Stern Corporation (A)

Individuel Case Study
After the controller of Stern Corporation had ascertained the changes in accounts receivable and the allowance for doubtful accounts in 1998, a similar analysis was made of property, plant, and equipment and accumulated depreciation accounts. Again the controller examined the December 31, 1997, balance sheet [see Exhibit 1 of Stern Corporation (A)]. Also reviewed were the following company transactions that were found to be applicable to these accounts: 1. On January 2, 1998, one of the factory machines was sold for its book value, $3,866. This machine was recorded on the books at $31,233 with accumulated depreciation of $27,367. 2. Tools were carried on the books at cost, and at the end of each year a physical inventory was taken to determine what tools still remained.

The account was written down to the extent of the decrease in tools as ascertained by the year-end inventory. At the end of 1998, it was determined that there had been a decrease in the tool inventory amounting to $7,850. 3. On March 1, 1998, the company sold for $2,336 cash an automobile that was recorded on the books at a cost of $8,354 and had an accumulated depreciation of $5,180, giving a net book value of $3,174 as of January 1, 1998. In this and other cases of the sale of long-lived assets during the year, the accumulated depreciation and depreciation expense items were both increased by an amount that reflected the depreciation chargeable for the months in 1998 in which the asset was held prior to the sale, at rates listed in 7 below. 4. The patent listed on the balance sheet had been purchased by the Stern Corporation on December 31, 1987, for $168,750.

This patent had been granted on December 31, 1985. The cost of the patent was to be written off as an expense over the remainder of its legal life. (The legal life of a patent is 17 years from the date granted.) 5. On July 1, 1998, a typewriter that had cost $1,027 and had been fully depreciated on December 31, 1997, was sold for $75. 6. On October 1, 1998, the company sold a desk for $80. This piece of furniture was recorded on the books at a cost of $490 with an accumulated depreciation of $395 as of January 1, 1998. 7. Depreciation was calculated at the following rates:

Buildings………………………… | 2% |
Factory machinery…………….. | 10* |
Furniture and fixtures………… | 10 |
Automotive equipment……….. | 20 |
Office machines………………… | 10 |
8. Included in the factory machinery cost of $3,425,585 was a machine costing $85,000 that had been fully depreciated on December 31, 1997, and that was still in use. Assignment
1. In a manner similar to that used in Stern Corporation (A), analyze the effect of each of these transactions on the property, plant, and equipment accounts, accumulated depreciation, and any other accounts may be involved; prepare journal entries for these transactions. Stern Corporation (B) Overview Issues:

* In Dec 31, 2010, the company reviewed certain transactions applicable to accounts receivable which are as followed: * Sales during 2010 amounted to $9,965,575
* Payments received during 2010 – $9,685,420
* During the year A/C rec. totaling $26,854 were w/o
* Two accounts were w/o in 2009 were collected in 2010
* One account for 2108 was paid in full
* Partial payment of 1566 was made and the original amount was 2486 * Allowance for bad debt to was adjusted as 3% of the balance in account receivable at the end of the year

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