Autobiographical Incident

It is amazing what number of issues we take without any consideration. We make plans for the day, and don’t think twice about how these plans can be taken away in the blink of a watch. I never thought as a lot about it myself, till I faced with the shock, and undeniable fact of my grandfather’s dying. I don’t assume anybody actually thinks about tragedy till they’re actually confronted with stunning news. Of course on the time I was only 10 years old and the word dying has never even crossed my mind even once.

I bear in mind I by no means really appreciated or even needed to spend anytime with my grandfather, all he did was scold and punish me. However, I realize I won’t ever be the same as a result of after learning about his life, I remorse not even getting to know him earlier than his unfortunate death, simply 5 minutes would’ve been sufficient.

Just considering again all I could ever bear in mind of my grandfather was that he by no means showed any emotion; never said he liked anybody, never said whether or not or not he was having a great time, he showed no emotion what so ever.

Maybe once in awhile he would flash a tiny smile but apart from that he by no means expressed something. I was all the time wondering why he always appeared so mad, possibly because he’s old? Or maybe as a end result of he was having a nasty day? Three years after his demise, in any case of my family members have calmed down, I took the initiative to ask across the household to get to know him.

Sometimes I even regret asking that query. Born right into a wealthy North Korean family he lived through 2 eras- the Korean War (25 June 1950- 27 July 1953) and The Japanese Occupation of Korea 1910–1945.

Can you think about all the suffering and pain? At age 19 he was kidnapped by the North Korean army and forced to struggle for the “greater good”. Without even a notice, a goodbye, or the sight of his mother and father he was taken to struggle, for all he knew that might be the final time he ever saw his parents. Just even typing this essay needs to make me throw up and cry, I can’t even imagine all the stress and pain he could’ve gone by way of. Dead individuals all over the place, girls, youngsters, and troopers in addition to friends. After the warfare had ended on July 27, 1953 my grandfather had the possibility to stay in South Korean territory and receive asylum as a South Korean citizen the place he met his brother after 5 years. From there he married my grandmother and life goes on.

My grandfather was great man, after realizing what he had gone through my view on him had modified. His habit of not expressing his feelings? I finally understood all of it, the ache he had gone through- after tasting blood and seeing your folks die all around you ways much more are you capable to suffer? Looking again I keep in mind at his funeral, looking down into the coffin, “Who is that this old man? Why did I by no means take the time to get to know him better?” Hearing all of the eulogies my cousins gave was like talking to him once more, I received to know his favorite ice cream taste, his favorite place to fish, favourite e-book, music, and so on.

I will never view my grandfather the same means after this experience. From being the old man who scolded me everyday into the nice man who survived 2 great eras of history and I lastly understood, he couldn’t say it however those short tiny lasting smiles have been his methods of saying I love you, his deep laughs have been apologetic gestures, and scolding me was a means of claiming he beloved me, his grandson. As I recall I by no means felt miserable or even barely sad at the time of his demise, and I regret that. I remorse by no means taking my possibilities whereas he was still alive, only one more yesterday would have been sufficient for me to inform him that I liked him and thank him for raising me and referred to as me his favourite grandson.

It has been eight years since that day, and sometime I still hope that it was all a dream. But nothing is more certain in life than demise. I wish he was still alive, oh how I want he may have seen me graduate center college and see me graduate highschool as nicely as all the achievements that I had conquered. It hurts to know the way I will never get one other likelihood to talk with him again, but I know she is up in heaven watching over me and waiting for the day until I can see him once more. A life can change drastically at any moment. Don’t take life or the folks that you love as a right, some feelings are expressed via a technique or another. Of course most of all I regret not ever getting the possibility to know him truly as he was. My loving grandfather.

An Incident That Changed My Life

I admire a lot of people however the particular person I admire the most is my sister Rufaro .She has come to be crucial particular person in my life. There is not any reason for me to stay without her by my aspect.

Rufaro is a nurse. She loves to help different because she says it was at all times her dream ever since she was a child. She works hard and she likes to study one thing new every day. She leads a beautiful family life; she is always cheerful and happy.

My sister has now been married for about 5 years and is a great mother to all her three children .She takes care of her household and still manages to find time for us. I just have no idea the place she will get that energy from.

I admire her because she could be very clever, formidable and she has many targets in her life. My sister has a fantastic enthusiasm about life that it becomes infectious when she is round different folks .

She additionally is a superb counselor and friend, very patient, sensitive and warm-hearted. She is conscious of answers to almost each question, even these very foolish ones. She is sensible, patient and, sensible; she even helps others to resolve their issues. She can be great enjoyable to be with as she has an excellent humorousness. Believe me; everyone who knows her says that about her.

Even though Rufaro is younger than me in age, she is essential to me, because she teaches me to be a greater individual daily.

She is an instance to me and I love her for so much of extra reasons. She at all times needs one of the best for our household .I want everybody could have an individual like Rufaro in their lives.

Read more: Essay About A Book That Changed My Life

An Incident Which Changed My Perspective Of Life

Throughout my life, I even have learn many books and actually love to learn in the written languages of Russian, English, and Japanese writers, which are acquainted and comprehensible to me. Every guide has its personal zest. Before coming to the United State, I had finished one interesting motivational guide. That book made a large impact on my life’s perspective. It’s known as The Motivational Hacker by Nick Winter. That guide describes the method to be a success it doesn’t matter what field we have chosen and the day-to-day efforts to realize our objectives.

The writers discuss constructing a behavior in the way of one’s personal degree. It means to start with a aim that I can follow, which does not demand any perfection and discusses pre-commitment; due to this fact, the creator gave examples from his personal expertise that allowed him to achieve two goals, which he was having a lot of hassle reaching. One was skydiving as a outcome of he was very afraid to do it.

The second one was finishing the guide The Motivational Hacker. To obtain his targets, he used a software called “BEEMINDER.” This tool is behavior tracker authors describes what he put to attain to his objectives. He bet his cash which he pays to the company when he fails to be coherent on his habits, he might lose the cash that he wager and pay to that company. In the end, he did not lose his money, he went skydiving and completed his e-book.

This book changed my life perspective.

This is really what I need to, be tried and tested myself. I went in the identical way but used one other strategy. My story starts with me, graduating with a bachelor’s diploma in teaching Japanese as a second language. I wished to pursue my training in a second diploma in nursing, however in one other country. I selected the US because US schooling is primary and is widely identified for the standard of its instructing and analysis, additionally with wonderful applications across all disciplines. I was afraid of not receiving an ‘A’ in all four courses when learning in the United States. What I did to realize my goal. I additionally set up threat bets. I used a device to speak with my dad. The talk was about losing an opportunity of a possibility to study in the United State. If I fail or get a low grade in a single class within the first semester, I’ll come back to my nation of dropping the chance to study right here. I went hardcore with that aim. I did and acquired A’s in all 4 courses.

This book has taught me what it takes to realize some objectives. The guide The Motivational Hacker changed my life perspective and motivated me. Putting effort on a day-to-day foundation toward reaching a aim helps me to realize it.

A Funny Incident

Hostel life is not without its disadvantages. The rich college students get sufficient money from their mother and father and due to this fact spend lavishly. The poor boarders additionally urge their dad and mom to increase their monthly allowance and spend their hard earned money on luxuries. The firm of the wealthy additionally makes them choose up their bad habits. They begin smoking. Some of them take to intoxicants and thereby ruin themselves. Another great defect in hostel life is the mismanagement on the part of the warden.

The meals provided is solely unworthy of consumption by the scholars. The result generally is that despite the congenial atmosphere, they lose in well being; they begin to hate the meals equipped. In contrast to that is the life at residence.

The atmosphere at residence, the love of fogeys, the love bestowed on them by their brothers and sisters, the meals they are provided — all make them grow up into brilliant young girls and boys. A informal survey of the lifetime of hostelers reveals the reality that a lot of the college students who get right into a merit listing are those who have lived at residence and never in hostels.

The reality is that a boarder has limited time at his disposal for studies because of the rigid control; there are video games and limited hours of examine. The turning off of light at the time after they wish to examine is a stumbling block in their method. When we look at the benefits and downsides of life in the hostel, we are satisfied the house life is one of the best for the students

“The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Nighttime” by Mark Haddon

The author of this story uses foreshadowing several times in this fascinating book. An example is when Christopher discovers numerous of letters from his mother addressed to only him. These letters, along with a book that he was writing in, were hidden inside of his father’s bedroom closet. Christopher grew curious so, he took it to his room and commenced to read the letter. It revealed that his mother was living in an apartment in London with a man named, Roger. Additionally, she described her new job as a secretary in a factory that makes objects out of steel. Then, towards the end of the note, it said that she was extremely sorry and hoped that he would eventually forgive her. Christopher had no idea what she was talking about because his mother had never worked as a secretary nor had she ever lived in London; his mother had always lived with Christopher along with his father.

Then, he noticed that the letter was posted on October 16, 1997, which was 18 months after his mother had died. However, he decided that he should not jump to conclusions and would wait until tomorrow when his father was out of the house so he could read the rest of the letters. Instantly, I knew that his mother did not die and that his father made up that whole story about his mother dying of a heart attack. I also predicted that he would go out in search of his mother in London and evidently, my prediction was correct.

Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night Time review

Christopher Boone lives with his father in a village. His mother died when he was younger from a heart-attack and the dad was left alone with the challenge of upbringing an autistic child who does not respond like a normal child would. The father has limited money and mental stimulants for the child and does his best to hold back his frustration. However, the reader soon learns that Chris has not been told the complete truth and perhaps that the people he loves have a hidden past. He then begins to understand what has happened and Mark Haddon portrays the challenges he is faced with without the constant safeguarding he needs to feel secure. My Thoughts:

I understand that this book is renowned and took the book sales by storm; managing to pick up “Best novel” and “Book of the Year” at the Whitbread book awards in 2003, but I do not find it at all appealing. I find myself unable to sympathise with Chris despite Haddon’s brilliant depiction of the mind of a child with autism, as Haddon does writes convincingly through the eyes of an autistic child.

I do not think that this is a book that revolves around Asbergers; but instead about being different in general and Haddon is trying to make us see the world through a different lens. He just uses Asbergers as a means of conveying this. Furthermore, as Chris is very rational yet unemotional, there is no depth of character in the novel as Chris is only able to see the world through one plane and cannot build up good character depth, which most popular books have, eg.

– “Harry Potter” and “The Lord of the Rings”. This direct approach also means that there is no humour apart from the main reoccurring joke of how Chris responds to things which lands im in all sorts of faux pas, (and the novelty of this soon wears off). However, this does not mean to say that I do not understand why it is so popular; it just isn’t something that really enraptured me, and to be honest, it seemed like a waste for a storyline that had the potential to be so rich in dramatic emphasis to be written in such a simplistic style. I have given it two stars but the average for this book is a four/five. Recommendations:

If you liked this book I would strongly recommend these as they are both written in a diary style and are about people who do not necessarily fit the norm. The Diary of Adrian Mole (4/5)
Molesworth (5/5)

Incident Response

The emergency services (Police, Fire and Ambulance) have to respond to all emergency situations, but they have different roles and responsibilities and they have graded response policies. All emergencies are graded by the call handler according to the information from the caller and not by the way the incident is reported. If a caller dials 999 believing an incident is an emergency the call handler will assess the information and then decide whether it is top priority or if the incident does actually require an emergency response. Call handlers work under the supervision of team managers and incident managers. The standards of fire cover all fire services in the United Kingdom and were set originally in the 1930’s but were established in 1958 by the Home Office.

They were more clearly defined and revised in 1974 and again in 1985. Fire risk assessment, until the current year, has been based upon this guidance, which consists of a prose description of the risk categories and a formula designed to determine a points rating or fire grading of premises. When the risk category of an area had been determined, the criteria set by the Home Office demanded that the fire service response to emergency calls, met minimum requirements in terms of speed and weight of attack. Grading of incidents by the Fire service is split into 5 categories: Category ‘A’

Built up areas in large cities containing large commercial and industrial premises or high rise property where there is a strong chance of fire spread. The recommended minimum first attendance was three pumps, two to attend within five minutes and one within eight minutes, to be achieved on at least 75% of occasions. Category ‘B’

Refers to large cities and towns with multi-storey buildings, including large areas of residential housing as well as industrial estates with high-risk occupants. The recommended minimum first attendance was two pumps, one to arrive within five minutes and the other within eight minutes, to be achieved on at least 75% of occasions.

Category ‘C’
Refers to the outskirts of larger towns and the built-up areas of smaller towns and extensive areas of residential dwellings such as terraced houses and semi-detached houses, blocks of flats as well as light industry/commercial properties. The recommended minimum first attendance was one pump within eight to ten minutes, to be achieved on at least 75% of occasions.

Category ‘D’
Consisting of rural property, villages and farms and all areas that do not come under categories A-C. The recommended minimum first attendance was one pump within 20 minutes, to be achieved on 75% of occasions. Rural and remote is a separate category and has no pre-determined response time. The majority of Merseyside (91%) is classed as C or D risk. Grading of incidents by the police in England and wales are graded as ‘emergency ‘or ‘non-emergency’ in four grades. Grade 1 is the emergency response. An emergency contact will result in immediate police response. It involves circumstances where an incident is reported to the police which is currently taking place and there is a risk of danger to life, the use or immediate threat or use of violence or serious injury to a person or property.

Criminal conduct will be dealt with as an emergency if the crime is going to be serious and is in progress, an offender has just been disturbed at the scene or the offender has been detained and there is a high risk that he is a threat to the general public. When the incident involves traffic collision it will be classed as an emergency if it involves or is likely to involve serious personal injury and also if the road is blocked due to the collision and if there is a dangerous or excessive build up of traffic. Also if the call handler who takes the call feels strongly that the incident should be classed as an emergency. The urban response time for this Grade is 10 minutes and the rural response time is 17 minutes. Grade 2 is classed as a Priority response. The call handler feels that the incident is important or urgent but does not need an emergency response.

This could include incidents such as a concern for someone’s welfare, an offender has been detained but is not a threat to anyone, a road traffic accident that has injuries or has caused a serious obstruction, a witness may be lost or a person is suffering distress and is believed to be vulnerable. Resourses for a Grade 2 incident should be sent as soon as is safely possible and within 15 minutes. Grade 3 is classed as a scheduled response. This is when the needs of the caller can be best achieved by scheduling a response. This could be when the response time is not critical when apprehending offenders or a better quality of policing can be given if it is dealt with by a scheduled response by a police officer or even by that person attending the police station. Incidents should be resolved to satisfaction level of caller as soon as possible and must be within 48 hours of first call. Grade 4 is classed as Resolution without deployment. This is used when an incident can be resolved through telephone advice, help desk, frequently asked questions or other appropriate agencies or services. The caller is advised of an agreed call-back time and to be as soon as possible and within 24 hours.

Grading of incidents by the Ambulance Service are placed in three categories, this grading also applies to urgent calls from GPs and other health professionals, as well as calls from the general public. Category A is Priority. This is when an incident is considered to be immediately life-threatening examples are when a person is suffering with chest pains/cardiac arrest, unconscious/fainting or has breathing problems. The response time for a category A is within 8 minutes or less. Category B is where an incident is serious but not immediately life-threatening, examples are when someone has fallen or has serious bleeding, a sick person with no priority symptoms or overdose/poisoning. The response time for category B is within 14 minutes in urban areas and within 19 minutes in rural areas. Category C is when an incident is not serious or life-threatening, examples when someone has fallen over and assistance is required, and a sick person with a range of non-serious conditions such as diarrhoea or someone with abdominal/back pains.

In 2000 the Driving Standards Agency (DSA) became responsible for assessing the training and standards of all drivers who drive emergency response vehicles which are fitted with blue lights and sirens. When talking to other agencies the DSA drew up the Blue Light Users Working Party Expectations Document. This document contained a list of the expectations that drivers of emergency response vehicles should meet before being allowed to drive these vehicles. This document was accepted by the three main emergency services (police, fire and ambulance). This document includes performance criteria and knowledge and consists of these three elements. All emergency drivers need to be over the age of 18 and in good health also must not have any motoring convictions against their name and this is checked every three years. Element one is the ability to assess the need for an emergency response.

Element two is the ability to drive the vehicle safely to emergencies and element three is the ability to show the correct attitude when responding to emergencies. Police Service Drivers have to meet the standards set by the DSA but the police service also have their own driving centres. At the driving centres police are trained and graded according to National Training Standards, which is then approved by the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO). The type of driver training depends on the job role of that police officer. Police drivers can be graded as Standard response drivers, advanced drivers or pursuit drivers. Advanced drivers and pursuit drivers have intense training and they use high powered vehicles and advanced techniques for responding quickly and safely to emergencies. Fire Service Drivers The fire service also has its own driver training centres where drivers are trained to the standards met by their Fire Authority.

To drive an Emergency Fire Appliance drivers must hold a Large Goods Vehicle (LGV) Licence and have received the necessary training and assessments. Only then can they be allowed to drive when responding to emergency situations provided the vehicle is fitted with audible/visual warning devices. Ambulance Service Drivers need to hold C1 (medium sized vehicle) and D1 (minibus) licences and receive the appropriate training by the DSA. Although some Ambulance Services especially in London state that ambulance drivers must hold a LGV licence. Ambulance driver training and assessments are usually carried out by independent driver training centres and not the Ambulance Service. Drivers of emergency vehicles also have to understand that bad driving can cause accidents. Drivers of emergency vehicles are not above the law even when attending emergencies they have to show that whilst going to an emergency they drove with care and attention and did not drive in a dangerous way, if they were found to have driven dangerously then they can be prosecuted in the same way as a member of the general public can.

Also if the driver is convicted of a serious traffic offence they may be disqualified from driving both emergency and privately owned vehicles. To reduce the danger to themselves and the general public the drivers of emergency vehicles must use their sirens and blue flashing lights to warn other road users as well as pedestrians and cyclists that their vehicle is responding to an emergency. Flashing blue lights and sirens should only be used when attending emergencies although police drivers can use flashing blue lights and sirens when attempting to stop another driver. Drivers of emergency vehicles have to follow the same traffic laws as everyone else, but when using flashing blue lights and sirens they are exempt from a number of motoring rules which means they can go through a red traffic light, pass to the right of a keep left sign, drive on a motorway hard shoulder even against the direction of the traffic and not follow the speed limit.

The Highway Code is a book of rules which all drivers have to abide by the Highway Code makes no special rules for the emergency services other than for members of the general public to listen for the sirens and look for the blue flashing lights and to let them pass safely but still taking notice of all traffic signs. During unsociable hours consideration is given to the use of sirens especially around residential areas, unless conditions are bad and they need to use their siren. Blue lights would only be used as they are visible to road users at night. When there is an advantage to a silent approach then driving is altered and speed reduced.

Members of the Public service are often judged harshly from the public, when it comes down to the pursuing of stolen vehicles. Although the public services do a good job when they pursuing stolen vehicles or on their way to an emergency incident there have been cases where their have been incidents where it has affected the public services. Example

At 11.20 on the 19th of May 2008, Haley Adamson a 16 year old school girl was struck by a police car going 70mph whilst she was crossing a road in a residential area in Newcastle which had a 30mph speed limit. Hayley died immediately from the impact of the police car. The police car was being driven in pursuit of a vehicle that had just been registered on the police number plate recognition system. At the time of the incident the driver Pc

A Funny Incident

Hostel life is not without its disadvantages. The rich students get sufficient money from their parents and therefore spend lavishly. The poor boarders also urge their parents to increase their monthly allowance and spend their hard earned money on luxuries. The company of the rich also makes them pick up their bad habits. They start smoking. Some of them take to intoxicants and thereby ruin themselves. Another great defect in hostel life is the mismanagement on the part of the warden. The food supplied is simply unworthy of consumption by the students. The result in most cases is that in spite of the congenial atmosphere, they lose in health; they begin to hate the food supplied. In contrast to this is the life at home.

The atmosphere at home, the love of parents, the affection bestowed on them by their brothers and sisters, the food they are supplied — all make them grow up into bright young boys and girls. A casual survey of the life of hostelers reveals the fact that most of the students who get into a merit list are those who have lived at home and not in hostels. The fact is that a boarder has limited time at his disposal for studies because of the rigid control; there are games and limited hours of study. The turning off of light at the time when they would like to study is a stumbling block in their way. When we examine the advantages and disadvantages of life in the hostel, we are convinced the home life is the best for the students

Critical incident in public health

This script is an analysis of a critical incident which occurred during a home visit in one of the suburbs of Cape Coast Metropolis. A brief description of the incident will be given including the interventions that were given and recommendations for future occurrence. I will apply the Gibbs (1988) reflective model to identify strengths and weaknesses observed in the analysis and how they may be enhanced. In conclusion, the lessons gathered from the incident will be stated. Pseudonyms will be used here to maintain confidentiality. NMC (2000) Critical incidents are defined as extreme behavior either outstandingly effective or ineffective with respect to attaining the general aims of the activity. The procedure has considerable efficiency because of the use of only the extremes of behavior. It is well known that the extreme incidents can be more accurately identified than behavior which is more nearly average in character. Flanagan (1954). If we were to add the critical incident to Creswell’s (1998) list of qualitative traditions, we would describe its distinctive features as the following; a) Focus is on critical events, experience of a specific situation or event. b) Discipline origin is from individual trial and organizational psychology. c) Data collection is primarily through interviews either in person or on telephone.

During a home visit exercise to one of the communities within the catchment area of the public health unit, we went to a house to see the clients who visit our facility for child welfare clinic. On this visit, we seized the opportunity to address the health needs of the house hold members as it was observed to have problems with environmental hygiene. This was when one member of the house told us about a pregnant woman who abuses alcohol. I was alarmed to hear that, so this got me curious to learn more. Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse is a patterned use of a substance (drug) in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or the methods which are themselves harmful. Some of the drugs often associated with this term includes; alcohol, barbiturates, substituted amphetamines, cocaine and opiods. Mosby’s Medical Nursing and Allied Health dictionary (2002). Public health practitioners have attempted to look at substance use from a broader perspective than the individual, emphasizing the role of society, culture and availability.

A study done in 2010 asked drug-harm experts to rank various illegal and legal drugs. Alcohol was found to be the most dangerous by far. Behave Madam AA is a 24 year old woman who co habits with a blind man, her boyfriend. The man takes care of her especially all her financial needs but she has one particular problem which according her is the cause of her recent drinking habit. According to madam AA, she wished her boyfriend had performed the necessary marriage rite so that she can also be addressed as a “Mrs.” Earlier on, Madam AA admitted that, she used to drink alcohol occasionally but the trend has now increased to drinking alcohol every day, an act her boyfriend and siblings abhors very much. Upon further questioning, she admitted that she has defaulted from Antenatal Care (ANC) services because the Tablet Fersolate she takes changes the color of her stools to green which is unpleasant to her. The public health nurse educated Madam AA on some of the benefits that one can get from attending ANC services.

A colleague also promised her to substitute the Tablet Fersolate with Tablet Vitafol which she agreed to. Madam AA’s sister added that her drinking habit is so bad that she normally trips over the abdomen. I spoke to Madam AA about the danger she is exposing her unborn child and that of her own life to. I encouraged her to try and stay away from friends who normally go out with her to drink alcohol. I also encouraged her sister to be a “watch woman” for her in order to prevent any accident in the future. Traditional pediatric care is often based on the assumption that parents have the basic knowledge and resources to provide a nurturing, safe environment and to provide for the emotional, physical, developmental, and health care needs of their infants and young children. Unfortunately, many families have insufficient knowledge of parenting skills and an inadequate support system of friends, extended family, or professionals to help with these vital tasks. Home-visitation programs offer an effective mechanism to ensure ongoing parental education, social support, and linkage with public and private community services(…)

The following day, we visited Miss AA at home. On this day, unlike the previous one when we met Miss AA drunk and unkempt, she really appeared neat. She had seen to her personal hygiene needs, did not have the alcoholic breath smell and was assisting a neighbor in preparation of food for a naming ceremony later in the afternoon. We advised her to turn down any alcoholic beverage she may be served with, which she agreed to. The Vitafol pills were then handed over to her as promised and she was congratulated for staying away from alcohol.

My feelings about Madam AA’s drinking habit reminded me of what we have been taken through on the subject of substance abuse especially alcohol being the most dangerous of these substances. I was however astonished to see a young woman who was so careless with her life. In fact, immediately I saw Madam AA, for the first time, I was prejudiced. I thought for a moment that she may be suffering from one form of psychosis or the other. This was when I realized that, keeping this woman at home was not the best of options for her. I just judged her in my heart without thinking professionally. She actually needed care in the psychiatric hospital. She needs to see a psychologist for sessions. Being on admission for monitoring would have been the best of alternative for her but all I could do was judge her.

On evaluation, a small but growing body of research has supported the effectiveness of home-visitation programs. The following benefits have been found as an outcome of some, but not all home visitor programs. Olds DL, Kitzman H. Review of research on home visiting for pregnant women and parents of young children. Future Child. 1993;3:53–92 According to Olds DL, Henderson CR Jr, Tatelbaum R, Chamberlin R.,(1993) in the journal, Improving the delivery of prenatal care and outcomes of pregnancy: a randomized trial of nurse home visitation. Pediatrics. prenatal benefits of home visiting includes; Increased use of prenatal care, increased birth weight, decreased preterm labor and increased length of gestation, increased use of health and other community resources (eg, prenatal visits, well-child visits, family, planning programs for women, infants, and children [WIC], and immunizations, improved nutrition during pregnancy, fewer urinary tract infections during pregnancy, increased attendance at childbirth classes and decrease in maternal smoking and alcohol intake.

The bad aspect of Madam AA’s situation was, she was prone to falls and normally topples over her abdomen but that never deter her from drinking the next day. In addition to her accidents, she had also defaulted from her ANC attendance so there was very little to learn from the progress of her pregnancy. That is, the present state of her fetus and that of her own health was unknown. In a report by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) released on September 9, 2013, it stated that women who drink alcohol while pregnant increase the risk that their infants will have physical, learning, and/or behavior problems, including Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).

These problems are caused by alcohol and can be permanent. Alcohol can disrupt fetal development at any stage during a pregnancy, even before a woman knows she is pregnant. If a woman is pregnant, there is no known amount or type of alcohol that is safe for her to drink. To prevent problems like FASD, a woman who is pregnant or likely to become pregnant should not drink alcohol. However, the good aspect of the situation was our meeting with Madam AA was very timely so we gave the necessary education on the importance of attending ANC service. We informed her that this will help assess her condition and that of the unborn child. In addition we spoke to her on the need to abstain from alcohol so it however not surprising that we met her the next day in a better condition than the previous day.,

In analysis, public health nurses have been viewed as advocates of the poor, the disadvantaged, minorities, and any population groups in need of community-based, prevention-oriented health care services. As early as 1859, with the founding of the first district nursing association, nurses were viewed not as mere attendants of the sick, but as social reformers. Public Health Reports nurses were strategically located to become responsive to their communities’ unmet needs. (Gardner, M. S.: Public health nursing. The Macmillan Company, New York, 1917.) In this incident, I realized that the public health nurses do well to visit the various homes but their intervention to problem encountered is very minimal.

For instance, in Miss AA’s case, it can clearly be seen that we should have made the appropriate referral for further management but that could not be done. We just counseled her and left her to her own fate. I therefore recommend that, the public health nurses will make contacts with other institutions for either curative or rehabilitative purposes. This will help in the proper referral and further management of cases that are identified in the communities. I also recommend that certain special cases identified in the communities should be followed up on to know the outcome of the visit. Again, logistics such as easy means of transportation for the nurses to their various catchment areas should be provided. This will help in transporting any emergencies encountered in the communities to the appropriate facilities so that lives can be saved.

In conclusion, there’s much to be gained from effective home visit such as identifying high risk persons and offering the appropriate intervention. In using the component of nursing service, assessment of Miss AA led us to the root cause of her drinking alcohol, she was educated and counseled but continuous support and arrangement for referral to the appropriate facility for further management was not done. Despite the intuitive appeal of deploying health care professionals whose target of care is the whole community, public health nursing has not been firmly institutionalized in the nation’s health care system. Indeed, in many metropolitan areas, PHN services are facing unprecedented budget cutbacks and staffing reductions.

List of references

1. Schieber GJ, Poullier JP, Greenwald LM. Health care systems in twenty four countries. Health Aff (Millwood). 1991;10:22–38 2. Kamerman SB, Kahn AJ. Home health visiting in Europe. Future Child. 1993;3:39–52 3. Buhler-Wilkerson K. Public health nursing: in sickness or in health? Am J Public Health. 1985;75:1155–1161 4. Weiss HB. Home visits: necessary but not sufficient. Future Child. 1993; 3:113–128 5. Baker JP. Women and the invention of well child care. Pediatrics. 1994; 94:527–531 6. Chapman J, Siegel E, Cross A. Home visitors and child health: analysis of selected programs. Pediatrics. 1990;85:1059–1068 7. . Olds DL, Kitzman H. Review of research on home visiting for pregnant women and parents of young children. Future Child. 1993;3:53–92 8. Olds DL, Henderson CR Jr, Tatelbaum R, Chamberlin R. Improving the delivery of prenatal care and outcomes of pregnancy: a randomized trial of nurse home. Downloaded from at Ghana:AAP Sponsored on April 2, 2014

Windows Incident Handling Tools

1. Archer Incident Management tracks incidents and ethics violations in real time, manages the investigation process, tracks incident resolution and monitors the incident status and impact. CSIRT functional need: Manage an incident’s tasks and activities.

2. D3 Incident Reporting and Case Management has two parts. The incident reporting side allows web based fully customizable incident forms, task and analysis reports. They can be customized to your company. CSIRT functional need: Reporting on incidents.

3. Application for Incident Response Teams (AIRT) gives the ability to upload files and attach them to specific incidents. You can receive e-mail and link it to incidents. The import que can receive network and contact information. CSIRT functional need: Communicating incident information.

4. Request Tracker for Incident Response (RTIR) triages incoming incident reports and links them to an ongoing incident or makes a new incident. You can launch investigations to work with other people such as law enforcement. CSIRT functional need: Tracking Incidents.

5. BMC Remedy Action Request System replaces manual systems with process automation which speeds everything up. Notifications, escalations and approvals. CSIRT functional need: Archiving incidents.

I would recommend using Archer Incident Management because it can double as incident management and tracking incidents. This software does both and having one tool that does many things is cost effective. AIRT is really great for communicating an incident to everyone involved. When technicians or remote users are in the field it is good to be able to add new information too an incident file. E-mail is a good way to communicate any new findings or to get files you may need to compare to other information.

Description of incident between Black BMW and white Lexus

Description of incident


            At 9 a.m. Sunday morning, I was on my way to meet a client for a 10:15 a.m. appointment. I was driving northbound on the number two lane of the Northbound I- 110 freeway, at a speed of 70 miles per hour. The freeway was smooth without traffic that morning. While I was driving, a 2005 Black BMW suddenly attempted to move from the number one lane into the number two lane. As a result, I lost control of the vehicle and collided with the 2005 Black BMW on its rear (Doctor Who Online – YaWHO Group – Yahoo! Groups.). The impact caused the 2005 Black BMW to spin and hitting another car, a 2009 white Lexus, which received minor impact. We noticed that the passenger of the BMW was stuck in his vehicle, and his car was leaking fluids. Fortunately, we were able to get the passenger out with minor injuries.

            At 9:20 a.m., I called 911 and the Highway Patrol officer arrived 5 minutes later. He interviewed all the people who were involved in the accident and witnesses as well. After 10 minutes, the Fire Department came to clear out accident and clean the highway. Only minor injuries were reported; hence no one was taken to hospital.

Follow up actions

            After the incident, I interacted with the people involved in the accident. I also took photographs of the damages to the car. At 9:30 a.m., I called my supervisor, Cesar Serrano, to take care of the insurance company. I called the client to inform him that I will not be able to meet with him because of the occurrence. Tomorrow, I plan to submit for check-up on any further injuries.


“Doctor Who Online – YaWHO Group – Yahoo! Groups.” n.d. Yahoo! Groups. 5 March 2015.

Source document

Air Forces Northern incident awareness and assessment playbook



            The United States Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) is the combatant command that is responsible for security and defense. They conduct Defense of the Civil authorities through providing capabilities to the DOD, Department of Defense from their land, air and sea components in support of the leading federal policies geared towards responding to any homeland security threat.

            Among the capabilities that the DOD brings to their operations is the ISR and IAA. There is no difference between these two terms only that the term IAA has just been coined by the USNORTHCOM to denote the application of ISR when it is applied domestically to support the homeland security. The ISR operation mainly consist of flying both manned and unmanned platforms which are set to revolve over the battle field top provide a clear picture of the situation underneath. During the wartime, this picture could include the location of roads and deposition of the enemy and also the information that may be required so as to target the enemy. ISR provides a clear picture of situational awareness that could not only be used strategically to gain the full picture but also tactically to gather intelligence information that are useful in engaging individual targets. The situation awareness that is provided by the IAA/ ISR becomes a significant force multiplier which the commanders have been known to highly rely on.

            There are many obstacles to realizing full potential for the ISR in homeland security. Currently there is statutory, doctrine, ethical and policy obstacles that exist to prevent ISR from reaching their full capacity for the homeland security provision.

            Improved doctrines will see the department of Defense improve their ability to deliver IAA capabilities to the local, tribal, state and also the federal entities. The consumers all over the country and also the whole world will benefit from improved IAA capabilities.

            The most significant ethical issues come secondarily where IAA capabilities are employed domestically. This is because it is known that all the American citizens enjoy freedoms of privacy, expression and they expect this to be fundamental and be respected in the best way possible. The American citizens highly value their freedoms and hence loath ideas that seem to threaten their constitutional protection.

            In publicizing the use and purpose of IAA, I think there is a big ethical consideration in it because the citizens will get to know the function of IAA and how they function. They will not think that their freedoms are being infringed on but know that this is a military operation and that is how they are and should be carried hence in so doing, there will be no blame game between the government and the citizens.


USAF. (2007). Air Force doctrine document 2-9; Intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance operations. Washington, D.C.: United States Air Force.

Air Forces Northern. (2010). Air Forces Northern incident awareness and assessment playbook. Tyndall AFB, FL: USAF.

USNORTHCOM Public Affairs. (2008, September 18). Hurricane response. Retrieved from United States Northern Command:

Source document