have lots of associates once they go to highschool. Furthermore, youngsters can even easily take care of a group work. Therefor parents shouldn’t assume a huge accountability to teach their kids at residence.

Argumentative Essay Against Euthanasia

Introduction
Euthanasia is the follow of intentionally killing a person to spare him or her from having to cope with more pain and struggling. This is always a controversial concern because of the ethical and moral elements that are involved. This paper will focus on the arguments towards euthanasia.

Discussion
Euthanasia is clearly towards the Hippocratic Oath that each one docs need to fulfil. This oath principally states that medical doctors must never be involved within the killing of individuals as a outcome of in any case, they have been educated to guarantee that persons are in a position to get well from their diseases and accidents.

Doctors are the ones whom folks entrust their lives every time there’s something wrong with their well being. Thus, it is the duty of the doctors to at all times do the most effective they’ll to assist individuals stay and enjoy their lives (Cavan 48). If their patients die beneath their supervision, the doctors can settle for this for so long as they know and may show that they really did their best and exhausted all prospects to make sure the survival of the sufferers.

There are just sure cases the place the disease or the damage of the patients has turn into so critical that it is already difficult to treat and make the patients recover. In these cases, it is unfair accountable the docs for the dying of the sufferers. The Hippocratic Oath helps the doctors to understand how necessary their responsibilities are to the folks when it comes to their health. This oath also provides an assurance to the people that they’ll trust their docs and be assured that they’ll do no matter is critical to assist them cope with their health problems.

If euthanasia becomes legalized, then the effectiveness of the Hippocratic Oath shall be negated and the docs can have the option of immediately resorting to euthanasia especially in troublesome cases as a substitute of trying their finest until the very end.

Another argument against euthanasia is that it is essentially homicide
as a end result of the docs will kill the affected person even when it has been accredited by the affected person himself or the household of the affected person. Euthanasia isn’t that totally different from homicide because they both involve killing a person. The only distinction is that in euthanasia, there might be mercy and consent involved while in homicide there might be none (Tulloch 82). If murder is prohibited by law because individuals take matters into their own arms and kill others, then euthanasia must also be banned because medical doctors take matters into their own hands and kill their patients even if there is consent from the sufferers and their households or relatives.

Lastly, the continued enhancements and improvements in the area of medication and health care make euthanasia illogical to be carried out as an choice. The reason why medical experts continue to work exhausting to give you improved medical technologies, medicines and therapy methods is that they need to be positive that the sick persons are able to recover quicker and wholesome individuals become even healthier. All of those efforts are being carried out to make the society turn out to be more productive because of the presence of healthy and strong individuals (McDougall 26). Thus, docs won’t have an excuse for not doing their finest for his or her sufferers as they already have entry to the most effective medical applied sciences, medicines and remedy methods that can stop them from having to resort to euthanasia as the one choice.

Conclusion
There is little question that euthanasia must be banned as primarily based on the three arguments mentioned above, it doesn’t deserve a spot in human society. Doctors must never give up on their sufferers regardless of how hopeless the state of affairs might be. They should exhaust all options to give their sufferers a combating probability to outlive and

Argumentative Essay on Bilingual Education

Bilingualism is the ability to talk two languages. Bilingual Education is being taught college topics in two different languages. The United States is home to tens of millions of immigrants each with their very own native backgrounds. The United States require the immigrants to study the complete English languages when settling into the country. The colleges ought to give the chance to bilingual college students, or new student immigrants the advantage to be taught the English language or to be taught in two different languages.

This would give the scholars the benefit in studying two totally different languages that will assist them sooner or later.

They should be able to learn their very own native language and converse it in personal but in addition in public, nonetheless, they should also be taught the English language whether or not when entering the country, college, or private tutoring. Bilingual Education shouldn’t be forced by the government; it must be their own free chose. As the immigrants turn out to be more fluent within the English language they’ll have a greater chance getting jobs, communication, and helping their own kids study the English language.

The United States should not focus solely on English Only Movement they should offer the chance of Bilingual Education for its residents, but additionally maintaining English as one of the major languages within the nation. First, the United States wants not to give consideration to making English the one language but work extra on helping the new immigrants learn the English language. The United States must do more to forestall the issue of immigrants in the United States having hassle getting jobs or maintaining within the classroom as a end result of they are not fluent in English.

If the immigrants have been taught the complete English language coming into the country it’s going to assist the youngsters within the classroom learn easier by maintaining with the trainer and also give the dad and mom the advantage to communicate with their childrens lecturers. The immigrants have a selected to choose to be taught the English language freely they will nonetheless communicate their own native language in wherever they need, but should be capable of know the English language if they live in the United States. The United States needs to help enhance the problems that the immigrants will encounter as they live in the United States and give the new immigrants an equal probability.

The United States is a country combined with different native backgrounds and ethnicties; it is all the time present process assimilation of some type. It is type of a “salad bowl” the place not everybody assimilates together however is combined together. American has a typical language and that is English, but American must also not drive English solely on immigrants or citizens, however, they need to teach the new immigrants the English language and still permit them their very own native languages. The United States mustn’t single out the immigrants by now permitting them to talk their native language in public and only communicate the English language.

Another cause for Bilingualism in the United States is Bilingual Education. Bilingual Education is the learning of college topics in two languages, the “use” and “knowing” of two different languages. The United States should have sure colleges all through the country that provide bilingual classes. The students ought to have the selected to be taught another language or to be taught English whereas in the meanwhile they nonetheless are able to learn within the native language till the learn the complete English language. See extra argumentative essay samples.

As the scholars learn one other language they turn out to be knowledgeable in the writing, studying, talking and comprehension of that language. Students within the fourth grade who’re Spanish talking natives have realized the English languages are studied on their knowledge of the two languages. The gathered tales from their families in Spanish and had been to rewrite the story in English. The research shows that by having children become bilingual in two languages gave them higher alternatives in life and broaden their skills in the classroom and within the social and cultural world.

This research helps the argument on bilingual training for immigrants and also shows the advantages one may have by changing into bilingual. As they be taught the English language, in addition to their own native language it might possibly assist them in many ways. As the students be taught English in the classrooms they aren’t told to forget their own native languages. When college students who communicate a native language and have not realized the English language enter a classroom filled with English talking students will turn into intimidated and afraid.

The English language is a public language used all through the nation in all completely different areas. As the students who do not know the English language are compelled into a classroom of English only are more than doubtless going to fall behind the other college students from not understanding utterly what’s being taught and mentioned by the instructor and their own classmates. Students should have the opportunity to be in a classroom where they’re taught the English language but also learning the topics which might be being taught in class.

They ought to have the advantage to be taught the subjects in two completely different languages so that they’ll have a greater understanding of the subjects. After a year or two a minimum of the students ought to be able to be placed in a standard English solely classroom and have the flexibility to do properly. It should be a transition for the scholars as they’re ready for the transfer into a regular English classroom. Many scholar immigrants have made the transition for their very own native language to the English language and turn out to be better assimilated with the nation.

Although most student immigrants parents are fluent in their native language most approve of their children being taught one other language and turning into bilingual. The parents have a job in their childrens learning another language, nevertheless it can be crucial on their childrens improvement of one other language as they impart with their children in that native language within the privateness of their house. In a research most immigrant mother and father support bilingual schooling for their youngsters and few oppose it.

They consider that their kids being bilingual will give them many advantages, as serving to the kids in the classroom or leading their youngsters to a excessive profession alternative. The youngsters are capable of converse their native language at their house, however as they converse English at residence they are serving to their mother and father also learn the language. When the youngsters know the English language it helps them be ready to talk simpler with the rest of the country. Bilingual Education and Bilingualism isn’t one thing that may have an effect on the United States in a dangerous means.

The United States is a free nation permitting all immigrants from all diversities come into this nation. America should require the model new immigrants to learn the complete English language so that they’re ready to talk with the the rest of the country and in a position to get jobs. Schools should give the immigrant college students who are not fluent in English the opportunity to study English and college subjects in their native languages in a separate classroom, until they are fluent enough to keep up with the trainer and the materials they’re taught in a regular English classroom.

If America permits Bilingualism and Bilingual Education then it will give the immigrants an opportunity at studying English to reside in the country comfortably, go to high school in English lecture rooms and work in English jobs. They are still allowed to speak their very own native languages within the public and within the privateness of their own house. Bilingualism should not be pressured on anybody. It ought to be a transitional act to assist them remodel more into the United States.

Argumentative Essay: Plastic Bags vs Paper Bags

One drizzling day, Aling Saling bought half a kilo of rice. It was put in a brown paper bag which the 40-year-old housewife held at the backside, all 10 fingers at full stretch. But one side of the bag ruptured, too weak to carry even its meagre content material. Aling Saling coddled her torn paper bag like a child to keep what was left of her treasured rice from spilling onto the moist pavement. She was torn: ought to she kneel and pick up her rice one grain at a time or take refuge from the rain and protect what was left?

She walked on, her shoulders hunched over her bag.

Her experience captured the essence of the continuing debate in regards to the plastic ban, which has resulted in the shift to the use of paper luggage. Our world right now is experiencing an environmental dilemma notably on the quite a few solid wastes around us. This is what pushed the government to implement an ordinance that might ban plastic bags and use paper luggage as an alternative.

But did the federal government thought of the potential environmental results that this various would possibly bring?

Are they positively aware that using paper baggage as a alternative for plastic luggage could probably be of a lot help to mankind and to our environment? The use of plastic bags had been banned given that it clogs sewers and drainage canals that lead to floods and other environmental injury. But, what people do not know is that it comes with lots of benefits. First, plastic luggage are low-cost, reusable and can be recycled even when wet and may hold heavy weights compared to paper baggage.

Second, they use less energy in phrases of their manufacturing and it generates much less atmospheric air pollution when produced and transported and third, it’s more climate pleasant compared to paper bags and for it to be made, timber do not have to be reduce. These are the principle benefits of utilizing plastic bags not only to the surroundings but additionally to mankind. Noli Jimenez on his article “Biodegradable Plastic Bags”, believed that plastic bags are a marvel of recent expertise as a outcome of it might be made very hin with minimal raw material and are still strong enough to carry a heavy load of shopping. He also mentioned that no different carry-all container can hold 2,500 times its own weight and stay robust even when wet. Even although a lot of people think about paper as a more eco-friendly choice than plastic, some of them do not know that the creation of a plastic bag requires 40% less power than that of a paper bag. In addition, paper bag production requires 50% more water pollution and 70% more air air pollution than plastic bag production.

Furthermore, to make one ton of paper, 17 trees need to be reduce and none for plastic; furthermore, a gallon of potable water from public provide is used per paper bag whereas only one gallon of water is used to make an estimated of 116 to one hundred twenty five plastic bags. Paper baggage don’t have handles making it tougher to carry and are much less most popular for reuse as a end result of they cannot maintain heavy masses and is unrecoverable when moist. Plastic baggage, however have handles that makes it extra convenient to reuse and can still be used even when moist, making it extra helpful and helpful.

Carlito Soon, PPIA director and board member of the Packaging Institute of the Philippines, mentioned that a total ban on plastic luggage would not clear up the issue and will only result to 600,000 workers losing their jobs. On the aforementioned problems on the usage of paper baggage, it also has its advantages. For instance, it is biodegradable and decomposes simply than plastic baggage. It doesn’t clog sewers and isn’t visible in landfill or waterways.

When one ton of paper luggage is reused or recycled, three cubic meters of landfill house is saved and 13-17 trees are spared. On high of that, paper luggage do not emit many dangerous effects on the environment and to man. Banning plastic baggage just isn’t the most effective answer in any case for it might be of nice assist to our environment and to mankind. We can not just ignore its benefits and contemplating the reality that it is eco-friendly in its own ways; subsequently, I say that plastic bags should be managed and folks should know the means to dispose them properly as a substitute of banning it.

In addition, it’s the misuse and improper disposal of plastic baggage that causes damage to the environment, not the product itself. I even have nothing against the government however simply to reconsider the utilization of plastic bags again. Who knows? Maybe at this level, chemists might be considering of ways to enhance the composition of plastic luggage making it extra eco-friendly providing less air pollution to our environment and less hurt to man.

Argumentative Essay: A Change in Education System

The Philippines academic system is undergoing a big change which follows the worldwide educational system. The K-12 system is the system utilized by the United States and other international locations. The K-12 system is started by the Aquino Administration. The authorities will add two yr plus Kindergarten. Many individuals assume that implementing the program in the Philippines shall be insignificant and unnecessary but others suppose that it will improve the country’s educational system and the country as a complete. I agree with the K-12 system that may assist students embrace a greater quality education and can give them more job alternatives, particularly overseas.

There are many arguments relating to the K-12 implementation. I have chosen three arguments to talk about. First, dad and mom are not financially stabled. Money would hinder the implementation of the system. The dad and mom would pay two more years for the training of their kids. Their kids would learn extra and achieve extra data for these further two 12 months of education.

The money that the mother and father pay shall be put into good use for their children’s future. But the mother and father would be spending much more than they expected for good quality schooling. The parents usually are not ready to pay for 2 extra years of training. The plan of the administration was sooner than anticipated. And some parents usually are not happy with this plan due to financial problems.

Second, enhance the quality training we’ve in our country. The Philippines want good high quality training as a result of we now have a poor education system.

The K-12 system will help the nation to have a better standard of education the federal government can add more to the curriculum. The development of getting an improved high quality schooling would result in an earlier success in a student’s life. It could take him/ her lengthy to complete high school but he/ she gained extra data than the student’s who prepared in 10 years. The student would take longer to finish his/ her primary training however might be more prepared. It is sufficient that the scholar is prepared when reaching the age of 18 after finishing the K-12. Their minds will be mature enough to think better than what is predicted of them if graduated on the age of 16.

Lastly, put together the student for work after graduating. Not all students who graduated will mechanically be sent to a college for school. Some college students prepare themselves to search for a job for the sake of getting money to review in school while some are pressured to work for the sake of serving to the family. The college students who have achieved the 12 year system will automatically be acknowledged professionals as a end result of we are following the international training commonplace. This might be good for our nation. But, the coed has not completed his/ her schooling. He/ she needs to be despatched off to varsity because finishing all levels of training would imply a better job in or out of the country. A scholar can earn more if he/ she finishes school and finds an excellent job.

Based on the arguments said, either good or unhealthy, the K-12 system has a great level. I agree that the mother and father will spend more cash for good schooling however their cash won’t be put into waste. Their children will expertise good high quality training that can good for their future. Of course parents want what’s finest for their children in the high quality of schooling as a result of in the future, their kids will be the ones helping them once they grow old. The old training system is done for 10 years and it might possibly stress a student’s life if the system should have been 12 years. We all know that some individuals have monetary issues that they go to work after high school. 12 years is longer than the 10 yr system however the graduate college students of the K-12 will automatically be acknowledged professionals as a result of we are following the international schooling commonplace. The K-12 system will help college students get a better job overseas due to the quality training that follows the worldwide education normal.

Argumentative Essay: Should Animals Be Used for Research Purposes?

For ages, animals have been utilized for analysis purposes. There are a bunch of situations where testing animals have confirmed to be useful for the human race. Be that as it may, is it right? Is it humane? Furthermore, what offers individuals the proper to hurt these animals for their very own benefit? All issues thought of, there are quite a few views concerning the subject. Some could state that animal testing has its favorable circumstances, because it helps the general public. In any case, what are the benefits of using creatures as take a look at subjects? Right off the bat, diverse research establishments state that with the help of such investigations, there might be nonetheless the chance to stay a long life on Earth.

Simply take into consideration the testing with canines which prompted the finding of insulin. Today the restorative treatment is utilized in order to spare the lives of diabetics. What’s more, presently envision what variety of sick people were recouped and what number of these people utilize insulin at this moment.

Independent of it, the dedication of creatures is super, as today the researchers have formally discovered therapy techniques for such ailments as cerebrum harm, jungle fever, youth leukemia, bosom malignant progress, tuberculosis, and some more.

These days people have hope in seeing one other day. Is it an unimaginable advance forward? Indeed, it is. In any case, what concerning the creatures? Researchers select to guide an examination on a creature with out asking assuming, no human may want to be probed, would they? Things being what they’re, the reason creatures must be utilized for it? They are jeopardized.

The testing of beauty care merchandise is moreover held upon creatures the segments of corrective units can cause bothering, aggravation, and totally different issues. Besides, a number of synthetic substances that are harmful or hurtful to creatures reveal profitable when utilized by people. Ibuprofen, for example, is hazardous for some creature species however has been proven useful for people. Intravenous vitamin C has demonstrated to achieve success in treating sepsis in individuals but has no effect on mice.

We stay in a cutting-edge world, the place expertise and different methods are the primary piece of our daily life. Thus, the beautifying agents can be effectively tried on laptop techniques. It is conceivable at present to see each one of the impacts of an merchandise on the display screen. Then again, after testing on animals, women can make certain that the restorative deserves purchasing, as it is okay for her skin and well-being. Some of you’d ask: why creatures are picked for acknowledging logical research? The response of creatures on numerous wonders can range from that of a human one. All issues considered, it isn’t in every case real. The DNA of chimpanzees is 99% like our personal. Would you imagine mice are 98% compatible with human DNA? It is beautiful, would you say it isn’t? Warm-blooded animals have similar organs that each one of us has, such as lungs, heart, kidneys, and so forth. Because of this likeness, researchers can examine and get familiar with the association of organs, test varied cures and discover the one which may be utilized for restoring individual well-being.

Because of this, all of us should be appreciative for not utilizing our personal organs or people as a whole as experimental check subjects. Be that as it may, a substantial quantity of you need to understand that there is in vitro testing. What are its quirks? All issues thought-about, altogether not to make the most of creatures in examine a number of researchers incline toward using human cells. From one viewpoint, this testing permits making increasingly right choices a couple of disease. There is likewise a supposition that these creatures’ testing moreover spares the lives of creatures. At the purpose when the researcher takes a shot at finding new immunizations, they, above all else, give it a shot in such a method, the creature is inoculated and is imperiled from experiencing illnesses. The different issue which the exams help with is termination. The dark footed ferret, tamarins in Brazil, and condor from California are as yet alive thanks to nonetheless being experimented on.

The logical focus makes me imagine past any doubt that safe methods for research are utilized. Be that as it might, in some instances, these strategies don’t work. The antibody might be organized inaccurately, or it just could not work for no matter purpose. Or possibly, a couple of medicines which will have beneficial outcomes on the human body, can impression creatures in a harmful manner. if that is so, what’s to be accomplished at this point? What to do if the antibody brought on death? There is not any probability to get back, tragically. In any case, the most upsetting factor is that not all creatures which are utilized for explores are ensured by the animal welfare act. Be that as it might, even those creatures, whose life is ensured, can get severely harmed. None of us can envision the torment amid these experiments. imaginative and prescient the torment amid these experiments.

Since folks can’t initiate crude pharmaceutical examinations as check examples, utilizing guinea pigs is noteworthy on this distinctive circumstance. It is advisable to execute logical examinations elsewhere earlier than introducing them to individuals. It is urgent to concur that testing may be a deceptive surprise as contended by sure gatherings in any case, it ought to keep following its advantages and commitments to mankind within the domains of medication examinations and logical disclosures.

Concerning animal testing, straightforward to refute questions develop. In this paper, ‘Should animal testing be surrendered due to moral instances encompassing it?’ frames the discussed inquiry. This inquiry endeavors to disclose whether or not it is possible for students and medicinal researchers to stop utilizing creatures for trial examinations.

The prerequisite for ampleness, prosperity, peculiarity, and affirmation within the spaces of drug use requires cautious eager examinations, which can come up when guinea pigs are added to the equation. Directly off the bat, some animals have buildings that take after these of individuals along these strains, the flexibility to use such animals gives an more and more broad shot of executing an extended take a look at examination.

Utilizing creatures as illustrative of individuals is a primary marvel when examined principally. There are various people who have contested this case as expressed in the examination question. The longing to proceed with the creature testing surprise has enraged varied activists who are towards it.

In any case, it’s apparent and correct that this surprise ought to proceed for additional revelations to be found out. It is sketchy how additional restorative research will happen and how this will appear without the utilization of guinea pigs. This is an unimaginable surprise, which requests the people who are contending in opposition to creature testing to reexamine their stands

Moreover, because of the Animal Welfare Act, animals are imagined to be shielded from abuse and mistreatment. This legislation requires that:

  • Research animals have to be furnished with a sanctuary that pursues the least lodging norms, for example, the right-sized walled in area, prescribed temperature, access to wash nourishment and water, and so forth.
  • Veterinarians ought to normally examine the animals and their living situations.
  • The IACUC might be in command of implementing compassionate therapy of creatures.
  • Research offices supported by the US Public Health Service (PHS) must conform to the arrangements on Human Care and Use of Laboratory Animals pressured by PHS.
  • Each exploration workplace should arrange an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) that may favor all recommendations to utilize creatures for experimentation.

Animal testing is a helpful marvel in natural, therapeutic, and different logical examinations requesting its inclusion. The marvel is useful, appropriate, and should be grasped in spite of the contradicting suppositions. Animal testing helps in creating viable, sheltered, appropriate, subjective, and fewer lethal drugs. Following the benefits of creature testing, its application and enchancment should proceed whereas watching ethical concerns.

Argumentative Essay on which Computer System is better Macintosh or PC

Abstract

This paper goals to supply nicely offered argumentation as to what laptop methods is healthier Apple or PC?  This paper may even present some information and figures and likewise announcement and articles from reliable sources that may support the argumentation relating to what really is the higher laptop system PC or Apple.

Argumentative Essay on which Computer System is healthier Macintosh or PC

Introduction

            Most firms and even pc users at residence are nonetheless discovering finest deals for computers in the Markey.

  Deals that not only would reply their needs when it comes to price, which is all the time the highest most priority, second is efficiency and lastly is compatibility has been constantly been being talked about.  Whether it’s Apple or PC prime producers and distributors like Dell, HP, IBM or Toshiba, there will all the time be one which will be n top of this battle.  But, it’s all the time essential that for some users, it’s not always price that issues, most particularly for the enterprise, efficiency and adoptability or compatibility to laptop methods is all the time the principle criteria, like as an example methods that runs in the company, could have been developed and tested utilizing an apple computer systems and would by some means encounter some irregularities if run in PC or the other way round.

  But these days stress testing are now conducted in order for any system to be nicely adopting the “multi-system” ideas in order to remove the problem concerning compatibility or just workability of the system to completely different pc systems, whether or not it is Apple or PC.

Which Computer System is Better Apple or PC?

            Currently, Apple is gaining in numbers however nonetheless PC’s with its dominant manufacturers Dell and HP are still on high of the chief board.  Most of the experts would say that to ensure that Apple to dominate the market, there are lots of adjustments as nicely as effective advertising strategies that must be done.  The primary reason is that Apple, is at all times behind with Dell and HP and sometimes it has close battle with Toshiba and IBM, this is almost about worth of its hardware, whether or not PC or lap tap.  Like in the case of laptop and PC’s, each Dell and HP are just exchanging position on the top, where HP Dell has dominated the first 3 quarters of 2006, while HP been the superior brand within the last quarter based on unit shipped worldwide, with HP getting eleven, 687 ort 17.4% while its shut competitor Dell has 9,385 or 13.9% and Apple not even included within the top 5, the highest three to fifth had been Lenovo, Acer and Toshiba.  Both of the company additionally supplies a very aggressive pricing scheme, patrons may even purchase a laptap that solely value just under 500 USD, in contrast to in Apple, the bottom worth remains to be more than a thousand USD.  Even most high class market knows how high quality are being put in every Apple merchandise, nonetheless affordability is important as a end result of that is the only method you can entice clients and have a wide choice of preferences that they’ll purchase.  If Apple will continue to be contented with this example, it will be harmful in the sense that if these customers have determined to shift from more advanced PC with a lot of advantages; the company will undergo a lot.  In quick, give attention to worth and continue to innovate their product is the main key, not to mention the effective marketing technique as nicely.  This only exhibits how the future competitors might look like, if solely Apple will concentrate on facing the competition in a really aggressive and open minded strategy, it’ll have a lot of future, most particularly it already has an excellent variety of loyal clients that is aware of how high quality apple could have.  But for the PC manufacturers like Dell HP and Lenovo, there are nonetheless a lot of avenue to proceed to maintain its supremacy in the PC market, and this can be carried out the identical means as offering consumers a wide range of choice of products which caters to a great numbers of different users and most particularly looking after the fee factor will simply make their product continue to be strong and be properly appreciated by its patrons and future consumers as properly.  (Gartner Says Hewlett-Packard Takes Clear Lead in Fourth Quarter Worldwide PC Shipments and Creates a Virtual Tie with Dell for 2006 Year-End Results, 2007).

            The query now lies on, how Apple can survive and may the company focus more on new private digital units corresponding to I pod and I telephone.  Also ought to the firm enable its system to run on each apple and laptop system?  For Apple to outlive in opposition to its prime and really aggressive competitors like Dell an HP, the corporate should focus on either of two things, first, it’s more on buyer consciousness, how many individuals like even a metropolis who maintain an Apple PC or laptap, fairly a number of, what is the cause, it is either not familiar about it or they can’t afford it.  So with that, the technique is more on offering info to the general public most especially market outside the US, like the very troublesome Asian area, it’s like letting the public to know that the product is that higher than the other because of so many features, like construct in and secured OS and it’s upgradeable, inbuilt packages, support, etc.  Just to spotlight just the important ones.  Or have the battle upfront by also introducing new products that are not that prime for the basic public but the high quality should not change, probably measurement may change.  We all know that Apple is thought within the US, which most of its loyal clients are located, however the only drawback was Apple did not penetrated nicely in some other areas, and this is the one that made the PC giants Dell and HP has in opposition to Apple, PC’s are tremendously appreciated outside the US, the place you probably can see very few people used apple, and this has been giving PC a dominant share out there.  The company should additionally provide a greater advertising strategy if it decided to proceed to stay with having the same product, by letting the users to know their benefits or strengths in order for the customers not to actually give consideration to the fee however they may see it more on the performance.  For PC’s, then again, must continue to make used of the massive market share by anticipating a big competition ahead by not only focusing on the price and letting performance be a problem.  PC producers must look into sturdiness and performance as properly to be able to compete well and to stay on prime.

            But based mostly on latest development, Apple starting to surge extra as it was publicly announced  by the administration headed by their CEO Steven Jobs.

“The Macintosh has lots of momentum now,” stated Steven P. Jobs, Apple’s
chief govt, in a phone interview last week. “It is outpacing
the trade.”1

This assertion was confidently introduced by the company CEO after two analysis companies that handles the computer markets mentioned that Apple will move up to third subsequent to Dell and HP bases on product cargo in the US.

“I’m quite happy with the tempo of latest operating methods every 12 to 18
months for the foreseeable future,” he mentioned. “We’ve put out major
releases on the average of one a 12 months and it’s given us the ability to
polish and polish and improve and enhance.”2

            In this assertion, it was the CEO Steven Jobs, who was also very constructive in addition to confident that the release and selling of the brand new Leopard model of its OS X operating system would anchor a schedule of upgrades, which main objective is to surpass its main competitor Windows OS. This only reveals that Apple is making an enormous stride in the market by concentrating on the market by bettering the performance of its operating methods and even committing to proceed in doing it for whole year spherical is a serious one, as nicely beginning to be strengthen its market by increasing its distribution in the US. (Markoff, John, 2007).

1 Markoff, John. As Apple Gains PC Market Share, Jobs Talks of a Decade of Upgrades. (New York Times, 2007) par. 4

            2 Markoff, John. As Apple Gains PC Market Share, Jobs Talks of a Decade of Upgrades. (New York Times, 2007) par. 7

            So how PC and Mac must do to popularize their merchandise to the users.  for Apple example to focus more on their operating system and their advertising strategies nonetheless, what is required is aggressive advertising technique that ought to go on to all possible distribution companions globally, like Asian region, where its market was very weak, with competitive advantages given to them and be capable of prepare to have somewhat dive within the profit will nonetheless be fantastic, simply to make the product be available to the general public and never simply to play secure and simply relying on the regular advantages that their loyal prospects is giving.  Another is that it should create an excellent PR technique via catchy and informative advertisements all throughout tri-media as nicely as the internet.  By doing these, again it should focus on the client consciousness on the benefits and strengths of Apple towards others.  With this approach there is no method for Apple to go down as a substitute it’ll improved its market share in addition to its revenues.  For the PC manufacturers and sellers, with the power to target new market like in phrases of cellular gadgets can be a great plan to introduce available within the market, since Apple, is gaining recognition on this line of merchandise, in addition to persevering with to be aggressive by method of balance attack on value and aggressive marketing strategy will be enough to maintain its dominance over Apple if appropriately utilized.

Conclusion

            In this paper it clearly reveals that PC is still on high of the competitors against Apple laptop techniques.  This is due to the truth that PC pc methods have dominated the market when it comes to its distribution which was reflected in its shipments, particularly in the US.  The PC’s has additionally proven price affordability for its patrons, each when it comes to laptaps and even in desktop computer systems, the place Apple has been selling it higher than the highest PC brands like Dell and HP.

References

“Gartner Says Hewlett-Packard Takes Clear Lead in Fourth Quarter Worldwide PC Shipments and

Creates a Virtual Tie with Dell for 2006 Year-End Results.”  Gartner, Media Relation. 17 January 2007

Markoff, John. “As Apple Gains PC Market Share, Jobs Talks of a Decade of Upgrades.” New York Times. 22 October 2007 < http://groups.google.com.ph/group/alt.sys.pc-clone.dell/browse_thread/thread/895215b32de8a1ce/fca5214764dafd1b%23fca5214764dafd1b>

Marsal, Katie. “Apple Worldwide share of PC market now 3.2 % – report.” AppleInsider. 23 October 2007 < http://www.appleinsider.com/articles/07/10/23/apples_worldwide_mac_market_share_now_3_2_percent_report.html>

Argumentative Essay: Topic-Daily Homework

Procrastination. Students are continuously complaining about receiving too much homework, after they solely have themselves responsible for being negligent. By observing the falling grades of students, one can see that college students want homework as an assist. Homework reinforces the material discovered in school for a clearer understanding. Many college students, nonetheless, continually procrastinate. They blame their lack of sleep and focus in class on homework, yet it was they themselves who mindlessly stared blankly at their pc display screen till midnight; until they lastly realized that they had to complete their homework.

Furthermore, homework prepares college students for a bright future. If they can’t keep up with assignments now, how can they be expected to remain organized in college and within the huge business world? One may argue that college students absorb enough info throughout class. Although this argument holds valid, solely prestigious students are able to do so. Homework can rescue those who are desperately trailing behind in class. If we don’t help them now, they may finally fall like birds with out wings.

To begin with, doing homework lecturers college students the vital high quality of responsibility, a trait very important for fulfillment in life. One may argue that homework is repetitive and strenuous. However, repetition makes college students remember materials. They’ve reviewed the material so many instances, that it is imprinted of their minds like a tattoo. Homework creates higher memorization additionally. In the long run, bosses and managers won’t deal with their workers like babies anymore. They’ll distribute assignments, which is simply like homework.

Excuses and whining will no longer be tolerated. Hence, college students should be taught now, to find a way to prepare for a sunlit future, earlier than it’s too late.

Furthermore, many students and academics claim that enough info is taught during class periods. While it is true that information is taught, is it really “enough”? Kids who are clever and quick might imagine so, however their classmates disagree. There’s merely not sufficient time at school for review and reinforcement. Teachers are busy and can’t help every individual. On the opposite hand, they’ll distribute homework. Homework acts as a comforting pillow to catch college students whom are falling. In class, some college students squint in puzzlement when the fabric written on the board is a jungle of bizarre symbols. Yet their minds can be relieved, understanding that they’ll be capable of review at house.

Moreover, a quantity of college students are dazing off and unfocused in class. Immediately, they swiftly point fingers at homework. When additional interrogated, they frankly level out that they had afterschool actions, such as sports activities and golf equipment. Although it’s true that many college students have time-costing afterschool actions, the power to spend valuable time correctly is another key ability in life. Kids should study to maneuver more rapidly and extra orderly, to find a way to conserve time. Even if a scholar has an extracurricular exercise, if he/she actually cared about college and success, his/her thoughts would be on completing homework. Although procrastinating is extremely tempting, kids should study to focus. In addition, homework is a straightforward grade. You can use sources corresponding to textbooks/notes and you’re within the consolation of your own residence, not like checks. All you must do is full it. If college students take time to complete homework, it actually is a simple excessive grade towards their averages.

In conclusion, homework is a vital part of students’ education. There is not sufficient time throughout class to review everything for everybody who wants assist. Also, homework strengthens traits, such as accountability, to prepare kids for his or her future. Furthermore, homework is a simple grade, unless students procrastinate. As you probably can see, homework proves to be useful in many alternative ways, so why take away an advantage? Students deserve to have a more wholesome schooling and homework will guarantee that.

Argumentative Essay On Catherine And Rodolfo

However the uneasiness began earlier than Catherine and Rodolfo even started to date; Eddie’s dislike for Rodolfo becomes apparent when Rodolfo begins to sing, Eddie rises and strikes upstage partly because Catherine appears to take pleasure in it, he doesn’t like anyone taking Catherine’s consideration away from him, when he has raised her from a toddler, he doesn’t want to be sidelined and forgotten. In addition the lyrics state how troublesome it’s to “love a doll that’s not your own” which is immediately related to the scenario concerning Catherine and Eddie.

Eddie again feels uncomfortable which such a feminine man and he sees the singing as a sign of Rodolfo being “not right” (homosexual). In these occasions fathers would at all times be protective of their daughters, they wouldn’t have the freedom that ladies have now. Therefore the audience would empathise with Eddie attempting to hold on to his daughter. However it shocks the viewers when his parental love is revealed as perhaps, one thing extra sinister, this adds to their pity for him and retains the viewers gripped and guessing what he’ll do next.

Eddie’s growing dislike of Rodolfo becomes evident when he takes Catherine to the “Paramount”, Eddie lightly insults Rodolfo saying that he has “wacky hair”, that he gives him the “Heebie Jeebies” and he even refers to him as being “like a refrain girl”. Eddie clearly feels embarrassed by Rodolfo’s apparent lack of masculinity he even makes reference to his lack of power to Alferi when he states that if he “[closes] the paper fast it may blow him over”.

Rodolfo is seen as a joker amongst lots of his co-workers; they check with his character as, “humorous” yet although Eddie clearly doesn’t like Rodolfo he nonetheless sticks up for him by saying; “he’s received a sense of humour”. This small section of the play shows simply how highly Eddie regards family values, which makes the audience disbelieve Alferi when he means that he “could have completed the story” after Eddie confided in him. This all adds to the tension of the play and makes the ending more intense and surprising.

At the tip of Act 1 tension is building inside the household and we all know that this can all come to a climax and this scene is the calm earlier than the storm; it is the build up that prepares us for the kissing scene which happens firstly of Act 2. At the time, all the Eddie’s feelings are being expressed to Catherine, Alferi or Beatrice and this is all taking place “behind closed doors”. However, on this scene Eddie’s emotions in the path of Rodolfo turn out to be obvious to Marco. It begins with Eddie speaking about respect, directing most of this at Rodolfo after he said that America is

more “free”. Eddie sees this as a possibility to character assassinate Rodolfo and belittle him in entrance of everyone. He begins to say how in Italy you wouldn’t just “drag off some woman without permission”, Rodolfo senses the bitterness in Eddie’s tone and immediately starts to argue how he does have “respect for her”, yet at this point Marco is quick to tell Rodolfo to “come house early” which exhibits how they respect Eddie and don’t quite perceive the true root of Eddie’s uneasiness. Yet Eddie is not

content with embarrassing Rodolfo in entrance of Catherine to that extent, he then tries to push it further by stating that the dock is “no place for him”. However when he realises that Rodolfo and Catherine stop dancing to listen to what he has to say he realises that he has gone too far and again tracks by starting to say how Rodolfo’s expertise such as dress making, cooking and singing are an asset to him. Yet he still senses the stress so adjustments the subject to boxing and makes use of it as a chance to demonstrate his superior strength over Rodolfo by proposing to show him.

As a result of this conversation they begin to spar with a few gentle punches, then after some encouragement Rodolfo starts to throw some barely more durable punches, then Rodolfo grazes his jaw, Eddie then punches back which causes Rodolfo to [stagger]. This is the moment where Eddie’s underlying dislike for Rodolfo becomes obvious to Marco. Marco then decides to play Eddie at his own game; Marco then challenges Eddie to carry a chair from the underside of the leg, Eddie fails the first time but tries many times fails to lift the chair.

Marco uses this as a chance to belittle Eddie the greatest way he did it to Rodolfo. So Marco also makes an attempt to carry the chair and lifts it on his first try, he then raises the chair over Eddie’s head, and conveys a glare of warning which Eddie absorbs, this was an attempt of Marco to intimidate Eddie utilizing a take a look at of strength, and the glare of warning is Marco informally telling Eddie to go away his little brother alone and pick on somebody his own measurement. This scene is the catalyst that aggravates Eddie additional and Eddie sees this as an insult to his honour.

This leads to an explosion of anger in the “kissing scene” initially of Act 2 which is a crescendo that has been build up ever for the explanation that “sub-marines” arrived, which we all know from Alferi’s monologue will result in some type of confrontation and ultimately to Marco’s deportation and Eddie’s death . In “the kissing scene” the ulterior motives and hidden intentions of the leading characters become apparent. The character assassination not happens in secret, “behind closed doors”, on this explosive scene Eddie’s true emotions in direction of Rodolfo are shown and all it takes for this to occur is a “case of scotch whisky”.

The scene begins with Eddie entering the home to see Catherine and Rodolfo in the bed room doorway, at this sight Eddie’s arm jerks slightly in shock, which shows his discomfort which then leads to Eddie exploding with anger and ordering Rodolfo to “pack it up” and to “get out”. This provokes Catherine, though trembling with fright to make the difficult determination to go away him. As a result of this Eddie is consumed with rage as he has a deep love for her. Eddie’s satisfaction additionally comes into the equation; he simply cannot face the fact that a man has come into his home and taken his “daughter”, and to add insult to harm she truly needs to go.

Argumentative Essay on Theists and Atheists Morality

Theists and atheists are within the everlasting confrontation. There are suggestions that atheism originated instantly with religion, in opposition to it. In the traditional world, atheism has not turn out to be so widespread as it’s now, it has not turn out to be a stream, nevertheless it still existed as an element of outlook in sure colleges and doctrines. Atheists do not enter into a kind of struggle towards believers. This isn’t a confrontation, but somewhat a scientific necessity.

This may be easily proved by the example of religion, which is fundamental in religion, and science that is the foundation of atheism.

The science studies facts and finds your proof. Faith does not want proof but follows the trail of blindly following unconfirmed dogmas. It is an faulty opinion that faith and science do not intersect. They can co-exist in society, with out affecting each other, as they are directed at two fully different areas of human life.In truth, science and religion are diametrically opposed fundamentals for worldviews.

Of course, any consultant of a sure worldview can present proof in his favor. The religious-mystical worldview presupposes faith in God. The scientific-humanistic worldview, which atheists can use, presupposes the existence of norms of conduct and life objectives, that are conditioned by natural scientific knowledge. I assume that we stay in an era of scientific knowledge.

Atheists and believers of their many disputes change symmetrical allegations of immorality. Atheists say in the following means. They accuse the believers of the truth that their morality relies on fear of God and so they ask the question whether they really don’t perceive with out religion that it’s prohibited to kill, steal, lie, and so on.

,? Believers reply in the following means. If there is no God, then every thing is allowed; due to this fact one can expect anything, any immoral act from an atheist since nothing will stop him. What is true?

There are lots of argumentative examples for one as nicely as for an additional opinion. A person within the choice of his actions is guided by two primary sources of information. Firstly, it’s a deep inside conviction how one can act. This persuasion is pretty steady and almost all the time says the same factor to all individuals. It known as a recognition or a voice of recognition. Secondly, an individual is guided by the arguments of his thoughts. Is it wise to behave in a method or another,  what authoritative people, customs, doctrines, legal guidelines of the nation say about this, how family members, friends, colleagues will appreciate the act, what penalties there could be? Having acquired info from two sources, a person makes a decision. The resolution is not necessarily right, errors are attainable, in addition to aware ignoring of the knowledge received.

What is the distinction between a believer and an atheist? recognition (the inside criterion of truth) doesn’t depend upon the mind, and it is inherent in each individual no matter his perception of himself as a believer or an atheist. The matter is in a person’s listening to this voice. This just isn’t instantly related to what the particular person believes or doesn’t consider. Consequently, there is not a fundamental distinction between people. The distinction is manifested when info is received from the mind. The believer, in this case, has no questions. He knows how the religion that has sacred books, prophets or authoritative priests ascribes to act or not act. Religions of the sunshine path at all times call for moral behavior. The mind of the believer is likely to obtain the proper recommendation. It is possible to say that the ethical of a believer has a firm and time-tested basis – faith.

With the atheist, every little thing is more difficult. The arguments of the mind that it was taught by dad and mom, school, literature, philosophy are not so indeniable. After all, each mother and father and faculty teachers have been generally wrong, so, maybe, on this case, they aren’t right. Writers, philosophers, sages lived at different times, so their calls may turn into outdated.Links to customs also don’t assist an excessive amount of. To depend on the indeniable correctness of state legal guidelines is generally ridiculous. What determination shall be made by an atheist? The reply is troublesome if solely he doesn’t rely on his internal conviction.

The conclusion could be very simple. The ethical of an individual (his selection between good and evil) is decided only by his free selection. The major assistant right here is our recognition, which everybody has. It by no means makes a mistake. But it is more difficult for an atheist to make his alternative since his thoughts can rely only on sources of knowledge that are unreliable, unsteady and contradictory.

Work Sites

  • Do Atheists Have No Reason to be Moral? – ThoughtCo,
  • Good Minus God: The Moral Atheist – The New York Times,
  • Where do atheists get their morality? – Kids Without God,

Argumentative Essay: Should Organs Be Sold or Donated

For over centuries mankind have been suffering from organ failure. Even since earlier than B.C., the organ transplant is widespread (History.com Staff, 2012). As a results of the enhancements of this process to be extra safer and ubiquitous, these days there are less patients with transplant rejection. It is a identified fact that persons are more likely to need a transplant than donating bodily components. The British Government highlights a median of 18 people die each day ready for transplants that cannot happen because of the organ shortage.

Unfortunately, this quantity is growing (Clark and Clark, 2013). 90% of the UK citizens believe in organ donation however solely 30% of this number had truly taken action by registering for organ donation (Clark and Clark, 2013). It is confirmed that in general, the system in most nations fails to lower the variety of people who find themselves on the waiting record, suffering each day.

Therefore, the government ought to take precautions in making an attempt new developments to find a way to change this situation.

Currently, there is a debate on whether or not organs should be donated or legalizing organ selling. This essay would give a detailed look between the pros and cons of each side, exhibiting that a nicely regulated organ trade would possibly work extra effectively than the opposite. All of the religions assist residing or deceased organ donation and even sometimes encourage individuals whereas some of them leaves the decision to individuals (NHS Blood and Transport, 2005). The causes for most religions to merely accept the idea of organ donation are:

1) it will help the recipient with constructive assurance

2) it does not cause harm to the donor

3) the donor can donate the organ or tissue willingly and without commercial revenue.

(Budiani and Shibly, 2006).

According to those causes, a compromise could be seen with some moral compensations for donation in order to discover a profit for the patient. Pope John Paul II indicates ”buying and selling human organs violates the dignity if the human.” (Friedman and Friedman, 2006). When it has been appeared intently in more sufferers interest, it can be seen a help has been given to donation; nevertheless, because of the ethical issue of giving a value to human body, the identical assist can’t be given for legalizing the commerce and discovering a matching donor for people in a shorter period of time. Despite the very fact that there’s a important improve in organ donors, the variety of persons are on the listing is rising with an even bigger proportion which signifies that a affected person on the waiting list will wait longer than it was once (Cohen, 2006). For an individual who is fighting an issue with malfunctioning an organ, each second is essential. These individuals are continuously in ache and every passing second reduces their probabilities (Friedman and Friedman, 2006)… Every religion is towards leaving people in distress for such a very lengthy time while the pain could be eased. Selling organs would take less time to find a appropriate donor and patients would spend much less time in misery.

For example, patients with kidney failure are struggling everyday while they are trying to live with dialysis. It causes not only bodily and psychological pain but also economical obstacles (Peers, 2007). The thought of folks with financial means additional exploiting underprivileged individuals and leaving them suffering is somewhat unethical. It brings out the possibility of poor man can expertise injustice sooner or later because of lack of organs with an opportunity of not gaining enough cash they predicted they would. Certain patients could undergo from fatigue and other debilitating symptoms related to sufferers with only one functioning kidney. This means people’s well being would be at risk for a minor benefit (Ang, 2007). Even though this would possibly cause a problem in the future for the people who sell their bodily parts, the black markets are nonetheless at present obtainable. The similar complication would possibly come up to the floor though it’s illegal and it has been highly regulated (Scheve,2008).

It is almost unimaginable to fully exterminate this black advertising however making it legal and giving the management of this commerce to licensed professionals to judge donor-patient compatibility will assist taking the organs and tissues out with none security risk for the donor (Peers, 2012). It is an undeniable fact that if there is a market, the bulk would want to revenue while saving somebody else’s life. However, the waiting listing won’t disappear however according to the predictions, it’ll certainly scale back the number of people on the list. Additionally making this as a legal commerce, it might prevent determined patients from being cheated or from paying more money than they could should when possessing from the black market (Peers, 2012). Iran proves these provisions. Even though it’s system have been criticised by many consultants, their system works under the state’s regulation and non-profit organisations as CASKP and the Charity Foundation for Special Diseases which facilitate the process by helping the commerce and are checking the eligibility in addition to ensuring a good commerce (Dehghan, 2012). Many will protest that an organ market will result in exploitation and unfair advantages for the rich and powerful. People are only considering the benefits of wealthy folks would get. But these are the characteristics of the present illicit organ commerce (Gregory, 2011).

Living individuals can donate a part of the lung, liver, intestines, or pancreas. Even though there’s some financial pressure on individuals who needs to sell their organs, in the lengthy run it is a selection which has been given by free will. It would improve the monetary stability of many. The rich would not be the one ones benefitting (Libertarian Jew,2013). To conclude, because of the length of this essay solely major features of either side could be considered. Donation would be extra moral and honest in comparison with selling but generally so as to save a patient’s life only medical ethics may be fallowed. During this essay, the moral points which refuses the legalization of trade market was truly as a result of religious beliefs. The medical ethics could be solely giving the best therapy and health care to most people. Selling would also lower the poverty and the misery of donor-recipient respectively. If it is managed a trading market would possibly give advantages to each side.

REFERENCES:
Ang, A (20 March 2007) Selling One’s Organs: The Pros and Cons, Retrieved from: http://voices.yahoo.com/selling-ones-organs-pros-cons-243748.html [Accessed at 2 March 2014]

Budiani, D. Shibly, O. (October 2006) Islam, Organ Transplants, and Organs Trafficking within the Muslim World: Paving a Path for Solutions, Retrieved from: cofs.org/home/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Budiani_and_Shibley.doc [Accessed at 1 April 2014] Clark, M. Clark, T. (13 June 2013) Selling Your Organs: Should it’s Legal? Do You Own Yourself?, Retrieved from: http://www.forbes.com/sites/marciaclark/2013/06/13/selling-your-organs-should-it-be-legal-do-you-own-yourself/ [Accessed at 2 March 2014]

Cohen, E. (June 2006) Organ Transplantation: Defining The Ethical and Policy Issues, Retrieved from:https://bioethicsarchive.georgetown.edu/pcbe/background/staff_cohen.html [Accessed at 1 April 2014] Dehghan, S.K. (27 May 2012) Kidneys for sale: poor Iranians compete to sell their organs, Retrieved from: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/may/27/iran-legal-trade-kidney [Accessed at 28 March 2014]

Friedman, E.A. Friedman, A.L. (15 February 2006) Payment for donor kidneys: Pros and cons, Retrieved from: http://www.nature.com/ki/journal/v69/n6/full/5000262a.html [Accessed at 17 March 2014] Gregory, A. (9 November 2011) Why Legalizing Organ Sales Would Help to Save Lives, End Violence, Retrieved from: http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2011/11/why-legalizing-organ-sales-would-help-to-save-lives-end-violence/248114/ [Accessed at 17 March 2014] History.com Staff (21 February 2012) Organ Transplants: A Brief History, Retrieved from: http://www.historical past.com/news/organ-transplants-a-brief-history [Accessed at 2 March 2014] Libertarian Jew (17 April 2013) Making a Case for Legalizing a Market in Human Organ Sales, Retrieved from: http://libertarianjew.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/making-case-for-legalizing-market-in.html [Accessed at 17 March 2014] NHS Blood and Transport (February 2005) General leaflet on religious viewpoints, Retrieved from: http://www.organdonation.nhs.uk/how_to_become_a_donor/religious_perspectives/index.asp [Accessed at 24 March 2014] Peers, R. (16 November 2012) Pro/Con Selling Organs, Retrieved from: http://prezi.com/ujelpfbdbe5u/procon-selling-organs/ [Accessed at 2 March 2014]

Scheve, T. (7 May 2008) How Organ Donation Works, Retrieved from: http://health.howstuffworks.com/medicine/modern-treatments/organ-donation.htm [Accessed at 28 March 2014]

Argumentative Essay:Dogs vs Cats

Pets convey happiness to a person’s life. They create a special bond with their homeowners. This bond may help an proprietor and his pet live in concord. People often get pets to have a companion in their houses. Couples get pets before having a toddler as a result of taking excellent care of a pet is analogous in taking care of a child. Pets often are fish, birds, mammals, and sometimes reptiles, however insects like spiders and ants are still owned by some people that consider them as pets.

Dogs and cats are one of the most popular pets to have. Dogs and cats make an enormous proportion within the world’s populations of pets, based on the Humane Society of the United States (2011) there are 78.2 million owned dog and 86.four million owned cats. Dogs present that they’re loyal to an owner and that are simply trained, cats however can deal with themselves higher than canines and can remove rat infestations from the home of the proprietor.

Both canine and cats have their professionals and cons, but canine are better pets than cats as a result of they show more qualities of a better pet than a cat.

Dogs present an active lifestyle for an proprietor. Dogs are very energetic which requires fixed walks. This makes the proprietor and a canine have a healthier life-style than having a cat. Have you ever seen an individual walk their cat? If someone would ever see an individual walk their cat, that would be their first time seeing that sight.

Cats are often recognized as to remain at their house and wait for time to pass by. The power of a dog also can excite their proprietor making them play together for a certain time.

Dogs also study a big selection of methods and might learn them easier than cats. The functionality of a canine in learning tricks can merely amaze a person, coaching a cat to sit down, rollover, or play fetch can be weird sight to see. I personally have not seen a cat do the methods a dog can do. If I ever see one, I do not know what would my response can be. While coaching a dog, the time spent in training can help in establishing a great relationship with their proprietor. A canine can also provide protection to a house. Dogs may be skilled to alert house owners when seeing a stranger in their yard or assault on command when the owner says so. Certain breeds like German Sheperd and Labrador Retriever can be skilled to be police canine.

These canine assist in helping police with their work, providing them help in searching for lacking individuals or objects or in detecting firearms or unlawful substances on individuals. Dogs were additionally used for searching functions; their eager sense of smell has helped people hunt their prey simply. Dogs can additionally be educated to information blind individuals to locations. Cats might help out in rat infestations at house but they can’t help in sniffing out people with firearms or guiding individuals to destinations. Another purpose dogs are better than cats is that dogs can perceive people better than cats. Training a canine requires hand gestures, these hand gestures when repeated over and over can be easily understood by a canine that will trigger the motion that the owner wished.

Many individuals suppose that dogs present more affection than cats. According to the journal Animal Cognition, University of London, researchers have discovered that canines usually tend to strategy a crying person than somebody who was buzzing or speaking, and that they usually respond to weeping with submissive behaviors. Cats are identified to have an attachment with their homeowners as a result of cats know that their homeowners deliver them meals every single day. Lastly, canine present higher companionship with their homeowners. Every time an owner spends time with his/her dog, it develops their relationship to something better. Dogs are referred to as a man’s greatest pal because they’re all the time at your side, wanting to play with you, or attempting to cheer you up. The bond between a dog and their proprietor is much like a father or mother and a baby.

A baby knows when their father or mother is round or not. The baby becomes pleased once they see their dad and mom whereas unhappy and distressed after they see that they’re gone. Cats can have a bond with their homeowners too, however they are more proficient at being independent on their own. Dogs are better pets than cats but that doesn’t mean that cats usually are not dangerous pets. Cats even have their positive sides like, independency. As mentioned earlier, cats are unbiased; they’ll feed off food that they discover from the house of their homeowners, an example can be rats and mice. Cats also can bathe on their very own, so they do not want their homeowners to give them a bathe regularly. The dependency of a canine can generally frustrate an proprietor, the feeding it wants frequently, the cleansing of the dog’s dust, and the bathtub it must keep clear are the factors that may frustrate an owner.

Cats are extra silent than canines. The barking of a dog can irritate an owner and the neighbours. A cat’s “meow” cannot be loud enough to wake individuals up at midnight. According to Douglas (2004), canine can vocalize their moods, which means the loudness of their bark is determined by what emotion they have in the intervening time. Cats however don’t, if they’re happy, sad, or excited they’ll “meow” on the same degree but proof from (McComb et al., 2009) means that cats are able to purring with a frequency that has a subliminal effect just like that of a human baby’s cry. This purr, known as the “solicitation purr,” is barely totally different from the regular purr and is used to ask for meals.

I have never skilled proudly owning a cat, my household has always owned canine. From stray canine to a breeded one, it has at all times been dogs. The loyalty shown by the canine, companionship to their owner, the active way of life given by the dog, and capability of the canine to learn tips are the explanation why my household would own a dog than a cat. I really have by no means considered having a cat, even in the future. The cats of our neighbours have helped me in making that decision. Every time we go away a door open, a cat would manage to go inside, hop on the eating desk and get some of the food prepared. Another case could be that some cats bear their kids at our storage which would make our canines bark out loud. These circumstances have lead me to make the determination that canines are higher pets than cats.

References:
Animal Cognition (May 30,2013), University of London, http://www.livescience.com/20823canine-comfort-dogs-understand-emotion.html Arden Moore (2007), The Cat Behavior Answer Book, http://www.petfinder.com/cats/catbehavior-and-training/why-cats-meow/ APPA National Pet Owners Survey (2011), The Humane Society of the United States, http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/pet_overpopulation/facts/pet_ownership_statistics.html Douglas, K. (9 December 2009).”Dogs vs. Cats: The Great Pet Showdown. New Scientist. http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20427381.200-dogs-vs-cats-the-great-petshowdown-.html McComb, K., Taylor, A., Wilson, C., & Charlton, B. (2009). “The Cry Embedded Within the Purr.” Current Biology, 19(13). Retrieved 17
December 2009 from the Academic Search Premier database.

http://www.metaphoricalplatypus.com/articles/animals/cats/cat-facts/which-are-moreintelligent-cats-or-dogs/

Argumentative essay: Gay marriage

The American dream, certainly one of flexibility and equality, is held highly within the hearts of every resident in the United States. With the “American” dream in thoughts, many will say they help equivalent rights for homosexuals. But if you ask these members of society if they are for homosexual marriage then the assist of gay equality pulls up and bulk of Americans vote for the Constitutional Amendment, which bans gay marriage. Americans do suppose in providing equivalent rights to the homosexual neighborhood, which encompass no toleration of discrimination in tasks, rights protecting gays from indecent actions, rights allowing exact same entry to housing, rights allowing advancement in federal government, and so on etc.

However, the concept of gay conjugal relationship is still not thought of an “equal right” to American individuals. A big misconception is the idea that gays have an option to whom they will really feel drawn in to. Simply as heterosexuals can not” pick” who they are drawn to, neither can homosexuals.

Opposition motions promote that homosexuality is preventable. They suppose dwelling as a homosexual is not as easy as it is depicted in media.

How can a member of the straight community say that homosexuality can be changed, or perhaps if homosexuals could be delighted or not. What about the analysis research that has been confirmed that homosexuality is hereditary? Nobody would ever choose a life that’s confronted with bias and discrimination. Even if its ethnic tradition, religions or homosexuality. The very same presumption of selection leads to the allegation that homosexuality is every little thing about sex, which is called sexual perversion.

Once once more, the truth is that homosexuality is multi-faceted. Homosexuality is extra about the love and affection than it is sex. Sex, in a dedicated relationship is about expressing love. This is actual whether it may be in a heterosexual or homosexual relationship. Being gay defines who that particular person is and includes his or her identity. Very couple of straights can perceive this. Rather, heterosexuals use their beliefs help for what “typical” need to indicate.

The most repeated cases’ opposing gay marriages is the concept it’s immoral, however the “immoral” label is just based mostly on non secular perceptions. The First Amendment states, “Congress shall make no legislation respecting an institution of faith, or prohibiting the free train thereof.” Religion is not, supposed to be the premise for our country’s legal guidelines based on the first amendment. Nevertheless, most of the individuals in opposition to homosexual marriage attempt to stress their religious beliefs onto others and make those beliefs into laws. Not everyone is religiously inclined to the identical morals and beliefs. The homosexual community is solely preventing to be free from religion in determining the legal guidelines of the nation. The opposition believes marriage should be between man and a woman; otherwise, the wedding would be untraditional. The anti-gay community additionally believes same-sex marriages would threaten the idea of marriage. I strongly disagree with this argument as a outcome of no evidence can help this allegation.

How does giving an individual the right to marry threaten marriage? Why is the right to get married solely given to the heterosexual society? Courts recently say there is no purpose why gays shouldn’t be allowed to marry realizing the American ideas of human rights. The reasoning behind such legal guidelines and beliefs seems more like direct prejudice somewhat than an awesome cause worthy of denying individuals their civil rights. All in all, a lot of what the straight community believes to be true about gays relies solely on stereotypes. There are those who assume gays are promiscuous and are unable to type lengthy lasting relationships. I consider these stereotypes are extraordinarily inaccurate. Even though unstable and sex-based relationships exist in each the gay and the straight communities, they’re normally among the youthful generation and solely characterize a small share.

Gay marriage is defined as a authorized union between members of the identical sex. Ten % of Americans, the size of the gay neighborhood, are denied the right to marry. The people representing this group want what each heterosexual has, the proper to legally marry their life associate. As a rustic we want to move away from false reasoning, whether it could be based mostly on ignorance or prejudice. Every individual needs to be allowed the civil right to wed his or her life companion. Our society must live up to the quota of the American dream. The Pledge of Allegiance states “liberty and justice for all” and so ought to every citizen in our country.

Argumentative Essay on Animal Rights

In the article “Why Animals Deserve Legal Rights”, Author Steven M. Wise argues in favor of animal rights primarily based on the premise that each one animals are autonomous. Furthermore he states that the term ‘rights’ has been broadly debated and is arguably not reasonably priced to all humans. Wise analysis signifies that rights are extensively believed to be based mostly on autonomy. And Wise does not imagine we now have an accurate grasp on the time period ‘autonomy’. He reveals that proof does not illustrate all humans as ‘autonomous’.

Steven Wise cites evidence that Animals are indeed autonomous in a minimum of some circumstances. He consists of and example of a gorilla who shows more cognitive ability than a two yr old human. Wise reveals distaste for the ancient and presiding understanding of animals as “things, nonhuman animals have been invisible to civil law since its inception.” (Spatt 195) He cites Roman jurist Hermogenianus as saying, “All law, was established for men’s sake.” (Spatt 195)

He shows a disagreement when he notes, “Unfortunately for animals, many people have believed that they were put on earth for human use and lack autonomy.

” (Spatt 195) Wise additionally illustrates a number of of the foolish laws we have carried out away with as our knowledge has increased. Wise argues, “Once the law assumed that witches existed and that mute people lacked intelligence. Now it’s illegal to burn somebody for witchcraft, and the mute have the same rights as anyone else.”(Spatt 196) Wise believes we ought to always change the laws based mostly on our new scientific findings regarding animals.

Wise infers that if not all people may be granted rights, that rights shouldn’t be granted to solely people, but to a more broad viewers primarily based on a new standards. Wise feels that animals are as autonomous as people, and ought to be granted the rights of such a being. Wise seems to be motivated by compassion, and a righteous anger toward the mistreatment of animals. This is comprehensible. He needs folks to see them as extra than just instruments, toys, or food. He appears to imply that animals are conscious and autonomous. He believes our new era of scientific understanding should facilitate a different legal perspective on animals.

I sympathize with Stephen Wise’s concern for animals, nonetheless it’s simply not practical to direct the same quantity of consideration to animals as people. If we gave animals human rights, it appears we might not find a way eat them. This would create a famine and/or all out social insurrection. Animal research can be main us to new new medical understandings that are crucial. At what price do we stop all animal research? Even if that were not the case, would killing an animal count as murder? I’m not sure that Wise intended this diploma of severity. However, to say that a human can not hunt for meals is to take away a crucial side of our improvement as humans. This is how we survive. But if we have a look at many Native American practices, we are going to discover that they respect and honor the spirit of each animal. I really feel this is acceptable. I also really feel it is inappropriate to stuff animals right into a warehouse to live. This is fueled by greed. But we can not stop every injustice, and we should eat. Human beings are ultimately fragile. They must eat and drink water every day. Giving animals human rights in unpractical.

However we should always, and do in lots of instances, treat animals fairly and with respect. It virtually feels as if Stephen Wise forgot that we DO certainly have legal guidelines in plenty of international locations that defend animals. We have enforcement agents all round the nation that protect our animalss. The incapability to feel compassion for animals I believe is an inadequacy within the empathy department, but we additionally cannot obsess over our anguish for animals. In the wild there’s cruelty all day, and every single day. It has been the sample since animals first took a breath and received hungry. The animal world is an attractive yet brutal place. We as humans exist there as properly. Although a few of us remain relatively unaware of this actuality.

The argument that human rights don’t even apply to all humans, supports the talk that animals don’t necessarily deserve human rights. (Spatt 195) Humans that throw feces and harm other human beings are not given rights, they’re locked up and stripped of rights. Animals can arguably fall into this category. Animals cannot enter into our dialogue of language to make the commitments that humans make when they turn into a half of a society. Meaning that if you end up in a society, you may be expected to behave a certain method. If you don’t you have damaged this social contract and are not given rights by different people. Animals are incapable of understanding this, and due to this fact can’t enter our contract which permits one rights.

Works Cited

Spatt, Brenda. Writing from Sources 8th Ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin, 2011.
106-145, 183-217. Print

Argumentative Essay in opposition to Capital Punishment

Human life is sacred. This is an ideal that virtually all of individuals can agree upon to a sure extent. For this cause taking the life of another has always been thought of essentially the most deplorable of crimes, one worthy of the harshest out there punishment. Thus arises one of many nice ethical dilemmas of our time. Should taking the life of one who has taken the lifetime of others be considered an out there punishment? More argumentative essay examples about capital punishment.

Capital punishment is immoral and a violation of natural rights.

It is mistaken for everybody concerned: the prosecuted harmless, criminals, victims’ families, and our nation. We need to exchange the demise penalty and capital punishment with life with out parole, a safer and more cheap choice. The death penalty doesn’t guarantee safety for innocent victims, it does not comply with the goals and promises of our nation, it doesn’t successfully deter crime, and it doesn’t give closure to victims’ households.

Nothing good comes of hate, and nothing good can ever come from capital punishment. It can not continue to be accepted by a nation that claims to have liberty and justice for all. The demise penalty is murder on the sly and it’s lifeless incorrect.

Capital punishment should not be applied as a end result of it can lead to the potential for wrongful execution. It is undeniable that there had already been many individuals sentenced of demise penalty that have been finally executed even when they had been really innocent. Unfortunately, the crucial evidence that may have confirmed the innocence of these people was solely obtained after their execution (McCafferty 71).

It is due to wrongful executions that capital punishment should not be implemented in society. They solely create doubts into the minds of the people that they can not depend on the justice system especially as soon as they badly want it. This is also exhausting to simply accept on the part of the families who already had members who experienced a wrongful execution as this is one thing that has a permanent impression. Obviously, the innocent individuals wrongfully executed can never be introduced again to life anymore. Since the courts cannot be expected to make one of the best choices all the time with regard to the people who deserve conviction and acquittal, it’s difficult to ensure that wrongful executions can be fully stopped in international locations which have demise penalty.

This is why capital punishment prevents the wrongfully accused folks of the due process that they deserve to have so as to prove their innocence, something that is very unfair to them. There may be cases where the proof that can prove their innocence is just so troublesome to obtain so it takes a long time period earlier than it will get introduced to the Court. However, because there could be also a limited time frame to attraction for the demise penalty sentence, it is often the case that the wrongfully accused individuals are already executed before the evidence that might have set them free is discovered. This would not have happened if there is no capital punishment being carried out.

Aside from this, another detrimental impact of capital punishment is that it solely helps to send a message to the people who the justice system is an advocate of revenge significantly on the a part of the people who received victimized by heinous crimes. The capital punishment sends a message to the folks that the justice system is simply there to help the families of the victims of the heinous crimes and never for the accused individuals who is also harmless (Kronenwetter 36). This may additionally be interpreted as a punishment that doesn’t present any alternative for the offenders to correct their errors. In this case, the justice system can be viewed as partial and biased because it only helps the victims and not the accused celebration. The lawyers of the accused celebration will then have to work extremely exhausting to gather proof to spare their consumer from capital punishment.

Finally, a society that values life doesn’t deliberately kill individuals. The fact is that capital punishment is a traumatic case of homicide that has been accredited by the government. This practically helps killing so as to impose a solution to the problems that are being faced by society (Mandery 58). This is something that is not very good significantly on the a half of the youth who will grow up understanding that the federal government is approved of simply killing individuals who violated the law. The humorous thing is that governments all over the world have tried to validate capital punishment by stating what they suppose are the advantages of death penalty would offer to the individuals. The advantages of death penalty may be considered as illusory, but the chaos and the eventual annihilation of the decency of the society are very true. Thus, there isn’t a sense to implement capital punishment.

Argumentative essay on traditional programs vs online

As the acute progress of technology development today, technology is being part of our options in some ways of our societies and this has led our training system in different approaches. Most folks choose to coach themselves by conventional programs known as conventional education, in this system all programs designed in such ways in which individuals should attend regular lessons physically, where different individuals select to educated themselves by online courses These programs deliver a sequence of classes to an online browser or cellular gadget, to be conveniently accessed anytime, anyplace.

With uncommon judgments like whether or not one remains a superior selection over the other, traditional courses vs on-line courses have enhanced one of the trending matters in the area of analysis and debate. Although there are some advantages and downsides on either traditional courses or online courses, attending programs online is more likely to have higher advantages than attending bodily courses in today’s world.

My analysis paper is geared toward fixing all misconceptions throughout each two education methods and what delivers online courses to take care of larger supremacy than conventional programs in today’s world.

The controversial between traditional programs and online programs have been terribly well-known to our community over the current years even at present, perceiving how they function in schooling system and what it means for individuals to apprehend them before they decide which one to enter, it is a vital. For the most individuals conventional programs is more preferable than on-line programs, why? Traditional learning is being nonetheless the most Governing construction of pursuing an schooling, because of the reality of its continuous interactions between faculty students and teachers, because it helps college students to get away from their fears involving exams, which might hardly continuously happen with online steering.

Most likely, this in frequent is what correctly maintains this uncommon form of traditional learning nevertheless so much in native demand, as typical college student can keep in touch with others or ask questions in your private opinion to their professors. They experience higher accountable involving their exams, toward each and every deadline that forges their means and commit to constant attendance.

Traditional education approaches normally are nonetheless being utilized in colleges. The traditional way of properly educating is all about academic performance. The class teacher would undoubtedly hear to each local student’s recitation, and they are reasonably anticipated to naturally be taught by their willing heart throughout the class assignments. At the practical finish of generated modules, a written test would be carried out and this method is called an Assignment Study Recitation Test. The efficient way in which traditional methods are properly taught ensure that local college college students are rewarded for their efforts, used category durations effectively and exercised clear rules to effectively manage students’ social habits. They are primarily based on put in customs that had been used efficaciously in faculties over many years. The class instructors correctly communicated the correct data and enforced requirements of social behaviors.

Traditional Learning is extra important for childlike individuals, who’re but to be part of the labor drive. Regular attendance in lessons helps them engage with different individuals of their own age, be better disciplined, adjust to a normal schedule and enhance their bodily health and mental alertness. Moreover, it has noticed that Classroom learning helps college students and instructors recognize each other in better habits. This tacitly approves class instructors to instantly comprehend the native college students and thoroughly think about their appreciable strengths and basic weaknesses, act as mental mentors, and guide students of their viable careers. In Online programs typically there’s no interaction with classmates or academics. Course material on assignments is posted on-line and can as well as be accomplished at spare time in addition to having to attend class conferences. While the spare time of this idea is pleasant, it incorporates away from the interpersonal abilities that college students require to realize alongside with their education. In a classroom, college college students might also be required to provide shows or speeches. And by way of these prepared speech They will undoubtedly have to gently work in established firms with all distinctive sorts of different folks with many distinctive perspectives. Which in widespread is one-of-a-kind shape correct Online courses? Businesses incessantly inform university college that they want graduating students maintained extra interpersonal abilities. They accurately say it’s crucial to tutorial success in their successful careers. Traditional type studying demonstrates this stuff. Now obviously if companies are telling universities, they need these expertise have been extra evident, there may be room for enchancment. Still, on-line courses in common usually are not the satisfactory reply. If anything, online programs will only disable a student’s capability to specific and work together with others in a means that can help them in their life and career. When college students work together with classmates and professors, they acquire confidence in their ability to speak and interact with others. It grants them the chance to learn how to gain themselves in an excellent method. Because online learning can’t do this, its worth to a scholar is considerably decrease.

On the opposite hand, a large range of individuals join on-line studying program and focus lessons combining with their current duties and commitment and might take on with multimedia content and finding out supplies at any time and which is most acceptable to them. Even higher: they don’t have to move anywhere to review, they’ll just about log in to the digital campus from the alleviation of their very own home or workplace in frequent on-line programs are introduced in a unique way from conventional classroom courses. One of the biggest advantages of on-line courses is the viable for higher selection for students. Traditional universities are sometimes restricted of their faculties to adequately present certain lessons in sure time slots. With on-line courses, professors can educate from wherever at any time. They can even prepare the entire course prematurely of time and positively publish it online for students to access at their convenience. Many community schools employ adjunct college to instruct on-line lessons so the availability of choices is now not confined with the assist of the college employees. Students who prefer to take lessons online exercise doubtlessly limitless array of decisions to select from. In many instances, instructors for on-line courses put together their weekly instructing material after which make it accessible to students on-line. Students subsequently enjoy the flexibility to entry and work via materials at their private tempo and in accordance with their own schedule. This permits students to pursue a degree while moreover assembly commitments for household and work.

Instant objective as why on-line learning has come to be massively popular; it is extremely reduced prices in distinction to conventional learning. The comfort and flexibility of online learning permits you to examine any time, genuinely anyplace you may have an internet connection. It’s the most effective answer for individuals with tense work schedules and family obligations. In many conditions, you’ll find a way to pause the content material or return to a portion to refresh your reminiscence. This is extraordinarily productive if you wish to spend further time on a difficult matter. In addition, on-line courses are commercially present on plenty extra minimal budgets. People take their skilled diploma programs, usually to expand their education ranges and improve their profession opportunities of their jobs. In administration to related appropriate levels, diplomas are supportive. However, many employees can also be exhausted after their work and don’t wish to attend numerous classes. According to logically, an internet class is more convenient for them, as it uses less valuable time, money, and power.

Argumentative essay: Sex schooling in school

In the U.S, greater than 750,000 ladies ages 15-19 become pregnant yearly. More than 80 percent of these are unintended pregnancies, based on dosomething.org. That is a great amount of youngsters that would have probably dodged a bullet with somewhat extra sexual training. Will a lack of sexual schooling proceed to play a job in the overwhelming amount of teenage mothers in America? In my opinion after all it’s going to. Just just like the article states, sex education is rising in American schools, and that is in favor of my argument on how I tremendously assist this upward movement my reason is we’re just falling way behind! Further thought out and properly presented sex training will cut back teen pregnancy and unfold of sexual ailments.

How precisely will better sex training in the states result in fewer intercourse incidents within the sexually active community? Simply by schooling. Lack of education in anything will not offer you optimistic results. Although it’s stated that there is not any sturdy proof that teaching intercourse education may have any impact on teenagers and young adults, there might be proof.

Ex. Hechinger writes “Analysis in sex education in Sweden, Holland, France, Great Britain and Canada show us lagging far behind” (143). Reading the article and noticing the particular countries mentioned, I went to analysis. The international locations talked about are as a lot as par with America as far as improvement and economy go, however fall method behind when it comes to all issues sexual! We not solely have larger teenage delivery rates, we even have higher sexually transmitted diseases and decrease use of oral contraceptives.

The statistics and schooling don’t lie. I would have personally benefited from a more well put collectively sex education class and many other young lady’s would agree. (Rodriguez 2) I’m sure now the reader is wondering if there’s a deeper reason for my argument. Yes there is.

I am teen mother, I am a statistic, one of many individual that adds on to the lack of intercourse training in America. One of the various teenager girls that had a scarcity of sexual education. I thought it could never occur to me just like in the article, ex, Hechinger writes “They imagine ‘It can’t happen to me’.” (144). It wasn’t conceitedness or ignorance it was my lack of knowledge and me not desirous to ask questions associated to sex. I now ask myself what number of pregnant youngsters had the identical questions I did? Lets observe in the nations listed in the article’s foot steps, in reality we’ve already started, considering intercourse education has elevated dramatically in the final 5 years. Let it hold rising! I stand by my argument, lets give these confused youngsters the data to rely on, similar to Sweden, Holland, France, Great Britain and Canada have. They are statistically doing better the article speaks on it and so I stand by my argument. I give my full help to the growth of sexual schooling, I wonder if Laredo agrees with me? (Rodriguez 3)

Hechlinger, Fred M. “The First Step in Improving Sex Education: Remove the Hellfire.” Reading and Writing Short Arguments.Ed. William Vesterman. New York: Mayfield Publishing, 1994. 143-146

Argumentative Essay On Alfred Hitchcock

The tension in some parts of the movie is somewhat so nice that it turns into insufferable at occasions. If you may have never seen ‘Psycho’ earlier than you would never be in a position to predict what was coming subsequent because of the suspenseful considering and editing that Hitchcock has accomplished. Hitchcock draws on natural instincts from the audiences similar to when a burglar goes into a room, all the time he’s going via the drawers, the audience is generally anxious for him and when Norman is wanting on the automotive sinking in the pond, even though he’s burying a physique, when the automotive stops sinking for a moment, the audience is considering, “I hope it goes all the greatest way down!

“This is a pure intuition.

Hitchcock attracts the viewers into the film and might deceive the viewers by utilizing clever camera pictures. This distracts the viewers from one event to another, causing a sense of misery and suspense throughout the viewer. Hitchcock had a dangling camera comply with Norman up the stairs, and when he went into the room he continued going up without a cut.

As the digicam was raised to the top of the door, it was turned and shot back down the steps once more.

Meanwhile, an argument was happening between the son and his mom to distract the viewers and take their minds off what the digicam was doing. In this way the digicam was above Norman as he carried his mother again down the steps and the public did not notice a factor.

It is excites Hitchcock to make use of the digicam to deceive the audience. The scene by which Marion’s sister, Lila, discovers Norman’s mothers’ body in the cellar is a key scene and a component to the construct up of suspense for the final scene. The build as much as this scene is very intense.

The viewers is shown all of Norman’s childhood reminiscences and ideas. You then are taken down into the fruit cellar the place they hear the shrieking and squawking of birds. The digital camera then turns and goes to a again view of Norman Bates’ mother. Lila approaches the figure and it spins spherical to reveal a skeleton of an old woman. As Lila backs up she turns and knocks the light on the ceiling. This swings backwards and forwards casting shadows around the room. This creates a stunning and puzzling effect to the audiences mind.

It becomes almost inconceivable to focus on single objects as the sunshine deceives the eyes of the audience into pondering that every thing is transferring around. I conclude that Hitchcock is the master of suspense because of his tremendous efforts and experience which have made ‘Psycho’ such a masterpiece and a traditional. He used all of the available sources and parts wanted to make the film so great. He used manual effects to create and sustain the suspense throughout the film, in distinction to today’s directors who rely on technologically generated results.

Against Human Cloning- Argumentative

Cloning in general has been a rising debate throughout the globe since earlier than Dolly the sheep was cloned in 1996. The success of being in a position to clone an animal brought scientists to wonder a couple of more difficult task, cloning humans. This consideration is morally incorrect and shouldn’t be stood for. Some people seem to not realize the negative aspects that cloning would bring right into a world which is already suffering. Religious standpoints, the expansion of the inhabitants, and every human’s individuality are only a few of the supporting reasons that stand against cloning and assist why it should not be legalized.

Simply as a end result of there are a few components that make some in favor of cloning doesn’t rectify the atrocity that it would deliver.

One supporter that stands for cloning, Simon Smith, states that it will be useful to produce clones for fertility reasons corresponding to infertile couples and couples carrying a genetic disease. This appears affordable; nevertheless, there are different options available which may be higher suitable.

Adoption, synthetic insemination, and other profitable surgical procedures are extra appropriate, presently out there options. It appears questionable as as to if an individual wanting to produce a clone offspring of themselves would be corrupt or unprincipled in wanting to take action. Wanting to make a duplicate of your self could be a shameless act.

There are supporters in favor of cloning such as Professor Robert Winston to make note that cloning could be an possibility available to these individuals who have lost a loved one. Have we forgotten our virtues and that with the delivery of life, at some point will come death? The construction of residing and dying applies to every species.

It’s not one thing most people look ahead to for themselves or for anyone they love but inevitably in the future it’s going to method us all.

This is the explanation living issues are given the flexibility to breed, to provide life to the future. It’s a alternative given, but not one all of us have to choose on. The personalities of people and other creatures is what makes you care for them and produce a bond, not their physical appearance. Having a replica only similar in picture and not in persona would not bring back a misplaced liked one; on the contrary, it could make it even tougher for some individuals to manage and cope with.

Individuality is another issue to consider when thinking of the finish result cloning would deliver. This is what makes our world so unique, if clones become produced, we are going to lose that uniqueness. Having human clones in existence would be an insult to human sort and the distinctiveness of every human being. It would change what it means to be human. If life could be formed in varied methods apart from the methods intended, how can it have that special value that being human has? Clones may doubtless end up as another minority fighting for equal rights. Could you think about what it’d really feel wish to know that you just have been a clone of someone else’s being? Would you feel inferior to human life and all that it brings? Would you even have a soul? These are all questions that society puts apart that should try to be answered.

The rising population within the United States and in other international locations around the globe is also an important component to assume about. Although it would be great to have the fountain of youth, it doesn’t appear very effective. People have to die; in any other case the population can be a larger concern than it presently is. If individuals had been dwelling an extra fifty years or more, the world would become chaotic. Citizens of the U.S. already have to struggle for there entitlements they want to receive as elders. Prolonging the lifetime of people would eventually become the cause of their extinction. We eat far too many sources that we have to survive and are doing far too little to replenish them. Trees will become a factor of the previous within the not so distant future. Without this mankind can not survive due to the lack of oxygen. This together with the extinction of different pure resources will solely trigger the human race to decrease.

Scientists after a time period might even possibly evolve clones to be the best human race. The DNA to supply clones might be manipulated after advance research to make them have specific traits and possibly mind-set as well. They may probably be made to have a particular perform in life similar to changing into an Olympic swimmer or even a killing machine in the army, programmed to go off to war. What Hitler was making an attempt to perform in the course of the Holocaust could turn out to be reality if clones were to be created. It has been proposed that in the not too distant future, cloning technologies could advance to the extent where they might even recreate a deceased individual within the adult kind. They might likely even recreate there past memories and experiences. There doesn’t seem to be any ethical issues for this, as twisted as the thought of it seems to be.

Everything occurs for a function and for that reason alone cloning is wrong and should not be legalized. The saying goes, if it’s not broke, don’t repair it. This saying ought to apply to cloning just as nicely. The overwhelming majority of people are completely capable of reproducing offspring; subsequently there is no cause to clone. Along with the scientific accomplishments it might bring to man sort many down falls would follow only shortly behind. It might appear to be many advantages may happen within the scientific neighborhood if cloning were to be legalized, but only leading to having just a few benefits and a lot of downfalls. The possible outcomes that may exist in its legalization doesn’t make it being performed morally right.

Works Cited

Smith, Simon. “HumanCloning.org.” 2002. Human Cloning Foundation. 22 March2007.

Winston, Robert. “The Promise of Cloning for Human Medicine.” British Medical Journal (1997):913-14. 21 March.

Example of Argumentative Essay

History shows reiteratively throughout the recorded times that the mark set for students will be predominately that which they aim for and mostly stop therein. If students are not shown any higher level of knowledge the students should at no time be expected to aim for that which they did not perceive. Students will indeed float to the mark you set. History has shown us many valuable illustrations; one of them would be the vast comparison between students during the Ottoman empire and students in the reign of the Spartan empire, the Spartans were taught that knowledge is crucial, if it helps you to fight, whilst the Ottomans were taught that knowledge was imperative if it was beneficial in any way. Because Spartan pupils were finite to knowledge that did not pertain to warfare, they were infinitesimally limited in any other area, and to no degree were able to match the heights of knowledge of the Ottoman student body, the mark for these learners had been set considerably inferior than that for the under-graduates of the Ottoman empire, and so the students attained the mark that was set and were prescribed no reason to surpass it.

Therefore it is clear to recognize that the objective a teacher sets for their pupil is all that their pupil will ever feel the demand to accomplish. Students are comparable to a kayak in the sea trying to reach an island to anchor on, and the teacher is the equivalent of the current, the stronger they push to try to reach and help the students, the closer they get to the island. Because students are reliant on their instructors to provide them with an objective to grasp, the supervisors specified a mark, and the students float to the mark that was decided. Therefore the students need only fulfill that which their instructor has itemized for them, and that would be the mark that was stipulated. Since pupils will only feel the need to do what was required in distinction to them, they will inevitably isolate themselves to the mark that was set before them.

Abortion Argumentative

“Jane Doe, you have been sentenced to life in prison for the murder of your embryo.” Is this what we want to hear? According to the recent gallup poll, 44% of us apparently do. Does it matter that she is a happily married forty three year old employed mother of three who was impregnated by a man who raped her at gun point? The answer to this question continues to be a controversial debate long after the U.S. Supreme Court’s 7-2 landmark decision on Roe vs.

Wade declaring abortion a “fundamental right” in 1973. In the instance of rape based pregnancies, the question of whether abortion is acceptable is highly debated and differs amidst pro-life and pro-choice individuals.

While the majority of pregnancies are the result of consensual sex, woman periodically become impregnated as a result of rape. Should a woman who involuntary engaged in sex be forced to carry a child to term as a result? Pro-life advocates say absolutely! They believe that a woman must never terminate her pregnancy, no matter what the circumstance. Whereas pro-choice individuals support a woman’s choice to terminate an unwanted pregnancy, especially when a child is conceived against her will.

The sanctity of life can compel some people to feel justified in coercing a woman to produce a living constant reminder of an act unfair to both mother and child. According to pro-life supporters aborting a child conceived through rape extends the pattern of violence and victim-hood. Although these people believe rape is a horrific act of violence, they perceive abortion as an equal act of violence that the mother should be morally and legally punished for as well.

Because they feel life begins at conception, they insist terminating a pregnancy is murdering a living human being. Pro-life advocates argue that these innocent human beings have the fundamental right to life that must be protected. A common example of this perception is the fact that no one would suggest that a mother kill her three year old child because it’s not big enough to have rights yet; Therefor, an infant in the womb should not be deprived of it’s right to be born simply because it’s too small.

On the other hand, pro-choice supporters believe it’s a woman’s choice to keep or abort her pregnancy when conception results from being raped. These supporters believe an abortion is terminating a pregnancy, not a human being since personhood at conception is a religious belief, not a provable biological fact.

Pro-choice advocates argue that rape is one of the most traumatic events a woman can experience and that in these occurrences aborting the pregnancy is her fundamental right to choose not to be a mother. This could be a young girl who has no concept of life as she has yet to experience it or live it or an older woman whose health may be at risk. The additional torment of being pregnant with the product of the violation against her can be physically and emotionally traumatizing. According to pro-choice believers , carrying an unwanted pregnancy is something no one should be forced to bare.

According to Pro-life advocates, a rape victim should put her baby up for adoption if she does want it. They believe this is an adequate resolution because childbirth is conceived to be safer than having an abortion and preserves life. A pro-life individual believes the only reasons this might not be a solution are the risks and pains of childbirth and perhaps the difficulty of separating from the child.

To them, the risks and pains of childbirth, no matter the reason for conception, are worth maintaining the life of a fetus. Secondly, they believe there is no difference in separating from an unborn child through abortion as compared to giving birth to a child and giving it up for adoption. Pro-life individuals argue that abortion is not a healing or compassionate procedure for the mother or her child, and will not erase the rape.

While a fetus is a potential human life, it does not need to be afforded the same rights as the woman who it resides in. The pro-choice community believes in a woman’s right to decide whether having the baby fits in with her life circumstances and health, being that she didn’t ask to be raped and impregnated. Modern abortion procedures are believed to be safer than childbirth and result in less than one death in 100,000. Whereas, childbirth is responsible for 13 deaths in 100,000.

“Back-alley” abortions performed in countries where abortion is not legal caused a yearly estimated amount of 68,000 maternal deaths according to the World Health Organization. Pro-choice advocates believe compassion is giving woman the reproductive choice and the right to legal, professionally-performed abortions.

The fact of the matter is that abortion is legal in the United States of America no matter what the circumstance is. The question is, if abortion became illegal, would it be justifiable in the instances of rape? Pro-life supporters argues that even non-viable, undeveloped human life is sacred and must be protected by the government under every circumstance.

By way of contrast, pro-choice supporters argue that where human life cannot be proven in pregnancy prior to the point of viability, the government does not have the right to impede a woman’s right to decide whether or not to continue a pregnancy no matter what the circumstance. Honestly, can’t a person, as well as, the government take a pro-life and pro-choice position on this uncommon horrible predicament? Meaning, although one wouldn’t seek an abortion or advocate for one, An individual would not want to take that right away from someone else, or criminalize the procedure in the event a woman was raped and impregnated against her will. Are there not exceptions for every rule?

Annie Yondolino
Professor Cruz
Freshman English
9 March 2013
Reproductive Justice
“Jane Doe, you have been sentenced to life in prison for the murder of your embryo.” Is this what we want to hear? According to the recent gallup poll, 44% of us apparently do. Does it matter that she is a happily married forty three year old employed mother of three who was impregnated by a man who raped her at gun point? The answer to this question continues to be a controversial debate long after the U.S. Supreme Court’s 7-2 landmark decision on Roe vs. Wade declaring abortion a “fundamental right” in 1973. In the instance of rape based pregnancies, the question of whether abortion
is acceptable is highly debated and differs amidst pro-life and pro-choice individuals.

While the majority of pregnancies are the result of consensual sex, woman periodically become impregnated as a result of rape. Should a woman who involuntary engaged in sex be forced to carry a child to term as a result? Pro-life advocates say absolutely! They believe that a woman must never terminate her pregnancy, no matter what the circumstance. Whereas pro-choice individuals support a woman’s choice to terminate an unwanted pregnancy, especially when a child is conceived against her will.

The sanctity of life can compel some people to feel justified in coercing a woman to produce a living constant reminder of an act unfair to both mother and child. According to pro-life supporters aborting a child conceived through rape extends the pattern of violence and victim-hood. Although these people believe rape is a horrific act of violence, they perceive abortion as an equal act of violence that the mother should be morally and legally punished for as well. Because they feel life begins at conception, they insist terminating a pregnancy is murdering a living human being. Pro-life advocates argue that these innocent human beings have the fundamental right to life that must be protected.

A common example of this perception is the fact that no one would suggest that a mother kill her three year old child because it’s not big enough to have rights yet; Therefor, an infant in the womb should not be deprived of it’s right to be born simply because it’s too small. On the other hand, pro-choice supporters believe it’s a woman’s choice to keep or abort her pregnancy when conception results from being raped. These supporters believe an abortion is terminating a pregnancy, not a human being since personhood at conception is a religious belief, not a provable biological fact.

Pro-choice advocates argue that rape is one of the most traumatic events a woman can experience and that in these occurrences aborting the pregnancy is her fundamental right to choose not to be a mother. This could be a young girl who has no concept of life as she has yet to experience it or live it or an older woman whose health may be at risk. The additional torment of being pregnant with the product of the violation against her can be physically and emotionally traumatizing. According to pro-choice believers , carrying an unwanted pregnancy is something no one should be forced to bare.

According to Pro-life advocates, a rape victim should put her baby up for adoption if she does want it. They believe this is an adequate resolution because childbirth is conceived to be safer than having an abortion and preserves life. A pro-life individual believes the only reasons this might not be a solution are the risks and pains of childbirth and perhaps the difficulty of separating from the child.

To them, the risks and pains of childbirth, no matter the reason for conception, are worth maintaining the life of a fetus. Secondly, they believe there is no difference in separating from an unborn child through abortion as compared to giving birth to a child and giving it up for adoption. Pro-life individuals argue that abortion is not a healing or compassionate procedure for the mother or her child, and will not erase the rape.

While a fetus is a potential human life, it does not need to be afforded the same rights as the woman who it resides in. The pro-choice community believes in a woman’s right to decide whether having the baby fits in with her life circumstances and health, being that she didn’t ask to be raped and impregnated. Modern abortion procedures are believed to be safer than childbirth and result in less than one death in 100,000. Whereas, childbirth is responsible for 13 deaths in 100,000.

“Back-alley” abortions performed in countries where abortion is not legal caused a yearly estimated amount of 68,000 maternal deaths according to the World Health Organization. Pro-choice advocates believe compassion is giving woman the reproductive choice and the right to legal, professionally-performed abortions.

The fact of the matter is that abortion is legal in the United States of America no matter what the circumstance is. The question is, if abortion became illegal, would it be justifiable in the instances of rape? Pro-life supporters argues that even non-viable, undeveloped human life is sacred and must be protected by the government under every circumstance. By way of contrast, pro-choice supporters argue that where human life cannot be proven in pregnancy prior to the point of viability, the government does not have the right to impede a woman’s right to decide whether or not to continue a pregnancy no matter what the circumstance.

Honestly, can’t a person, as well as, the government take a pro-life and pro-choice position on this uncommon horrible predicament? Meaning, although one wouldn’t seek an abortion or advocate for one, An individual would not want to take that right away from someone else, or criminalize the procedure in the event a woman was raped and impregnated against her will. Are there not exceptions for every rule?

Vocabulary for Argumentative Writing

When we write an argumentative essay, our opinions carry more weight if we look at both sides of the issue. In other words, we acknowledge our opponents’ views but try to convince the reader that our own argument is stronger. Our essay would be extremely dull if we used the words supporters and opponents all the way through. Similarly, it would be unimpressive if we only used the verb say to refer to people’s opinions. The tables below contain lists of useful alternatives. Study them and then do the gap-fill task that follows.

+

Other ways to say that …
Supporters
Opponents
Argue
claim
maintain
assert
contend
allege
insist
suggest
point out
Proponents
Opponents

Those in favor of …
Those opposed to …

Defenders of …
Critics of …

Advocates of …
Objectors

Pro-… (e.g. Pro-abortionists)
Anti-… (e.g. Anti-abortionists)

Premise Indicator words
Conclusion indicator words
For
Because
In view of
This is implied by
Given
As
inasmuch as
Whereas
in that
may be inferred from
seeing that
for the reason that
assuming that
as shown by
therefore,
It follows that…
This shows that…
Thus,
Hence,
Consequently,
My conclusion is…
We may conclude…
It follows that…
It means that…
Implies that…
As a result …
So,
Accordingly,

Transitional Words
To Show:
Use these Expressions:

Addition
In addition, also, too, besides, equally important, furthermore, moreover, additionally, further

Comparison/similarity
In the same way, likewise, similarly

Concession
Granted, naturally, of course

Contrast/Exception
In contrast, however, instead, on the contrary, on the other hand, otherwise, nevertheless, still, yet

Emphasis
Of course, certainly, indeed, in fact, even so, truly

Example
For example, for instance, as an illustration, a case in point, namely, specifically, to illustrate, in fact

Generality
In general, for the most part, as a general rule, on the whole, usually, typically

Result/Cause and Effect
As a result, consequently, hence, then, therefore, thus, accordingly, so, for this reason

Summary/Conclusion
Finally, in conclusion, in short, in summary, in brief, in the end, on the
whole, thus, in other words, therefore

Time sequence
Today, tomorrow, yesterday, once, now, then, eventually, meanwhile, subsequently, finally, first, second, third, afterwards, at last

Illustration Thus, for example, for instance, namely, to illustrate, in other words, in particular, specifically, such as. ContrastOn the contrary, contrarily, notwithstanding, but, however, nevertheless, in spite of, in contrast, yet, on one hand, on the other hand, rather, or, nor, conversely, at the same time, while this may be true. AdditionAnd, in addition to, furthermore, moreover, besides, than, too, also, both-and, another, equally important, first, second, etc., again, further, last, finally, not only-but also, as well as, in the second place, next, likewise, similarly, in fact, as a result, consequently, in the same way, for example, for instance, however, thus, therefore, otherwise. TimeAfter, afterward, before, then, once, next, last, at last, at length, first, second, etc., at first, formerly, rarely, usually, another, finally, soon, meanwhile, at the same time, for a minute, hour, day, etc., during the morning, day, week, etc., most important, later, ordinarily, to begin with, afterwards, generally, in order to, subsequently, previously, in the meantime, immediately, eventually, concurrently, simultaneously. SpaceAt the left, at the right, in the center, on the side, along the edge, on top, below, beneath, under, around, above, over, straight ahead, at the top, at the bottom, surrounding, opposite, at the rear, at the front, in front of, beside, behind, next to, nearby, in the distance, beyond, in the forefront, in the foreground, within sight, out of sight, across, under, nearer, adjacent, in the background. Concession: Although, at any rate, at least, still, thought, even though, granted that, while it may be true, in spite of, of course. Similarly, likewise, in like fashion, in like manner, analogous to. EmphasisAbove all, indeed, truly, of course, certainly, surely, in fact, really, in truth, again, besides, also, furthermore, in addition. DetailsSpecifically, especially, in particular, to explain, to list, to enumerate, in detail, namely, including. ExamplesFor example, for instance, to illustrate, thus, in other words, as an illustration, in particular. Consequence Or Result
So that, with the result that, thus, consequently, hence, accordingly, for this reason, therefore, so, because, since, due to, as a result, in other words, then. SummaryTherefore, finally, consequently, thus, in short, in conclusion, in brief, as a result, accordingly. SuggestionFor this purpose, to this end, with this in mind, with this purpose in mind, therefore.

Argumentative Essay

Argumentative Essay

Sustainability within the construction industry.

Sustainability within the construction industry is a growing topic of concern, as the impact of previous years of negligence becomes apparent. Buildings account for a huge percentage of the world’s energy consumption and harmful green house gas discharge (Butler 2008, 520). A large percentage of the energy consumed in buildings is through the attempt to sustain a comfortable climate, a major goal of human beings within their constant fight for survival (Zuhairy and Sayigh, 1993, 521). Our current major energy sources are proving to be highly harmful to the environment as well as quickly diminishing. This depletion is resulting in rising prices that are increasingly unattainable for many people. Bioclimatic design and passive energy strategies can eliminate these problems. Bioclimatic design utilises the natural organic energy surrounding a structure to obtain optimal climatic comfort, whilst passive energy strategies provide carbon free possibilities for better utilisation and storage of this energy.

Together these design strategies can change the current pattern in energy consumption and carbon emissions. Neither bioclimatic or passive energy design are new ideas, however in recent years, with developments in technology, their value has been overlooked. Bioclimatic design and passive energy strategies are the way forward in sustainable building and it is the role of the architect to implement these methods. The initial planning and design stage of a building is fundamental to how successfully sustainable and energy efficient it will be. The role of the architect is changing dramatically, with more focus being given to sustainability in design. It can be presumed that global warming and the international concerns surrounding this are adding pressure to this change. Solomon and Krishna (2011, 7422) claim that since the start of civilisation people have been searching for different energy sources. Only when one source becomes more attractive than another through depletion, rising costs or perhaps pollution, will a change be considered.

There is enough evidence to suggest that our major energy sources are depleting, as well as that buildings account for a huge percentage of energy consumption. Butler (2008, 520) identifies that buildings across the globe account for up to 45% of energy consumption and greenhouse-gas emissions. However much of this can be changed if the architects initial design takes into account environmental and ethical factors. Switching the focus towards designs that no longer rely on synthetic energy sources for climatic comfort.

Bioclimatic design utilizes the freely occurring natural sources of energy of a location to obtain optimal climatic comfort within a building, as well as minimal environmental damage. Through close consideration of climatic and environmental circumstances the need for inorganic energy sources can be eliminated (Bioclimaticx, 2013). If buildings were designed to coexist with their natural environments, to take into account the natural flows of energy surrounding and entering a building, then high-energy products such as air conditioners and heaters would not be necessary.

Delancy (2004,149) suggests that environmental ethics may be one of the first moral concepts providing architects with clear design criteria. It is important that architects begin to see the need to design to coexist with nature in order to sustain all organisms, both surrounding and occupying buildings. It is the role of the architect to take into account the natural elements of a building site and design using them to their full potential. Thus reducing the level of synthetic energy required to achieve climatic comfort and the accompanying environmental damages.

Whilst bioclimatic design focuses on the immediately available natural sources of energy, passive energy design provides options to best utilize and store this energy. If the initial design is carefully thought through and simple insulation methods are applied, the level of heat fluctuation in a building can be largely reduced (Parameshwarana, et al. 2012, 2399). The technique of ‘free-cooling’ is another successful passive climate control technique, where cool air from the evening is stored and released into the building during the day as temperatures rise. Raj and Velraj (2010, 2820) contend that through using latent heat thermal energy storage systems (LHTES) the level of carbon emissions typically produced through cooling systems, such as air-conditioners, is greatly reduced.

Thus air provided to the building comes at a lower cost in terms of energy usage and is of a much higher quality for the environment and occupants. Free cooling and other passive energy design techniques are very specific to different regions and will not work successfully if the architect has not taken this into account. Bioclimatic design and passive energy design work together to gain optimal low energy climate control. It is important that the architect is able to use them simultaneously to gain the best possible outcome. Through implementing these techniques the architect can have a great affect on the environment as well as the quality of life and health of the occupants. Although our current sources of energy are depleting and the prices are rising, the integration of bioclimatic design can help limit this and eliminate the problems it is causing. Through the use of bioclimatic design the current pressure on our finite energy sources can be reduced through the utilization of natural and freely occurring sources of energy, such as wind and solar.

Thus making energy sources more readily available to many people from many different socio-economic classes and cultures. The energy that bioclimatic design uses is already present in every environment and available free of cost, it just requires smart architectural design to enable it’s use. With the current issue of global warming it is becoming apparent that our current major energy sources may soon be unattainable. Birkeland (2002, 3) believes that the western world is only just starting to see this as a problem, however it is a problem that has been present in many poorer, underdeveloped societies for a long period of time. The current approach of the construction industry places a huge amount of reliance on energy sources that will not always be readily available (Birkeland, 2002, 3). With the current deteriorating situation of the world, both financially and environmentally, the construction industry needs to start searching for a new approach to building design. Bioclimatic design turns away from depleting sources of energy and works from natural sources that are, for all peoples, freely available and constantly accessible.

With this in mind why wouldn’t we look towards a more bioclimatic approach to building design? In a case study of eight passive solar homes in Queensland, Australia, there is clear evidence of the positive affect bioclimatic and passive energy design can have on household energy consumption. Miller, Buys and Bell (2012, 57-58) identify the fact that in advanced cultures the amount of energy used for thermal regulation in homes is much higher than any other energy use within a household. The demand that this, along with rapid population growth puts on electricity companies is excessive and results in increased electricity prices. In this region alone prices have risen by 53% in five years (Queensland Competition Authority 2011, quoted in Miller, Buys and Bell 2012, 58). This case study looks at houses built in a residential eco-village under specific bioclimatic and passive energy design criteria. The houses are all elevated from the ground to allow for maximum wind speeds for cooling during the hotter seasons. Shading, insulation and passive solar design have been implemented alongside close locational considerations.

The buildings prove to be successful in providing a satisfactory level of comfort to the occupants throughout the year. The data collected shows that per year 77-97% of homes provided a significant amount of hours in the comfortable temperature range of 18- 28˚c (Miller, Buys and Bell 2012, 67). These results show that bioclimatic design and passive energy solutions are affective in providing levels of comfort to households in extreme conditions. Thus reducing carbon emissions and dependence on high priced electricity. Occupants experience a lower cost of living, better air quality, and the benefit of knowing they are reducing their carbon footprint on the planet. This has all been proven possible through simple attention and consideration given by the architect, during the initial design process of the houses. It has been proven that bioclimatic residential buildings are feasible and successful, however the question may arise in regards to achieving this same sustainability in non-residential high-rise towers.

In a conversation between Yeang and Lehmann (2009, 36) Yeang describes how he has proven that it is actually possible to build high-rise bioclimatic, passive towers. Yeang, a Malaysian architect, has been described by Lehmann as “one of the foremost ecodesigners, theoreticians, and thinkers in the field of green design”. Yeang is responsible for the design of the National Library Building in Singapore, the first building in Singapore to be awarded the Green Mark Platinum award (Lehmann and Yeang 2009,36). The building combines many passive energy techniques and bioclimatic design options in order to achieve a constant and comfortable climate.

In the National Library of Singapore web site we see that strategic positioning away from the east-west sun, combined with shading around the building, is highly successful in reducing heat gain from direct sunlight. The use of natural light is enhanced in the building through simple design choices such as light shelves and daylight sensors. The national library has recorded significant financial savings in energy consumption compared to analogous buildings that don’t include these green design features (National Library Board Singapore 2013). There are many other techniques used by Yeang within the library to achieve such a high level green building and when asked about the realistic possibility of green high-rise he responds with saying:

We have demonstrated that we can build bio-climatical, sustainable high-rise towers, for instance in Kuala Lumpur. To stop sprawl and the further consumption of precious land, we need to build more densely, employing vertical typologies. There is no need to be scared by higher densities. (Yeang in Lehmann and Yeang 2009,38)

Yeang is a great example of an architect who is highly educated and interested in the techniques and possibilities of bioclimatic design and passive energy solutions. Thus he is able to easily integrate them into any structure. In a study by Maciel (2007, 186) on the affect of education and early projects, a group of architects currently employing many elements of bioclimatic design are assessed. The question of why it’s not more widely applied is considered. Whilst looking into reasons for its minimal use amongst the wider architectural community, the concept of scarce knowledge leading to insecurity and avoidance arises. Through a lack of technical knowledge on the subject architects frequently do not have the confidence to implement such specific techniques.

It has not been a major element in the syllabus of many design schools and although it is mentioned it is not necessarily enforced (Maciel 2007, 182). There is a great deal of trust put on the architect in the designing and planning of a structure (Miller, Buys and Bell 2012, 58). Hence it is vital that the architect is confident and well educated in the techniques of bioclimatic design and passive energy solutions, if they are to implement them. These design strategies can make a huge difference to our building and environmental future. Thus a great deal more needs to be done by architects to fully grasp the concepts and initiate a change. Making sustainable design a reality and conceivably one day a standard, as apposed to an option (Lehmann and Yeang 2009,40) Bioclimatic and passive energy design are not new concepts, in recent years we have just failed to see their relevance and importance. Many ancient cultures around the world designed and still design bioclimatically, using many traditional techniques. These techniques have proven to be successful, however over recent years we have turned away from the simpler, natural methods, and opted for quick fix, high energy consuming solutions. (Lehmann, 2009, 39).

In research conducted by Khoukhi and Fezzioui (2012, 1) modern construction techniques of houses in South Algeria prove to be less successful in sustainable climate control than those traditionally used. Due to the low economic situation in the area and the high demand for housing, modern-construction models foreign to the region were brought in. These structures are high-energy consumers and are not suitable to the harsh climate. Thus do not provide the level of comfort required financially or climatically (Khoukhi and Fezzioui 2012, 1). Although demands for comfort from human beings are increasing and our residential topography is becoming much denser, traditional techniques of climate control are still proving to be more affective. Bioclimatic design and passive design solutions are the way to provide all cultures with affordable comfortable housing.

This housing causes minimal harm to the natural environment whilst increasing the inhabitants’ quality of life, both financially and holistically. Successful examples of bioclimatic design almost always seem to be situated in hotter regions, however bioclimatic design and passive energy strategies are equally successful in cooler climates. Butler (2008,522) shows us that passive- house design is dispersing relatively quickly through Europe, with European countries perhaps being some of the quickest to start implementing these design techniques. Careful situational choices and high-quality insulation techniques can maximise the amount of solar energy gained and stored within buildings. A large amount of consideration needs to be given to energy loss occurring through small faults and leaks in structures located in cooler climates.

Through this the building is able to retain a maximum level of heat as well as gain energy from sources already present in the building, such as occupants and house hold appliances (Butler 2008,522). We can see that through careful planning, bioclimatic design and passive energy solutions can just as easily and successfully be implemented in buildings situated in cooler localities.

Whilst some may argue that bioclimatic design and passive energy solutions are not practical obtainable answers to sustainable design, it does not need to be the case. It has been proven through the work of many architects, both current and traditional, that bioclimatic design along with passive energy design is achievable and successful in a range of structures and climates. If added to the design, bioclimatic and passive design solutions can easily provide climatic comfort, whilst reducing energy consumption and carbon emission.

Thus decreasing the large carbon footprint buildings currently have on the planet whilst providing safer, healthier and more affordable living environments for human beings. These design solutions are not unattainable in anyway and it is through a developed understanding of the techniques, that the architect can implement them. Through extensive knowledge, architects such as Yeang are paving the way in bioclimatic and passive energy design. Proving that it is a realistic and necessary step in modern sustainable architecture. It is the role of the architect to implement bioclimatic design and passive energy solutions in order to obtain a sustainable environmental and building future.

Reference List

Bioclimaticx: Integrating Climate and Energy. 2013. “What is Bioclimatic Design?”. http://bioclimaticx.com/bioclimatic-architecture1/

Birkeland, Janice. 2002. Design for Sustainability: A Sourcebook of Integrated, Ecological Solutions. London, GBR: Earthscan.
http://site.ebrary.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/lib/curtinuniv/docDetail.action? docID= 10128847

Declan, Butler. 2008, “Architects of a low-energy Future”. Nature. 452 (2): 520-523. doi: 10.1038/452520a

Delancy, Craig. 2004. “Architecture Can Save The World: Building An
Environmental Ethics.” The Philosophical Forum. 35 (2): 147-159. doi:10.1111/j.0031- 806X.2004.00167.x

Guidry, Krisandra. 2004. “How Green is Your Building? An Appraiser’s Guide To Sustainable Design.” The Appraisal Journal, 72 (1): 57-68.

Khoukhi Maatouk and Naïma Fezzioui. 2012. “Thermal Comfort Design of Traditional Houses in Hot Dry Region of Algeria.” International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering. 3(5): 1-9. doi:10.1186/2251-6832-3-5

Lehmann Steffen and Ken Yeang. 2010. “A Conversation Between Ken Yeang and Steffen Lehmann on Eco-Masterplanning for Green Cities.” Journal of Green Building. 5(1): 36-40. doi: 10.3992/jgb.5.1.36

Maciel Alexandra Albuquerque. 2007. “Bioclimatic Integration into Bioclimatic Design.” PhD diss, University of Nottingham.
http://www.labeee.ufsc.br/sites/default/files/publicacoes/teses/TESE_Alexandra_ Albuquerque_Maciel.pdf

Miller Wendy, Laurie Buys and John Bell. 2012. “Performance Evaluation of Eight Contemporary Passive Solar Homes in Subtropical Australia” Building and Environment. 56: 57-68. doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2012.02.023

National Library Board Singapore. 2013. “About The National Library Building”. http://www.nlb.gov.sg/Corporate.portal?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=Corporate_ portal_page_aboutnlb&node=corporate%2FAbout+NLB%2FNational+Library+ Building&corpCareerNLBParam=National+Library+Building

Parameshwaran R, S. Kalaiselvam, S.Harikrishnan and A. Elayaperumal, 2012. “Sustainable Thermal Energy Storage Technologies for Buildings: A review” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 16(5):2394-2433. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.01.058

Raj V. Antony Aroul and R Velraj, 2010. “Review on Free Cooling of Buildings Using Phase Change Materials” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 14(9):2819-2829. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2010.07.004

Solomon, Barry D and Karthik Krishna. 2011. “The Coming Sustainable Energy Transition: History, Strategies, and Outlook” Energy Policy. 39 (11):7422- 7431. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2011.09.009

Zuhairy, Akram A. and A. A. M. Sayigh. 1993,“The Development of Bioclimatic Concept in Building Design” Renewable Energy. 3(4/5):521-533.doi: 10.1016/0960-1481(93)90118-Z

Argumentative Essay Against Euthanasia

Introduction
Euthanasia is the practice of deliberately killing a person to spare him or her from having to deal with more pain and suffering. This is always a controversial issue because of the moral and ethical components that are involved. This paper will discuss the arguments against euthanasia.

Discussion
Euthanasia is clearly against the Hippocratic Oath that all doctors have to fulfil. This oath basically states that doctors must never be involved in the killing of people because after all, they have been trained to ensure that people are able to recover from their diseases and injuries. Doctors are the ones whom people entrust their lives whenever there is something wrong with their health. Thus, it is the responsibility of the doctors to always do the best they can to help people live and enjoy their lives (Cavan 48). If their patients die under their supervision, the doctors can accept this for as long as they know and can prove that they really did their best and exhausted all possibilities to ensure the survival of the patients. There are just certain instances where the disease or the injury of the patients has become so serious that it is already difficult to treat and make the patients recover. In these cases, it is unfair to blame the doctors for the death of the patients. The Hippocratic Oath helps the doctors to realize how important their responsibilities are to the people in terms of their health. This oath also provides an assurance to the people that they can trust their doctors and be assured that they will do whatever is necessary to help them deal with their health problems. If euthanasia becomes legalized, then the effectiveness of the Hippocratic Oath will be negated and the doctors can have the option of immediately resorting to euthanasia especially in difficult cases instead of trying their best until the very end.

Another argument against euthanasia is that it is essentially homicide
because the doctors will kill the patient even if it has been approved by the patient himself or the family of the patient. Euthanasia is not that different from murder because they both involve killing a person. The only difference is that in euthanasia, there is mercy and consent involved while in murder there is none (Tulloch 82). If murder is prohibited by law because people take matters into their own hands and kill others, then euthanasia should also be banned because doctors take matters into their own hands and kill their patients even if there is consent from the patients and their families or relatives.

Lastly, the continued improvements and innovations in the field of medicine and health care make euthanasia illogical to be implemented as an option. The reason why medical experts continue to work hard to come up with improved medical technologies, medicines and treatment methods is that they want to make sure that the sick people are able to recover faster and healthy people become even healthier. All of these efforts are being done to make the society become more productive due to the presence of healthy and strong people (McDougall 26). Thus, doctors will not have an excuse for not doing their best for their patients as they already have access to the best medical technologies, medicines and treatment methods that will prevent them from having to resort to euthanasia as the only option.

Conclusion
There is no doubt that euthanasia needs to be banned as based on the three arguments discussed above, it does not deserve a place in human society. Doctors must never give up on their patients no matter how hopeless the situation might be. They must exhaust all options to give their patients a fighting chance to survive and

Writing an Argumentative Essay about a Social Topic

Throughout time, there has been people who believe you should always tell the truth, some people who believe it’s okay to lie time to time again.I firmly believe that everyone should always tell the truth. Others may argue that sometimes telling the truth hurts, so it’s okay to lie in these situations. Though that may be true, you can still hurt a person’s feelings by lying as well.

I have come to the conclusion that you should always tell the truth. In the Bible(John 8:32) it is quoted “and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free,” basically saying “the truth will set you free.” Another reason I believe you should always tell the truth is because when you lie you lose the person’s trust and you make them disappointed. For example, I lied to my mother, by telling her I wasn’t the one who broke her jewelry box. So my sister took the blame, and got in really big trouble. Afterwards, I admitted I was the one who broke it, so my mother put me on punishment and told me “Kayla I am very disappointed in you. Don’t be surprised when something else bad happen, and you tell me you didn’t do it, I don’t believe you.” This experience showed that “honesty” really is “the best policy,” and that it is morally correct to tell the truth.

However, others disagree with the fact that you should always tell the truth. They believe that it is okay to tell white lies every now and then so you don’t hurt someone’s feelings. Nonetheless, I understand the truth can sometimes hurt, but being a liar will not help the situation and will make the situation even worse. One day, my sister didn’t tell me she threw away my teddy bear own “accident.” So I went on thinking I lost somewhere or someone stole it. However, though she spared me from the truth because it would have hurt me, it still left me miserable and sad of the lost of my teddy bear. In all reality she didn’t save my feelings, instead she postponed the truth, making the end effect horrible.

In conclusion, there are several viewpoints about lying and telling the truth. I for one believe your should always be truthful. Though the truth can be a little bitter and mean, it should be always told so we can overcome it and face it head on. To those who may disagree, think that the truth shouldn’t always be told and that you can prevent someone from getting hurt by lying sometimes. Either way, it is always good to be honest whether it’s all the time or every once in a while.

Welfare Argumentative Paper

Welfare in the United States began during the 1930’s during the great depression to help families and individuals with little to no income with assistance. “Many Americans were unhappy with the welfare system, claiming that individuals were abusing the welfare program by not applying for jobs, having more children just to get more aid, and staying unmarried so as to qualify for greater benefits. (welfareinfo.org)” The question today is whether or not drug testing for welfare recipients should be allowed. Drug testing for individuals applying for government cash assistance should be mandatory before assistance is granted. Anyone willing to apply for a job or joining the military is subject to random drug tests. Anyone that works and pays taxes helps the welfare system. The reason testing could be justified would be how much fraud is generally found each year alone without drug testing and just by reasonable suspecion. “The Office of Inspector General (OIG) identified $16.67 million in fraud during Fiscal Year (FY)2011 within multiple Michigan public assistance program areas” (michigan.gov).

Drug testing would save the government money and help distribute the benefits more to those who actually need it, by denying those who fail to pass a drug screening when applying. Many of the laws purposed would not deny benefits to the dependents the person may have, just the person applying. The dependent(s) would still receive the necessary help. Also the person who failed the drug test or has an apparent issue with legal substance abuse could be given the correct direction for treatment and get their lives going back in the right direction. Drug testing is unjustifiable, ineffective, potentially unconstitutional, and worst of all being discriminatory. Besides it being an invasion of privacy, it’s in violation of the 4th amendment. Using illicit drugs may not even be the reason they are applying for welfare. People have a choice where they want to work, but not always a choice to need welfare. Also not everyone that is in need has a drug problem or does drugs. The cost to test every applicant would outweigh the amount saved denying benefits for those who tested positive.

There are alternatives to drug screening that would cost less and already a part of the applying process. Drug testing is a positive step towards many things in the welfare area, as with any job anyone is subject to random drug testing, why should welfare be exempt? Currently if reasonable suspicion was justified a person would have to submit a test anyways. The benefits show, in 2011, Florida passed the law HB 353 requiring all applicants for TANF benefits to be tested. Applicants must be notified of the drug testing requirement at the time of application, and are required to pay for the test. If they test negative the applicant will be reimbursed for the cost by adding the amount to their benefit check. The results from the first quarter of the law being passed (July-September) show the dramatic impact of Florida’s drug testing requirement for applicants for welfare cash assistance. The requirement has led to a 48 percent drop in monthly approvals, an overall drug-related denial rate of 19 percent, and almost $1.8 million in savings to taxpayers. Denials vary greatly by county, with at least one in three applicants being denied for a drug-related reason in 11 counties and no drug-related denials in another ten counties (floridafga.org).

This example shows the potential of savings for the government and taxpayers and also more available funds to the ones really in need. Drug testing applicants has many flaws when it comes to proving if someone may have a problem or is even using illegal drugs. Drug testing fails to show the biggest legal substances being abused by people on or off welfare in America, nicotine and alcohol. Drug testing isn’t even thought of when it comes to unemployment or applying for school financial aid. Drug tests often fail to show the results of people who are using more addictive and more dangerous drugs like heroin, methamphetamine, or cocaine, which can exit the body’s system in a matter of hours or a couple days. Drug testing may have it flaws, but not every person does more addictive and dangerous drugs. If one was doing those types of drugs they would need more than a cash assistance program to provide for their habit. School financial aid or unemployment is excluded because the people were either at one time working and got laid off or injured, and is in school to better themselves for a better job in the long run. Drug testing applicants may also help promote people to stay off drugs, as well as identify people who might have a problem. The biggest issue with people having a drug problem is being disqualified from employment for drug abuse.

Drug testing applicants would further help someone who may need help but doesn’t know how to get clean, or the right direction towards the correct help they need to stay free from drugs. Being free from drugs would then help someone not need welfare because they would be able to get a regular job in the work world, thus saving the government more money in the long run. The United States seems to be the only country with the issue of drug testing, but this could be a positive thing that could influence other countries around the world. The welfare program isn’t about helping people with drug problems get the correct help they need; it’s about helping those in need of assistance when they are low income or unable to afford their current situation. A bill passed would force drug screening but more than likely not get the person the correct help if there was a problem. The main objective is denying people assistance because of testing positive for drugs. Drug testing for individuals applying for government cash assistance should be mandatory before assistance is granted. The idea of drug testing individuals for eligibility of government assistance has many pros and cons. With many of the strengths being that it will help the funds that are available to help those people truly in need, and not helping people that don’t need help just because they can trick the system.

Taxpayers spend a lot of money to help support the welfare system and many want to see the ones that can afford to buy drugs or other non-essential items not be part of the equation. Another positive thing could be getting help to those who actually have a drug problem so they don’t have to apply for welfare and can go have a fulfilling job and life. But with all the strengths will come just as many weaknesses. Many of the weaknesses stem from drug testing itself to be immoral. The cost and regulation of drug testing could also hinder the benefits of the program, causing a deficit in the end overall. Many of the drugs tested may not be able to be screened properly, with the 2 mostly abused drugs legal being alcohol and nicotine. Not everyone that is low income has a drug problem or does drugs. The misconception view the public has of low income people is they just want to get free money and not have to work. I think the issue still remains that people do abuse the welfare system, and drug testing can help in part of making things more fair to those truly in need. That is just a stepping stone in a bigger overall solution of the flawed welfare system. One might question their morals before deciding on whether or not they actually need help, and then decide what the right thing to do is. But not everyone has good morals or even questions them when certain instances present themselves. Bibliography durantdemocrat.com. (n.d.). Retrieved from durantdemocrat.com: http://www.durantdemocrat.com/view/full_story/17375795/article-Why-Mandatory-Drug-Testing-for-Welfare-Recipients-is-Wrong-%E2%80%93-Fiscally–Legally–and-Morally- floridafga.org. (n.d.). Retrieved from floridafga.org: http://www.floridafga.org/2011/10/floridas-drug-test-law-for-welfare-cash-assistance-first-quarter-facts-2/ michigan.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.michigan.gov/documents/dhs/OIG_2011Annual_Report_384513_7.pdf. NCSL. (n.d.). Retrieved from NCSL: http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research/human-services/drug-testing-and-public-assistance.aspx welfareinfo.org. (n.d.). Retrieved from welfareinfo.org.

Argumentative essay

The notion of marriage as an institution which necessarily preserves the vital social values of stability, continuity and propriety, only at the cost of brutally suppressing equally powerful individual needs, naturally comes under scrutiny. During the XX century, there have been heated discussions concerning romantic love and its impact on long-lasting relations. Some people suppose that pre-arranged marriage ensures long-lasting relations based on trust and financial gain, but it is also profoundly dangerous precisely because it can release and feed as many urges as it satisfies. They state that romantic love is not a good basis for marriage. Thesis Romantic love is a good basis for marriage because it ensures warm and friendly relations between spouses; it has a positive impact on human relations and their development, and ensures loving and friendly relations with children as “product” of love. Help with Argumentative Essay.

“Romantic love is not a good basis for marriage” Help with Argumentative essay. “Romantic love is not a good basis for marriage” Warm and friendly relations between spouses are the core of successful marriage and trust. When people meet an “ideal person” their mind has perceived that the situation calls for some emotional reaction. From the psychological point of view love is caused by the feeling of personal freedom and self-realization. Sexual attractiveness is closely connected with an ideal image created by a person, while the desire to have children reflects sexual affection. It is possible to say that fools fall in love because they need sexual satisfaction with an ideal person to give birth to their offspring. Marriage “is about staying in love and staying together for a lifetime despite the fact that both partners are individuals who change over time” (Marriage is Forever, 2006).

The common ground between the sexes, therefore, is getting smaller, and the institution of marriage is beginning to fall to pieces if people do not understand and value each other. A woman when she marries ‘is cut off from men’s society in all but the most formal and intermittent ways. For this reason, love and friendly relations are crucial for successful marriage and happiness. Romantic love has a positive impact on human relations and their further development when love disappears. It is not a secret that many couples. Some researchers underline that love therapy is a useful tool to create or restore positive relations and family happiness. Jennifer Chalmers comments that “The topic of creating and sustaining the feeling of love was never discussed in any of the marriage-related workshops that I attended, but the issues [discussed] were not intended to help couples create the feeling of love” (Chalmers, 2006).

The author gives special detailed attention to the difficulty which can follow elderly couples, but she underlines that love can be recreated in order to save marriage. In this case, love comes from overcoming the barrier by sharing feelings and comforts. Also, when love disappears, people still bond to each other leaving no space for anger and despair (Wilding, 2003). Divorce is the institution, the ‘custom’, which enables private life to adjust to the pressures of the market, and divorce is the ideal solution for pre-arranged couples without love (Knapp, Stearns, 1993). On the hand, there is little research which could help to indicate that love actually produce real, live marriages among the poor. Romantic love is the main power which forces people to have a family and give birth. To give birth and to become a parent is a natural wish of nearly every person. For this reason, a male or female chooses a healthy and strong, beautiful and successful person for reproduc­tion. It is an instruct feeling to choose a partner, but it causes falling in love.

Every person wants to have good children, and for this reason he/she chooses a “special” person. Bonding comes with the shared activity afterward, in which people learn about each other through co-operation. Trust emerges not just with sex, but also with shared activity through which people bond by learning to trust each other. Romantic love is a good basis for marriage because it supports an instinct or desire to give birth. It is based on the evolutionary success of pair bonding as a reproduc­tive strategy. This cause is closely connected with sexual attractiveness, but it has different stimuli (Sternberg, Barnes, 1989). Love as care does not refer to an emotion or a state of mind so much as to a human faculty of identification with others, sympathy with all beings.

Also, love is a basis for intimate relations and sexuality. Following O’Sullivan love “enhances our well-being, improves the quality of our lives, and helps us to prevail over difficult times. Those living without intimate relationships are at risk” (O’Sullivan, 2004, p. 71). In addition, for most couples, sympathetic and compassionate relations help to overcome life grievances and troubles they face. The most appealing feature of romantic love is firm personal standards applied to everything around people. Love is eternal value which can lead to sufferings, but it does not influence the essence of human existence.