Child psychology: development in a changing society

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9 January 2016

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Twin brothers Amee and Aaron have often witnessed his father batter and abuse their mother occasionally. As a result, the two have developed incessant fear toward their father and refrain from annoying or displeasing him at all times (Argosy University, 2013). In addition, both Aaron and Amee have developed aggressive behaviour that is showing at their school with the occasional fights they pick up with other children. Recently, the teacher recommended to their mother, Lacy, to seek an intervention program during a student/teacher conference. Pursuit of an intervention program is to alleviate the problematic behaviour of the two boys (Argosy University, 2013). This paper identifies and integrates different psychoeducational and supportive approaches in the intervention program applicable at community level, schools, centres and social service agencies. In addition, the paper explores potential response differences likely to be spotted between the two twins and the likely cause especially based on ethics, diversity and gender.

Indeed, children witnessing or experiencing violence and hostility in their families such as Amee and Aaron are potentially at risk to contract physical, behavioural and mental health complications. Often, these problems occur instantly, at one time, or at repeatedly some other point in their lives, they suffer from child abuse. (Bernard, 2013). Stewart (2012) lists seven likely qualities of resilience that should be nurtured amongst children in an intervention program to overcome their behavioural problems in the event of family violence. Stewart’s lists include such resilience qualities as acquiring a formidable identity to facilitate the children with confidence amidst others and to develop trusted relationships with trusted adults apart from their mother and father.

In addition, the children must be nurtured to feel that they have the reigns over their lives as well as nurtured to solve their problems independently or with the assistance of others. Moreover, the children must be nurtured such that they acknowledge fair treatment and equity. They should be presented with same opportunities as the rest so that they excel. For instance, they need equal opportunities in their physical development such as food, safe sleeping places, clothing and much more. Same opportunities must be provided amongst all things that children have to feel safe and secured. Besides, the parents must cultivate a feeling of belonging amongst the children to their community. This should be built alongside a sense of roots and culture to their community. Indeed, there are numerous community programs available that the twin’s family can seek help.

Aaron and Amee are likely to respond differently to the intervention programs. Principally, their internalization and view of the violence will determine how they respond to the intervention program. The way in which the children internalize and view violence during the intervention program describes their resilience. In their development, children develop multiple intrinsic factors especially in their early years of life. These intrinsic factors include autonomy, optimism, and skills to help cope, self esteem and sociability. Intrinsic factors amongst children differ across gender, ethics and diversity (Harwood, Miller & Vasta, 2008). For instance, a number of empirical evidences and researchers identified more resilience among boys as compared to girls in the same age bracket and environment. Besides, children brought up in an ethnically diverse community are exposed to numerously different cultures and way of life. As a result, they are highly resilient as compared to children from a singularly ethnic community.


Argosy University. (2013, January 8). Argosy University – PSYCHOLOGY 301. Argosy University PSYCHOLOGY 301. Retrieved March 22, 2014, from

Harwood, R., Miller, S. A., & Vasta, R. (2008). Child psychology: development in a changing society (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Stewart, D. E. (2012). Resilience in Elderly Survivors of Child Maltreatment. Sage Open, 2(2), 36-45.


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