Just how many of us has had a moment of sheer terror where we survived, but was forever changed down deep in the core of whom we are? Doctors, Clinicians, Scientists, and Physicians say that this is what has happened when a person experiences just such a moment in their life. That the person may never show a scar for what has happened, but that their identity (the core soul of them), who they are suffers from that moment forward. This effect upon a person is called, “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder or PYSD!”(PTSD Website, 2014) Symptoms and what causes it
What causes one to re-suffer these moments of terror can be almost anything; “from the fact that if you have had an experienced severe trauma or a life-threatening event, you may develop symptoms of posttraumatic stress, commonly known as post traumatic stress disorder, PTSD, shell shock, or combat stress. Maybe you felt like your life or the lives of others were in danger, or that you had no control over what was happening. You may have witnessed people being injured or dying, or you may have been physically harmed yourself.” (PTSD Website, 2014) Things that can trigger the onset of an experience flashback can come from loud noises, depression, to even moments of extreme stress.
Once triggered, “Some of the most common symptoms of PTSD include recurring memories or nightmares of the event(s), sleeplessness, loss of interest, or feeling numb, anger, and irritability, but there are many ways PTSD can impact your everyday life. Sometimes these symptoms don’t surface for months or even years after the event or returning from deployment. They may also come and go. If these problems won’t go away or are getting worse—or you feel like they are disrupting your daily life—you may have PTSD.” (PTSD Website, 2014) Many veterans returning to civilian life after years of military service often take years or decades to even begin to start showing the ill effects of posttraumatic stress disorder, or PTSD.
“Post traumatic stress disorder treatment can help a person regain normalcy in their life after a trauma or traumatic event. PTSD is an anxiety disorder that occurs after a person experiences a traumatic event. Everyone copes differently so a traumatic event such as violence, war or a natural disaster can cause PTSD in one person and not another. Post traumatic stress disorder symptoms may also vary from one person to the next depending on the impact of the trauma. Post traumatic stress disorder treatment is effective for people at all stages of the continuum, from mild to severe. Some people have higher risk factors than others for developing PTSD. These risk factors do not impact the value and effectiveness of treatment.
At the Sylvia Brafman Mental Health Center, we work with our clients to identify their unique post traumatic stress disorder symptoms and create an individualized treatment plan to give them the best opportunity for long-term recovery and a return to normal living.”(Brafman, 2014) But I may have put the cart before the horse in this instance, because the person who is suffering from PTSD must either be told by a loved one or recognize that something is not quite right and then begins the long road to recovery and back to health.
A different View of Causes
Scientists who work for the National Institute of Mental Health took a different approach, they focused on the gene that play(s) a role in creating fear memories. “Understanding how fear memories are created may help to refine and /or find new interventions for reducing the symptoms of PTSD. For example, PTSD researchers have pinpointed genes that make: Stathmin, a protein needed to form fear memories. In one study, mice that did not make stathmin were less likely than normal mice to “freeze,” a natural, protective response to danger, after being exposed to a fearful experience.
They also showed less innate fear by exploring open spaces more willingly than normal mice. GRP (gastrin-releasing peptide), a signaling chemical in the brain released during emotional events. In mice, GRP seems to help control the fear response, and lack of GRP may lead to the creation of greater and more lasting memories of fear. Researchers have also found a version of the 5-HTTLPR gene, which controls levels of serotonin — a brain chemical related to mood-that appears to fuel the fear response. Like other mental disorders, it is likely that many genes with small effects are at work in PTSD.”(NIMH Website, 2014)
Beginnings of How to treat PTSD
Since many people suffering from PTSD function normally for many years, the discovery and diagnosis of the actual disease is difficult. For a diagnosis of Post-traumatic stress disorder, the following list of conditions have been mentioned in sources as possible alternative diagnoses to consider during the diagnostic process for Post-traumatic stress disorder: ”Adjustment disorder, Brief psychotic disorder, Clinical depression, Acute stress disorder, Obsessive-compulsive disorder, Malingering, and Epilepsy to name a few of the most used misdiagnosis of the disorder.” (Right Diagnosis Website, 2014) Other possible causes of Post-traumatic stress disorder may include, but are not limited to the following medical conditions: “Terrifying ordeal – violent attacks, war, assault, rape, torture, kidnapping, etc., Child abuse, Serious accidents; Natural disasters – e.g. earthquake, flood, hurricanes, etc., Manmade disaster – e.g. plane crash, bombing, etc.” (Right Diagnosis Website, 2014) As stated before, isolating the possible type of cause will allow Doctors, Clinicians, Scientists, and Physicians to act in a focused attempt at curing the disorder and the start of a normal life once again.
How they Do Treatment of PTST
By Doctors, Clinicians, Scientists, and Physicians trying to understanding just what factors can and/or does cause PTSD. The Doctors, Clinicians, Scientists, and Physicians are able to create individual treatment plan(s) and/or a process to assist each person whom is experiencing the disorder. Will the Doctors, Clinicians, Scientists, and Physicians be able to assist the patient in their reintegration back into society as a contributing member once again!
PTSD Website retrieved on 07 23 2014 from:
Sylvia Brafman Mental health Center Website retrieved on 07 23 2014 from: http://www.mentalhealthcenter.org/mental-health-disorders/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-treatment/?gclid=Cj0KEQjwur2eBRDtvMS0gIuS-dYBEiQANBPMR3FaX3fZ6uxfpibFTdRT5Iy6E6HzBM5Ji9evB9zp99YaAs6r8P8HAQ
National Institute of Mental Health Website retrieved on 07 23 2014 from: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd/index.shtml
Right Diagnosis Website retrieved on 07 23 2014 from: http://www.rightdiagnosis.com/p/post_traumatic_stress_disorder/misdiag.htm