Importance of adult education and ways to implement
SYRIAN CONFLICTS Security Council Fellow Delegates Ladies and Gentlemen.Good morning everybody,my name is Melwin.Today i take this oppurtinity to speak about Syrian conflcts.The Syrian conflicts has admitted it has a chemical weopans stockpile and says its willing to destroy it under international supervision. The UK is working with the US and the France to draft a UN resolutionon on the Russian for Syrian’s chemical weopans to be put under international control.The 3 nation want a timetable and consequences of failure spelt out. Prime Minister David Cameroon says that he still supports military action. Speaking at the G-20 summit,MR.Cameroon announced that the uk would give an additional of $80m in aid for Syria-much of it for medical training and equipment to help civilians targeted by chemical attacks. SYRIAN CONFLICTS Security Council Fellow Delegates Ladies and Gentlemen.Good morning everybody,my name is Melwin.Today i take this oppurtinity to speak about Syrian conflcts.The Syrian conflicts has admitted it has a chemical weopans stockpile and says its willing to destroy it under international supervision. The UK is working with the US and the France to draft a UN resolutionon on the Russian for Syrian’s chemical weopans to be put under international control.
The 3 nation want a timetable and consequences of failure spelt out. Prime Minister David Cameroon says that he still supports military action. Speaking at the G-20 summit,MR.Cameroon announced that the uk would give an additional of $80m in aid for Syria-much of it for medical training and equipment to help civilians targeted by chemical attacks. Prime Minister David Cameroon says that he still supports military action. Speaking at the G-20 summit,MR.Cameroon announced that the uk would give an additional of $80m in aid for Syria-much of it for medical training and equipment to help civilians targeted by chemical attacks “PRAISE THE LORD”
STMC SUNDAY CATECHISM Lesson-8 Church: The Prophetic People.
1. Who is a prophet? What are his functions?
A prophet is the one who communicates God’s message to the people. He speaks for God. He also bears witness to God’s Word in his own life. God sent prophets to Israel from time to time to form the people of Israel as his own people, to make them know His will and to lead them according to his will.
2. What do you understand when we speak of the prophetic function of the members of the Church? The members of the Church who receive the Holy Spirit through Baptism and Anointing become a prophetic people. The prophetic people are those who are anointed by the Holy Spirit and led by the Holy Spirit. To become witnesses of Jesus Christ is the mission of those who receive the Spirit and become prophets in the Church.
3. A prophet is called to be the light of the world and salt to the earth: illustrate. Salt preserves edible thing; it also gives taste. In fulfilling their prophetic function the members of the Church should work for the elimination of evil in the society and to add taste to life which they experience deep within them. Wherever they are, the members of the Church are called to bear witness to Christ through proclaiming the Word of God and by the example of their lives. As a prophetic people, Christians are called shed the light of Christ on those who live in the darkness of immorality, deceitfulness and fraud.
4. Write a short note on: A Christian is one who has to bear witness to truth. Our prophetic function in the world is to bear witness to truth like Jesus. The Church should really become the conscience of the world by fighting against untruth and injustice and by witnessing to truth, justice and love. This is the prophetic function of the Church. 5. How do the lay people fulfill their prophetic mission?
The lay persons are called to fulfill their prophetic function in the Church by strengthening themselves through the reception of the sacraments, by leading a life of faith and by proclaiming the gospel through their words and lives.
Lesson-9 The Missionary Church.
1. The Church is missionary by her very nature. Explain.
After resurrection from the dead, Jesus appeared to his disciples and said: “As the father has sent me, even so I send you”. “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you”. Jesus entrusted the Church with the mission to bear witness to him. Therefore the Church, by her very nature, is missionary.
2. How does the Church perform her missionary function?
The Church’s mission is to proclaim Christ and make him known as the only Saviour of the world lead all peoples to this path of salvation. It is the duty of every Christian to proclaim Jesus Christ to others who do not know him yet. The Church perform this God given mission in three ways (i) The Church proclaim Christ to those people who have not heard of him.(ii)She instructs those who are already in the Church through faith and baptism, so that they may deepen their knowledge in the mystery of faith.(iii)She re-evangelizes those Christians who have become weak in their practice of faith.
3. Every Christian is a missionary. illustrate.
One is called to participate in the mission of proclaiming Christ by virtue of baptism. To bear witness to Christ by leading a life in accordance with the gospel values is the fundamental mission of every Christian. This mission is carried out differently by the members of the Church depending on the state of life each one has chosen.
4. Write notes on: The missionary endeavors of the Syro-Malabar Church. The Christians, who received faith from St .Thomas, imbibed his missionary zeal and faith. Many missionaries, both men and women, from the Syro-Malabar Church are engaged in octane missionary work in different parts of India. In recognition of the missionary spirit and zeal of the Syro-Malabar Church and its members, Pope John 23rd entrusted the care of Chanda Mission to the Syro-malabar Church. Later a number of dioceses in the north,such as Satna, Sagar, Ujjain, Bignor, Rajkot, Jagadalpur, Gorakpur were entrusted to the Syro-malabar Church by the Holy See. Diocese of Kalayan was established in 1988to look after the spiritual needs of the members of the Syro- Malabar Church who have settled in Mumbai for job, and trade and commerce. The diocese of Thakkala in the south was established in i996 and in the North, the diocese of Balthangadi in 1999 comprising the mission territories of Kerala. The diocese of Chanda was divided and the diocese of Adilabad was formed. The diocese of Chicago in USA is a part of the Syro-Malabar Church.
5. How can we participate in the mission of the Church as its members? We bear witness to Jesus Christ by the words and actions, particularly when we live in the midst of people who are non-Christians.
Lesson-10 The Pilgrim Church
1. What is the hope that gives meaning to Christian life?
Christians are a people who move forward with eager longing for heaven and the bliss of Paradise. It is this hope of eternal life, which gives meaning to Christian Life.
2.How does the Christian life become a foretaste of life in heaven? Christian Life means our union with Jesus Christ. It is state in which we are in Christ and He is in us. A complete and final realization of this union with Christ is heaven. In real Christian life, we can have a fore taste heaven, provided we live according to the promptings of the Spirit. Peace and happiness are the fruits of the Spirit which the presence of the Holy Spirit ensures in our lives. Enjoying peace and happiness here on earth through the presence of the Holy Spirit, is an experience of heavenly life-only in small measures here, but there in full.
3. How can we help our departed faithful?
The faithful who are on earth can assist the souls in purgatory, through their prayers, particularly the Eucharist, almsgiving and sacrifices.
4. Explain, individual judgment and final judgment. The separation of the soul from the body is death. The body gets decayed in the soul but the soul, at very movement of death, appears before God, to be judged individually, according to each one’s life and conduct. We call this the individual judgment. The final judgment is the one in which the just and the unjust are going to be separated finally and eternally.
Lesson-11 The Church is One
1. The Catholic Church is the fellowship of the individual Churches. Explain. The Church is the body of Christ. In the Church, the members live out their Christian life in individual Churches under one common authority of the Pope. The Catholic Church is the fellowship or communion of these individual Churches. There exists a wonderful unity among these Churches.
2. What are the factors that that constitute the basis of the Church’s fellowship and unity? i) Unity in Faith: Our faith is in Triune God, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit as revealed Jesus. It is the faith in the salvation, made real by the son of God, who was sent by the Father, for the redemption of the world and completed by the Holy Spirit. Thus all the believers are united in one Spirit through one Lord, one faith and one baptism. ii) Unity in sacraments: Having been made into one body with Jesus through baptism, we are nourished by the Holy Eucharist and other sacraments. Church is the fellowship of those who participate in the one and the same life by participating in the same spiritual drink and the same spiritual food. Thus the members of the Church are united through one baptism and one bread for all. iii) Unity in Apostleship: Fellowship with the apostles and the Bishops is essential for maintaining the fellowship of the believers in the Church. This is called unity in apostleship. The believers who are united like this have one faith, one sacrament and one apostolic leadership.
3. Which are the main liturgical traditions in the Catholic Church? They are six liturgical traditions in the Catholic Church follow are ancient. Of these, Byzantine, Antiochian, Alexandrian, Chaldean, Armenian are of Oriental liturgical traditions and Roman (latin) tradition is Western.
4. To which liturgical tradition does the Syro-Malabar Church belong? The Syro-Malabar Church follows the Oriental Syrian Liturgical tradition.
5. On what basis are the individual Churches formed?
Individual Churches has sprung up in its own particular historical context and is rooted in a particular culture. Each of them has its own life-style (CCEO 28:1). They, have all equal status in the Catholic Church.
Lesson -12 The Church is Holy
1. How did God reveal his holiness to the prophet Isaiah; explain. Once prophet Isaiah was praying in the temple and he had a vision. He saw the Lord seated on a throne. The hem of his robe filled the entire temple. Above him stood the seraphim; each had six wings; with two he covered his face and with two he covered his feet and with two he flew. And one called to another and said: “Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of His glory.” And the foundations of the thresholds shook at the voice of him who called, and the house was filled with smoke. This vision of Isaiah is one that reveals God’s holiness.
2. Why do you say that the Church is holy?
The Church is a community called by the most high God, who is Holy, and dedicated to service. The holy one, God, is dwelling in the Church. The Church is being led by the Holy Spirit. The Church is also enriched by the presence of so many holy people in it. All these factors account for the holiness of the Church.
3. What are the means of sanctification in the Church?
i) Sanctification through Jesus: -In the New Testament, Jesus, the Lamp of God, purifies us through his blood. It was his sacrifice on the cross that liberated us from the power of the evil one, sanctified us from sin and made us God’s children. ii) Sanctification through the word of God:- The Word of God has the power to sanctify us. Jesus said: ”You are already made clean by the Word which I have spoken to you.” The members of the Church can walk on the path of holiness by reflecting on the Word of God prayerfully every day and living it out during the course of the day. Iii) Sanctification through the Sacraments:- Sacraments are the means for the sanctification of the Church. They are the stream of divine life established by Jesus. God sanctifies every phase of human life through various sacraments. He specially sanctifies our bodies and souls through the holy sacrifice of the Qurbana every day iv) Sanctification through the Sacramentals:- The sacraments help us to grow in holiness. They prepare us to receive God’s love and kindness and assist us in our growth in holiness. The sacramental are rituals that sanctify the members of the Church, in their verifying states of life, situations, places and things they use. v) Sanctification through Prayer, Fasting, and Abstinence:- Through prayer we can confess our weaknesses and limitations before the Almighty God and gain strength and confidence. vi) Sanctifications through Our Vocations:- Any state of life in Church is a divine vocation. Whatever is the state of life, when one moves the path of perfection of love according to his/ her state of life and inspire others to grow in holiness, the holiness illuminates.
4. How do the vocations become the means of holiness?
Perfection of love is attained and holiness is achieved, by fulfilling faithfully the duties pertaining to each one’s state of life. Any state of life in the Church is a divine vocation. Whatever is the state of life, when one moves the path of perfection of love according to his/ her state of life and inspire others to grow in holiness, the holiness illuminates. In a way the works entrusted to one’s care can also be seen as a divine call. Through this we get an opportunity to participate in the creative, redeeming and sanctifying works of God. They become means of holiness for us when we lovingly co-operate and creatively respond to the call of God the works entrusted to us.
5. How do abstinence, prayer and fasting help us to grow in holiness? Prayer, fasting and are also means for sanctification. In prayer we meet God; we come to know his will for us. Through prayer we can confess our weaknesses and limitations before the Almighty God and gain strength and confidence. Anyone who prays sincerely is greatly strengthened against falling into sin or in case of failure, he gets back the path of holiness quickly through repentance. Though fasting and abstinence we make amends for our own as well as for others sins. Fasting gives us the strength to keep away from the situation of sin.
The Church is Apostolic
1. How does the faith experience of the apostles become the foundation of the Church? The faith experience of the apostles is the basis of the Church. The apostles believed in Jesus as the Lord and God proclaimed this faith with boldness to others. And those who listened to the proclamation accepted this faith. Thus the faith – experience of the apostles became the basis of the Church, the community of believers.
2. What are the functions of the Bishops, the successors of the apostles? The Bishops in the Church are the successors of the apostles. They, through the power of the Holy Spirit given to them, are the authentic teachers of faith, the high priests and shepherds. They are the shepherds of the Lord’s sheep entrusted to their care. The bishop is the head of the local Church, namely the diocese. In union with the Pope, a bishop teaches leads and sanctifies the people entrusted to his care in a diocese.
3. Write a short note on the apostolicity of the Syro- Malabar Church? Our fore-fathers had the privilege of receiving the faith directly from St. Thomas, the Apostle. We, the members the Syro- Malabar Church inherit this faith tradition. References like ‘Mar Thomma Nazranikal’ ‘Mar Thomma Christians’ are indicatives of our apostolic tradition and heritage. It was St. Thomas who confessed Jesus as Lord and God and expressed his readiness to go and die with him. The faith experience that we have received through the apostle St. Thomas is the apostolic foundation of the Syro-Malabar Church.
4. When does the council of Bishops express itself in the Church? Bishops who are the successors of the apostles and the Pope who is taking the place of St.Peter, have an apostolic mission and fellowship which is exercised in the leadership of the Church. The Pope is the head of the council of Bishops. When the Bishops of the Church exercise their apostolic authority in union with the Pope, we see the collegiality of Bishops. The ecumenical councils also reflect the collegiality of Bishops.
5. What do you mean by the Primacy of the Pope?
Pope is the first among the Bishops in the Church as he is the successor of Peter. The Pope is at the one and at the same time the Bishop of Rome and at the head of the Universal Church. He has the authority to lead, sanctify and teach the Universal Church. The first Vatican Council declared the Primacy of the Pope as a fundamental truth. Through the encyclicals and apostolic instructions the Pope exercises his teaching authority over the entire Church.