Evolution of Primates

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13 December 2021

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Since the beginning of the primate evolution, Anthropologist has been in search of to reply varied questions and the causes of this evolution. Primates developed in size and bodily in the million years in the past. Primates are differentiated into two teams, prosimians and anthropoid. Monkey is probably certainly one of the examples of primates and people are additionally thought to be primates.

Climate situation and plate shift are factors that contribute to primate evolution. This essay will firstly discuss the emergence of primates. secondly, the emergence of anthropoid.

thirdly, it will talk about the impact of plate shifts and lastly, it’s going to talk about the influence of climate changes.

The emergence of primates

The world was created long time ago and its was more in another way compare to the now. It was a special ERA and different primates. The first and well-known primates are plesiadapis and omomyids which are difference from the fashionable primates. These primates look more in another way when evaluating with human being. Most of their sizes are small when evaluating with a human and they’re thought to be prosimians.

Plesiadapis and omomyid are two distinction primates.

These primates are in the same household as lorises and lemur. According to Dennis O’Neil (1999), “Eocene prosimians were far more widely distributed all over the world than now. They lived in North America, Europe, Africa and Asia”. Most primates that appeared after the dinosaurs turned extinct have been small. They may grasp issues, dwelling in the bushes and eating insect. Trees are favoring primates in another way.

Emergence of anthropoid

Anthropoid discuss with the monkeys, apes and humans.

Hominids developed from anthropoid. Hominids refers to humans. According to Gunnell (2001), “among the earliest fossil anthropoid primates known are catopithecus browni, serapia eacaena, Arsinoea kallimos, and proteopithecus sylviae, from the late Eocene quarry L-41, Fayum Egypt. Two of these taxa, c. browni and s. eacaena, could be the oldest identified member of the propliopithecidae and parapithecidae”.

The fossils remain of the earliest anthropoid are saved within the museums as evident. Chimpanzees and gorillas are the apes that extra closest to human being, even their brains are larger and their DNA are practically the same as human. Chimpanzees can use their hands for walking and their arms are longer than legs whereas human have brief palms when evaluating with legs and cannot use palms for walking.

There are theories created by different individuals. These theories are referred to as arboreal concept. Arboreal could be elaborated as primates that residing in timber. Each principle talks about things that favor the emergence of primates, these primates living in trees. Most primates are favored by their feet and arms when climbing timber, including monkeys. Their greedy toes have full assist equally as their arms and they can swing fast in bushes utilizing both toes and arms.

Being in the tree permits them to vision. They search meals by observing from the tree, food like insects. Most primates have a well-developed sense of odor and others have eye orbit on the facet of the skull. According to Schoenherr (2009), “Many theories concerning the evolution of primate sociality and social behaviour are related to this negative idea that primates have to be aggressive as a outcome of they’re compelled to be social”.

Comparing primates and anthropoid

There are difficulties when evaluating primates and anthropoid as primates are differentiated into two, anthropoid and prosimians which suggests anthropoids are primate. Anthropoid has the looks and size of a human being, for example, Chimpanzee and gorilla. they’ve large brains as human beings. According to Smithsonian National Museum (2018), “Besides comparable anatomy and habits, there could be DNA proof.

It confirms that humans are primates and that modern people and chimpanzees diverged from a common ancestor between eight and 6 million years in the past. There is only about a 1.2 % genetic difference between fashionable humans and chimpanzees throughout a lot of their genetic code”. There is a difference between prosimians and anthropoid, prosimians are mostly small in size. Lemur and lorises are examples of prosimians.

Plate shift

Term plate shift can be defined as a movement of plate that make the earth which causes volcanoes, changing of continents and earth quakes. The continents have modified their locations in the million years ago. Most continents are now situated on completely different instructions and form together with Africa.

The world was different throughout that Era. According to Dennis O’Neil (1999), “By 16-14 million years ago, in the center of the Miocene Epoch, the continuing motion of tectonic plates within the Great Rift Valley system created new volcanic mountain chains in East Africa”. The continent shift affected the primate negatively. There are many primates that went extinct after the plate shift and dinosaurs is one of them. The changing of continents places means the change of climate situation. Plate shift is an element that contribute to the evolution of primates.


Climate change

Climate situation is the one that may resolve the place the primates can or can not reside. Climate condition is completely different in all areas, other locations have high temperature. Weather condition and the change of the season have an result on crops, primates, and environment. Other areas are dry whereas others are wet. According to Alex Taylor (2016), “scientists assessed the publicity and potential vulnerability to projected future temperature and precipitation adjustments of all non- human primate species.

They discovered that, general, 419 species of primates such lemur, loris, tarsier, monkeys and apes will expertise 10% more warming than the worldwide average”. There are preferences on the primates, some prefer wetland whereas others may choose cold land. Lemur and monkey have dissimilar preferences. Climate situation is one other factor of primate evolution.


To conclude, Primates are differentiated into two groups. Primate evolution was trigger by the plate shift and local weather situation. Climate condition can resolve the place primate can or cannot stay. Most primates lived within the million years ago had been different from the trendy primate. Hominid are human being and they are additionally regarded as primates.

Humans, chimpanzees and gorillas share the DNA that almost the same. The continents shift modified the climate condition. Plate shift and climate condition are elements of primate evolution. Dinosaur turned extinct after the plate shift.


  • Gunnel, G.F and Miller, E.R. (2001). Origin of anthropoidea: Dental evidence and recognition of early anthropoids within the fossils data, with feedback on the Asian anthropoid radiation. American journal of bodily anthropology. Vol. a hundred and forty four: pp 177-191
  • Marett, R.R. (1914). Anthropology. London: Thornton Butterworth.
    O’Neil, D. (1999). The first primates. [online]Available at: https://www2.palormar.edu/anthro/earlyprimates/early_2.htm.
  • Smithsonian National museum. (2018). What does it mean to be human? [online] Available at: humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/genetics
  • Schoenherr, N. Primate evolved to be social, not aggressive. [online] Available at: https://source.wustl.edu/2009/02/primates-evolved-to-be-social-not-aggressive-sussman-tells-aaas/
  • Taylor, A. (2016). Impact of climate condition on primates. article. [online] Available at: https://www.conservationjobs.co.uk/articles/impact-of-climate-change-on-primates/
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